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Hydrogeology of south-central St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands

September 1, 1995

The subsurface geology of south-central St. Croix consists of alluvium and underlying carbonate rocks. The alluvial deposits consist of sand and gravel with cobbles and boulders and, locally, thin lenses of silt and clay. The carbonate rocks consist of the Oligocene to Middle Miocene age Jealousy formation, the Miocene and Pliocene are Kingshill Limestone, and the Pliocene and younger age Post-Kingshill Carbonates. Ground water occurs under water-table conditions in the alluvial, Post-Kingshill Carbonates, and Kingshill Limestone deposits. These deposits are hydraulically connected and are considered to be a single hydrologic unit. The top of the water-table aquifer can range from 5 to 68 feet below land surface. The top of the Jealousy Formation is considered to be the bottom of the water- table aquifer and generally is from 85 to greater than 120 feet below land surface. Aquifer yields in south- central St. Croix can range from less than 5 gallons per minute to 80 gallons per minute. The ground- water in the study area is of the sodium-chloride type. Ground-water samples collected from selected wells had chloride concentrations ranging from 64 to 4,400 milligrams per liter, and dissolved solid concen- trations ranging from 619 to 7,540 milligrams per liter. Connate water is suspected as being the source of sodium chloride in the ground water.

Publication Year 1995
Title Hydrogeology of south-central St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands
DOI 10.3133/wri934162
Authors R. P. Graves
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Water-Resources Investigations Report
Series Number 93-4162
Index ID wri934162
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse