To improve flood-frequency estimates at rural streams in Alabama, annual exceedance probability flows at gaged locations and regional regression equations used to estimate annual exceedance probability flows at ungaged locations were developed by using current geospatial data, new analytical methods, and annual peak-flow data through September 2015 at 242 streamgages in Alabama and surrounding States. The regional regression equations were derived from statistical analyses of annual peak-flow data and basin characteristics for a subset of 217 streamgages. Four flood regions were identified based on residuals from the regional regression analyses and contain sites with similar basin characteristics. A separate set of equations was derived for estimating flood frequency and magnitude for small rural streams using a subset of 40 small basin streamgages. A large river analysis was also completed for 14 selected large-river streamgages in Alabama. Annual exceedance probability flows presented in this report reflect additional streamflow data collected since the previous study of flood magnitude and frequency in Alabama, which included streamflow through September 2003.
|Title||Magnitude and frequency of floods in Alabama, 2015|
|Authors||Brandon T. Anderson|
|Publication Subtype||USGS Numbered Series|
|Series Title||Scientific Investigations Report|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center|