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Geology of two areas of pegmatite deposits in southeastern Alaska

January 1, 1955

A pegmatite deposit about 600 feet in diameter crops on a high bluff less than one-half mile east of a small unnamed cove between Redfish and Byron Bays, on the west coast of Baranof Island, southeastern Alaska.

The deposit which comprises several pegmatite bodies consists of quartz, albite-oligoclase, microcline and mica, listed in the order of their relative abundance. Feldspar and quartz crystals locally attain a length of more than 1 foot. Some muscovite mica up to 2 inches in diameter occurs, but the major part of the mica is contained in concentrations, containing mica flakes one-half inch across, that often are as large as 10 feet across. Ruby mica of strategic grade has been obtained from float from this deposit.

None of the rarer minerals such as beryl, columbite-tantalite or cassiterite that often occur in pegmatites were observed in the preliminary examination; and small-size concentrate samples obtained by panning stream sands from the area did not contain recognizable amounts of these rarer minerals. One sample contained a few grains identified as cassiterite. No radioactive anomalies were detected in the pegmatites, or in the stream concentrates.

The large tonnage of material available arid the favorable location by a good anchorage on an ocean route are favorable factors that should contribute to the development of the deposits. Other deposits of comparable size probably occur in the area.

Publication Year 1955
Title Geology of two areas of pegmatite deposits in southeastern Alaska
DOI 10.3133/ofr55159
Authors C.L. Sainsbury
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Open-File Report
Series Number 55-159
Index ID ofr55159
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse