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Implementation of biomarker-based studies

January 1, 1993

Biomarkers may be used to determine chemical exposure and effects in several important ways. These include (1) evaluation of new agricultural or industrial chemicals for effects, (2) screening of municipal or industrial effluents, (3) determining the geographic distribution of chemical effects in the environment and their changes over time, (4) determining the identity and source of chemical pollutants, and (5) establishing cause and effect linkages.

Citation Information

Publication Year 1993
Title Implementation of biomarker-based studies
DOI 10.1007/978-3-642-84631-1_3
Authors John J. Stegeman, Brenda E. Ballachey, J. Bickham, B. Höcker, S. Kennedy, H. Thompson, A.D. Vethaak
Publication Type Book Chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Series Title
Series Number
Index ID 70186442
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Alaska Science Center

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