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Migration of wood-preserving chemicals in contaminated groundwater in a sand aquifer at Pensacola, Florida

January 1, 1985

Operation of a wood-preserving facility for nearly 80 years at Pensacola, FL, contaminated the near-surface groundwater with creosote and pentachlorophenol. The major source of aquifer contamination was unlined surface impoundments that were in direct hydraulic contact with the groundwater. Episodes of overtopping the impoundments and overland flow of treatment liquor and waste were also significant to the migration and contamination of the groundwater. Solutes contaminating the ground-water are mainly naphthalene and substituted phenols. Sorption did not influence retardation of solutes in transport in the groundwater. Phenol and the mono substituted methylphenols appear to be undergoing bio-transformation. Pentachlorophenol (PCP) was not found in significant concentrations in the groundwater possibly because the solubility of PCP is approximately 5 mg/L at pH 6, near the average acidity for the groundwater.

Citation Information

Publication Year 1985
Title Migration of wood-preserving chemicals in contaminated groundwater in a sand aquifer at Pensacola, Florida
DOI 10.1021/es00140a012
Authors D.F. Goerlitz, D.E. Troutman, E.M. Godsy, B.J. Franks
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Environmental Science & Technology
Series Number
Index ID 70013128
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Toxic Substances Hydrology Program