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Landsat Collection 2 geometric calibration updates

September 17, 2020

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) changed the management and delivery of Landsat products to the public in its archive through the implementation of Collections. The Collections process ensures consistent data quality through time and across all the Landsat sensors with a few modifications to the metadata. The consistent data products from Collections are more conducive for applications such as time-series analysis, because the data can be used without a need for sensor-specific geometric or radiometric adjustments. The Collections process also allows for calibration improvements from updated reference sources, model trending, and enhanced algorithms that are grouped together and applied at one time, thus limiting the operational impacts to users. The first collection, Collection-1 was released in 2016, and Collection-2 is expected to be released in 2020. This paper addresses the geometric improvements to the Collection -2 dataset. Geometric improvements in Collection-2 include improvements to the geometric accuracy and interoperability of all Landsat products by implementing the Sentinel 2 Global Reference Image (GRI), improved elevation dataset using NASADEM and other sources of Digital Elevation Model (DEM) for terrain correction, improvements to the precision correction process for Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) and Thematic Mapper (TM) sensors, changes to the Thermal Infrared Sensor (TIRS) to Operational Land Imager (OLI) alignment estimates, thermal band detector alignments and focal plane adjustments for ETM+, and improvements to the ETM+ sensor to attitude control system (ACS).

Publication Year 2020
Title Landsat Collection 2 geometric calibration updates
DOI 10.1117/12.2570429
Authors R. Rengarajan, Michael J. Choate, James C. Storey, Shannon Franks, Esad Micijevic
Publication Type Conference Paper
Publication Subtype Conference Paper
Index ID 70214657
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Earth Resources Observation and Science (EROS) Center