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MLAAPDE: A machine learning dataset for determining global earthquake source parameters

June 15, 2023

The Machine Learning Asset Aggregation of the Preliminary Determination of Epicenters (MLAAPDE) dataset is a labeled waveform archive designed to enable rapid development of machine learning (ML) models used in seismic monitoring operations. MLAAPDE consists of more than 5.1 million recordings of 120 s long three‐component broadband waveform data (raw counts) for P, Pn, Pg, S, Sn, and Sg arrivals. The labeled catalog is collected from the U.S. Geological Survey National Earthquake Information Center’s (NEIC) Preliminary Determination of Epicenters bulletin, which includes local to teleseismic observations for earthquakes ∼M 2.5 and larger. Each arrival in the labeled dataset has been manually reviewed by NEIC staff. An accompanying Python module enables users to develop customized training datasets, which includes different time‐series lengths, distance ranges, sampling rates, and/or phase lists. MLAAPDE is distinct from other publicly available datasets in containing local (14%), regional (36%), and teleseismic (50%) observations, in which local, regional, and teleseismic distance are 0°–3°, 3°–30°, and 30°+, respectively. A recent version of the dataset is publicly available (see Data and Resources), and user‐specific versions can be generated locally with the accompanying software. MLAAPDE is an NEIC supported, curated, and periodically updated dataset that can contribute to seismological ML research and development.

Publication Year 2023
Title MLAAPDE: A machine learning dataset for determining global earthquake source parameters
DOI 10.1785/0220230021
Authors Hank M. Cole, William L. Yeck, Harley M. Benz
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Seismological Research Letters
Index ID 70252648
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Geologic Hazards Science Center - Seismology / Geomagnetism