Over the past two decades, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and other agencies have pioneered the use of active acoustic sensors to monitor suspended-sediment concentrations and particle sizes in rivers and streams at the subdaily time scale. The LISST-ABS submersible acoustic backscatter sediment sensor (or “ABS sensor”) was developed by Sequoia Scientific, Inc., as an alternative to turbidity sensors for monitoring suspended-sediment concentrations in surface waters. The ABS sensor is different than traditional active acoustic instruments because it is small, lower in cost, lightweight, and requires less power; and the sampling volume is within the first 15 centimeters of the transducer face. Initial testing by the USGS indicated the ABS sensor had utility as a novel, cost-effective, off-the-shelf tool for monitoring suspended-sediment concentration in surface waters, and its use within the agency has increased in since its introduction around 2016. However, initial testing did not account for the potential of transducer calibration drift over longer deployments.
As part of its mission to unify and standardize research and development activities of Federal agencies involved in fluvial sediment studies, the Federal Interagency Sedimentation Project partnered with the USGS Wyoming-Montana and New Mexico Water Science Centers to examine the potential for use of standard, low-tech laboratory equipment to perform calibration checks on ABS sensors on long-term deployments. The experiments were intended to provide USGS scientists and the public with interim guidance to assist in operating and maintaining the ABS sensor.
|Title||Interim guidance for calibration checks on a submersible acoustic backscatter sediment sensor|
|Authors||Jason S. Alexander, Jonathan P. O'Connell, Jeb E. Brown|
|Publication Subtype||USGS Numbered Series|
|Series Title||Open-File Report|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||New Mexico Water Science Center; Wyoming-Montana Water Science Center|
Data from Lab Experiments to Support Interim Guidance for Performing Calibration Checks on the Sequoia Scientific LISST-ABS Acoustic Backscatter Sensor
Jason S. Alexander
Data from Lab Experiments to Support Interim Guidance for Performing Calibration Checks on the Sequoia Scientific LISST-ABS Acoustic Backscatter SensorAs part of its mission to unify and standardize research and development activities of Federal agencies involved in fluvial sediment studies, the Federal Interagency Sedimentation Project (FISP) partnered with the USGS Wyoming-Montana (WY-MT) Water Science Center to examine the potential for use of standard, low-tech laboratory equipment to perform calibration checks on the LISST-ABS™ sensor (here
Jason S. Alexander