Human actions can affect wildlife and their nematode parasites. Species introductions and human-facilitated range expansions can create new host–parasite interactions. Novel hosts can introduce parasites and have the potential to both amplify and dilute nematode transmission. Furthermore, humans can alter existing nematode dynamics by changing host densities and the abiotic conditions that affect larval parasite survival. Human impacts on wildlife might impair parasites by reducing the abundance of their hosts; however, domestic animal production and complex life cycles can maintain transmission even when wildlife becomes rare. Although wildlife nematodes have many possible responses to human actions, understanding host and parasite natural history, and the mechanisms behind the changing disease dynamics might improve disease control in the few cases where nematode parasitism impacts wildlife.
|Title||How do humans affect wildlife nematodes?|
|Authors||Sara B. Weinstein, Kevin D. Lafferty|
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Series Title||Trends in Parasitology|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Western Ecological Research Center|