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Method for in vitro screening of aquatic fungicides

January 1, 1983

Methods were developed for in vitro screening of candidate aquatic fungicides for efficacy against Achlya flagellata, A. racemosa, Saprolegnia hypogyna and S. megasperma. Agar plugs containing fungal hyphae, removed from the edge of actively growing colonies, were placed in the depressions of spot plates containing 1.0, 10.0 and 100 mg/l of the candidate compounds for 15 or 60 min. After exposure, the plugs were transferred on to filter papers (0.45-μm pore) in a holder, rinsed, and then placed on cornmeal agar medium in tri-petri dishes. The plates were checked for mycelial growth after 48, 96 and 168 h of incubation in a lighted (400–800 μm) environmental control chamber at 20±2°C. Criteria for the acceptance or rejection of candidate aquatic fungicides for further study were based on the antifungal spectrum index (ASI) comparisons between respective compounds and malachite green after 48 h and the concentration level producing complete growth inhibition. Candidate compounds whose ASI was Jess than 50% that of malachite green after 48 h or did not inhibit growth at levels less than 100 mg/l were rejected. This method provides a base from, which in vivo and definitive test regimens can be developed. Preliminary in vitro screening of candidate fungicides reduces the need for costly in vivo tests on compounds that have low antifungal activity.

Publication Year 1983
Title Method for in vitro screening of aquatic fungicides
DOI 10.1111/j.1365-2761.1983.tb00057.x
Authors T.A. Bailey
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Journal of Fish Diseases
Index ID 1003317
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center