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Metabolic products as biomarkers

June 9, 2009

Ideally, endogenous biomarkers would indicate both exposure and environmental effects of toxic chemicals; however, such comprehensive biochemical and physiological indices are currently being developed and, at the present time, are unavailable for use in environmental monitoring programs. Continued work is required to validate the use of biochemical and physiological stress indices as useful components of monitoring programs. Of the compounds discussed only phytochelatins and porphyrins are currently in biomarkers in a useful state; however, glutathione,metallothioneins, stress ethylene, and polyamines are promising as biomarkers in environmental monitoring.

Citation Information

Publication Year 1992
Title Metabolic products as biomarkers
Authors M. J. Melancon, R. Alscher, W. Benson, G. Kruzynski, R.F. Lee, H.C. Sikka, R.B. Spies
Publication Type Book Chapter
Publication Subtype Book Chapter
Series Title
Series Number
Index ID 5210668
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Patuxent Wildlife Research Center