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Enhanced between-site biosecurity to minimize herpetofaunal disease-causing pathogen transmission

March 31, 2021

Pathogens and their associated diseases have the potential to severely affect wildlife populations, including herpetofauna. Concern is increasing for transmission pathways of herpetofaunal diseases, especially for amphibians affected by the fungal pathogens Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd: Longcore et al. 1999) and B. salamandrivorans (Bsal: Martel et al. 2013), and amphibians and reptiles affected by Iridoviruses of the genus Ranavirus (Rv: Gray and Chinchar 2015) for which global human-mediated pathogen transmission is increasingly implicated (e.g., Fisher and Garner 2007; Picco and Collins 2008; Walker et al. 2008; Schloegel et al. 2009; Auliya et al. 2016; Martel et al. 2013, 2014; Fisher et al. 2012; Nguyen et al. 2017; O’Hanlon et al. 2018). Preventing the novel introductions of emerging infectious diseases is of paramount importance (Gray et al. 2015; Grant et al. 2016), as once they gain a foothold, they can be “essentially unstoppable” (Fisher et al. 2012). In order to minimize anthropogenic influences on disease dynamics, biosecurity procedures and decision-support systems for biosecurity prioritization have been developed. In general, such procedures for herpetofaunal emerging infectious diseases have been framed relative to the stages of pathogen emergence (pre-arrival, invasion front, epidemic, and establishment: e.g., Garner et al. 2016; Grant et al. 2017) as well as the intertwining contexts of herpetological research, natural resource management activities, integrated biodiversity conservation practices, and the human dimension of transmission of novel pathogens, (e.g., Gray et al. 2018; More et al. 2018).

Publication Year 2021
Title Enhanced between-site biosecurity to minimize herpetofaunal disease-causing pathogen transmission
Authors Deanna H. Olson, Katherine H. Haman, Matthew J. Gray, Reid N. Harris, Tracy Thompson, Marley Iredale, Michelle Christman, Jennifer M. Williams, Michael J. Adams, Jennifer R. Ballard
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Herpetological Review
Index ID 70222102
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Forest and Rangeland Ecosystem Science Center