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Landsat-7 ETM+ radiometric calibration: Two years on-orbit

August 6, 2002

Landsat-7 has been in orbit for 2 years as of April 15, 2001 and operationally providing calibrated data products for 2 years as of June 28, 2001. A radiometric calibration team consisting of scientists and analysts from the Landsat Project Science Office, the Landsat-7 Image Assessment System and four universities evaluates the calibration based on on-board and ground-look (vicarious) calibration methodologies. The results are assembled and compared semi-annually and the calibration parameter files are adjusted as necessary. To date the combined results for the reflective bands have not shown any change from pre-launch values. The pre-launch values continue to be used for data processing, with the uncertainty estimated at less than 5%. In the thermal band, the vicarious calibration results indicated a 0.31 W/m/sup 2/ sr /spl mu/m bias in the calibration. This bias results in the ETM+ derived temperatures being about 3K high. The calibration parameter file was updated October 1, 2000 to remove this bias, however the U.S. Landsat Product Generation System (LPGS) software required modification that was not incorporated until December 20, 2000. All LPGS data products generated since this date have the correct thermal band calibration, regardless of image acquisition date, with uncertainties at approximately the 1% level.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2001
Title Landsat-7 ETM+ radiometric calibration: Two years on-orbit
DOI 10.1109/IGARSS.2001.976208
Authors B. L. Markham, J. L. Barker, E. Kaita, J. A. Barsi, D. L. Helder, F. D. Palluconi, J. R. Schott, K. J. Thome, Ron Morfitt, Pat Scaramuzza
Publication Type Conference Paper
Publication Subtype Conference Paper
Index ID 70231703
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center