Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Hydrology of area 8, eastern Coal Province, West Virginia and Ohio

January 1, 1987

The hydrology of Area 8 in the Ohio River basin in northwestern West Virginia and southeastern Ohio, is influenced by geology and geologic structure. Rocks underlying the area consist of alternating beds of sandstone, siltstone, shale, limestone, and mudstone. Minable coal is contained within the Pennsylvania and Permian rocks. Coal production in 1980 totaled 6.7 million tons from underground mines and one million tons from surface mines. There is a wide range of soil types (29 soil associations) in five land-resource areas. Precipitation averages about 41 inches annually and is greatest at higher altitudes along the eastern boundary of the area. Average annual runoff ranges from 13 to 29 inches per year. The principal land uses are forest and agriculture. Estimated water use during 1980 was 1,170 million gallons per day. Surface-water quality ranges from excellent to poor. The highest iron, manganese and sulfate concentrations were present in mined areas. Well yields range from less than 1 to 350 gallons per minute. Groundwater from the Mississippian rocks contain lesser amounts of dissolved solids than water from the Lower Pennsylvanian rocks. Water high in chloride content is present in some valley areas. (USGS)

Publication Year 1987
Title Hydrology of area 8, eastern Coal Province, West Virginia and Ohio
DOI 10.3133/ofr84463
Authors E. A. Friel, T. A. Ehlke, W.A. Hobba, S.M. Ward, R. A. Schultz
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Open-File Report
Series Number 84-463
Index ID ofr84463
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse