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Formulations for aircraft and airfield deicing and anti-icing: aquatic toxicity and biochemical oxygen demand

January 1, 2008

The Airport Cooperative Research Program (ACRP) has sponsored research on environmental characteristics of aircraft and pavement deicers and anti-icers focusing primarily on biochemical oxygen demand (BOD) and aquatic toxicity of formulated products and individual chemical components of formulations. This report presents a background of issues leading to this research, objectives of this document, and a description of the efforts and findings of this research.

Except when the distinction among products is necessary for clarity, “deicer” will refer to aircraft-deicing fluids (ADFs), aircraft anti-icing fluids (AAFs), and pavement-deicing materials (PDMs) generally.

The efforts of this project have included the following:

  • A review of regulations and specifications related to the performance and environmental characteristics of deicer formulations
  • A review of issues related to the impact that deicers have on aquatic systems and causes of those impacts
  • Laboratory testing of current-use deicers to establish benchmark values for aquatic toxicity, BOD, and chemical oxygen demand (COD)
  • A review of deicer formulations under development and their relevant performanceand environmental-related characteristics
  • A review of operational and infrastructure considerations
  • A synopsis of current analytical methods used in environmental characterization of airport deicing runoff
  • A toxicity-based investigation of current-use deicers to determine components responsible for toxicity and identify component classes to focus a search for alternative components
  • Identification of gaps in knowledge and data pertaining to the above topics
Publication Year 2008
Title Formulations for aircraft and airfield deicing and anti-icing: aquatic toxicity and biochemical oxygen demand
Authors Lee Ferguson, Steven R. Corsi, Steven W. Geis, Graham Anderson, Kevin Joback, Harris Gold, Dean Mericas, Devon A. Cancilla
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype Organization Series
Index ID 70160335
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Wisconsin Water Science Center