Surprise Valley in northeastern California offers an ideal opportunity to examine the structural setting of a developing extensional basin due to its late Miocene to recent activity in isolation from other major normal fault-bound basins. Seismic velocity and potential field modeling help determine the nature of basin fill and identify intra-basin faults. Based on a detailed gravity and magnetic profile, we identify shallow subsurface basalt flows and several faults within the valley that may accommodate hundreds of meters of vertical offset, possibly cutting and offsetting the ~ 30° east-dipping Surprise Valley fault that rotated during footwall tilting of the adjacent Warner Mountains. Some of these intra-basin faults correspond with mapped Quaternary fault scarps, but others have no surface expression. These faults may represent the currently active fault system within the basin. If so, they would indicate that basin development is transitioning away from the main range-front normal fault to a new set of steep intra-basin faults that are more favorable for accommodating regional transtensional strain.
|Title||The northwestern margin of the Basin and Range province: Part 2: Structural setting of a developing basin from seismic and potential field data|
|Authors||Anne E. Egger, Jonathan M.G. Glen, David A. Ponce|
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|