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A geochemical study of macerals from a Miocene lignite and an Eocene bituminous coal, Indonesia

January 1, 1996

Optical and chemical studies of maceral concentrates from a Miocene lignite and an Eocene high-volatile bituminous C coal from southeastern Kalimantan, Indonesia were undertaken using pyro-Lysis, optical, electron microprobe and FTIR techniques Pyrolysis products of vitrinite from bituminous coal were dominated by straight-chain aliphatics and phenols. The huminite of the Miocene lignite produced mostly phenolic compounds upon pyrolysis. Differences in the pyrolysis products between the huminite and vitrinite samples reflect both maturation related and paleobotanical differences. An undefined aliphatic source and/or bacterial biomass were the likely contributors of n-alkyl moieties to the vitrinite. The resinite fraction in the lignite yielded dammar-derived pyrolysis products, as well as aliphatics and phenols as the products of admixed huminite and other liptinites. The optically defined resinite-rich fraction of the bituminous coal from Kalimantan produced abundant n-aliphatic moieties upon pyrolysis, but only two major resin markers (cadalene and 1,6-dimethylnaphthalene). This phenomenon is likely due to the fact that Eocene resins were not dammar-related. Data from the electron microprobe and Fourier transform infrared spectrometry strongly support the results obtained by Py GC MS and microscopy.

Citation Information

Publication Year 1996
Title A geochemical study of macerals from a Miocene lignite and an Eocene bituminous coal, Indonesia
DOI 10.1016/0146-6380(96)00038-1
Authors B.A. Stankiewicz, M.A. Kruge, Maria Mastalerz
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Organic Geochemistry
Series Number
Index ID 70018502
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization