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Multivariate analysis relating oil shale geochemical properties to NMR relaxometry

March 10, 2015

Low-field nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) relaxometry has been used to provide insight into shale composition by separating relaxation responses from the various hydrogen-bearing phases present in shales in a noninvasive way. Previous low-field NMR work using solid-echo methods provided qualitative information on organic constituents associated with raw and pyrolyzed oil shale samples, but uncertainty in the interpretation of longitudinal-transverse (T1–T2) relaxometry correlation results indicated further study was required. Qualitative confirmation of peaks attributed to kerogen in oil shale was achieved by comparing T1–Tcorrelation measurements made on oil shale samples to measurements made on kerogen isolated from those shales. Quantitative relationships between T1–T2 correlation data and organic geochemical properties of raw and pyrolyzed oil shales were determined using partial least-squares regression (PLSR). Relaxometry results were also compared to infrared spectra, and the results not only provided further confidence in the organic matter peak interpretations but also confirmed attribution of T1–T2 peaks to clay hydroxyls. In addition, PLSR analysis was applied to correlate relaxometry data to trace element concentrations with good success. The results of this work show that NMR relaxometry measurements using the solid-echo approach produce T1–T2 peak distributions that correlate well with geochemical properties of raw and pyrolyzed oil shales.

Publication Year 2015
Title Multivariate analysis relating oil shale geochemical properties to NMR relaxometry
DOI 10.1021/ef502828k
Authors Justin E. Birdwell, Kathryn E. Washburn
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Energy & Fuels
Index ID 70146556
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Central Energy Resources Science Center