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Manganese inhibition of microbial iron reduction in anaerobic sediments

January 1, 1988

Potential mechanisms for the lack of Fe(II) accumulation in Mn(IV)‐con‐taining anaerobic sediments were investigated. The addition of Mn(IV) to sediments in which Fe(III) reduction was the terminal electron‐accepting process removed all the pore‐water Fe(II), completely inhibited net Fe(III) reduction, and stimulated Mn(IV) reduction. In a solution buffered at pH 7, Mn(IV) oxidized Fe(II) to amorphic Fe(III) oxide. Mn(IV) naturally present in oxic freshwater sediments also rapidly oxidized Fe(II). A pure culture of a dissimilatory FE(III)‐ and Mn(FV)‐reducing organism isolated from the sediments reduced Fe(III) to Fe(II) in the presence of Mn(IV) when ferrozine was present to trap Fe(II) before Mn(IV) oxidized it. Depth profiles of dissolved iron and manganese reported in previous studies suggest that Fe(II) diffusing up from the zone of Fe(III) reduction is consumed within the Mn(IV)‐reducing zone. These results demonstrate that preferential reduction of Mn(IV) by Fe(III)‐reducing bacteria cannot completely explain the lack of Fe(II) accumulation in anaerobic, Mn(IV)‐containing sedments, and indicate that Mn(IV) oxidation of Fe(II) is the mechanism that ultimately prevents Fe(II) accumulation.

Publication Year 1988
Title Manganese inhibition of microbial iron reduction in anaerobic sediments
DOI 10.1080/01490458809377834
Authors D. R. Lovley, E. J. P. Phillips
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Geomicrobiology Journal
Index ID 70013228
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse