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Nekton community dynamics within active and inactive deltas in a major river estuary: Potential implications for altered hydrology regimes

February 24, 2022

High fisheries production within estuaries is associated with coastal upwelling, tidal mixing, and land-based runoff facing increasing impacts from climate and human activities. Active river deltas receive large riverine inflows compared to inactive river deltas, providing contrasting estuaries to compare impacts of river inflow on estuarine nekton. We quantified nekton assemblages and stable isotopes (δ13C, δ15N) of commercially important blue crab Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, 1896 within an active and inactive delta in coastal Louisiana to explore the impacts of differing riverine inflow. Crustaceans dominated estuarine assemblages, differing only by season and not delta type, with summer and fall supporting highest densities. Fish density and assemblages differed by the interaction of season and delta due to differences during the 2019 record high spring river inflow. During this period, the active delta supported reduced fish densities and richness compared to the inactive delta. Nekton densities across deltas and seasons reflect a combination of species life history characteristics and habitat conditions. The high spring river discharge in 2019 impacted habitat availability (reduced presence of submerged aquatic vegetation), water conditions (decreased temperature and salinity), and potentially displaced nekton to unsampled habitat areas (i.e. interior marsh surface) within the active delta. While differences in nekton density and assemblages were only evident during the high spring river discharge, δ15N values of blue crabs were approximately 1.5 times higher in the active delta, potentially indicating more terrestrial influence. Understanding how altered inflow impacts environmental variables supporting estuarine nekton production remains critical for supporting management within these hydrologically managed regions.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2022
Title Nekton community dynamics within active and inactive deltas in a major river estuary: Potential implications for altered hydrology regimes
DOI 10.3354/ab00748
Authors Caleb B. Taylor, John Andrew Nyman, Megan K. La Peyre
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Aquatic Biology
Series Number
Index ID 70229706
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Coop Res Unit Atlanta