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Juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) survival in Lookout Point Reservoir, Oregon, 2018

August 27, 2019

A field study was conducted to estimate survival of juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) in Lookout Point Reservoir, Oregon, during 2018. The study consisted of releasing three groups of genetically-marked fish into the reservoir, and sampling them monthly. Juveniles were released during April 10–13 (116,708 fish), May 15–18 (31,911 fish), and June 19–20 (11,758 fish). Reservoir sampling began in May and occurred monthly through October, consisting of 5-day events where juvenile Chinook salmon were collected using electrofishing, shoreline traps, and gill nets. Data were analyzed using a staggered release-recovery model and a parentage-based tagging (PBT) N-mixture model. The staggered release-recovery model provided survival estimates from three periods: mid-April to mid-May (SSRRM1); mid-May to mid-June (SSRRM2); and mid-April to mid-June (SSRRM12). Multiple estimates of survival were possible for each period using different combinations of recovery data from the three groups of fish that were released. Survival probability estimates for SSRRM1 ranged from 0.98520 to 0.98954; estimates for SSRRM2 ranged from 0.09338 to 0.62142; and the estimate for cumulative survival from mid-April to mid-June (SSRRM12) were 0.75211. We suspect that issues with release groups in May (R2) and June (R3) led to biased survival results using the staggered release-recovery model. The PBT N-mixture model provided survival estimates from six periods: mid-April to mid-May (SNMIX1); mid-May to mid-June (SNMIX2), mid-June to mid-July (SNMIX3), mid-July to mid-August (SNMIX4), mid-August to mid-September (SNMIX5); and mid-September to mid-October (SNMIX6). Survival estimates from the PBT N-mixture model were lowest for SNMIX6 (0.41620) and highest for SNMIX1 (0.79587). These results differed from those in 2017 when monthly survival increased across months. This suggests that one or more factors could have affected juvenile Chinook salmon survival in Lookout Point Reservoir. One possible factor could be copepods (which were highly prevalent on juvenile Chinook salmon during summer 2018), but environmental factors such as reserveroir elevation, discharge at Lookout Point Dam, and fish distributions within the reservoir differed between study years. Two PBT N-mixture models provided cumulative survival estimates from mid-April to mid-October. Estimates from the two models were 0.061 and 0.039, which suggests that survival of subyearling Chinook salmon in Lookout Point Reservoir was very low in 2018. Additional research is recommended to better understand inter-annual variability of subyearling Chinook salmon in the reservoir and to gain insights into factors that affect their survival.

Publication Year 2019
Title Juvenile Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) survival in Lookout Point Reservoir, Oregon, 2018
DOI 10.3133/ofr20191097
Authors Tobias J. Kock, Russell W. Perry, Gabriel S. Hansen, Philip V. Haner, Adam C. Pope, John M. Plumb, Karen M. Cogliati, Amy C. Hansen
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Open-File Report
Series Number 2019-1097
Index ID ofr20191097
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Western Fisheries Research Center