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Laboratory studies on antimycin A as a fish toxicant

January 1, 1969

Liquid and sand formulations of antimycin A were tested in laboratory waters of various temperature, hardness, pH, and turbidity against 31 species of fresh-water fish of various sizes and life stages. Each formulation of toxicant was lethal under all water conditions to fish eggs, fry, fingerlings, and adult fish. Trouts are the most sensitive and catfishes the least sensitive. Of the 31 species, 24 succumb to 5 p.p.b. or less of the toxicant; only certain catfishes survive 25 p.p.b, The order of toxicity to various species of fish suggests that antimycin has possibilities for selective or partial control of certain unwanted fish. Although toxic to fish under ice, antimycin is more active in warm water than in cold. It is slightly more active in soft water than in hard; it is more active and persists far longer in water at pH 5 to 8 than at pH 9 or 10. It is active on fish in either clear and turbid waters, and it can be detoxified by potassium permanganate, The results contributed to registration of antimycin A in Fintrol-5 formulation as a fish toxicant.

Publication Year 1969
Title Laboratory studies on antimycin A as a fish toxicant
Authors Bernard L. Berger, Robert E. Lennon, James W. Hogan
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype Federal Government Series
Series Title Investigations in Fish Control
Series Number 26
Index ID 2001030
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center