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Optimizing Landsat Next shortwave infrared bands for crop residue characterization

December 3, 2022

This study focused on optimizing the placement of shortwave infrared (SWIR) bands for pixel-level estimation of fractional crop residue cover (fR) for the upcoming Landsat Next mission. We applied an iterative wavelength shift approach to a database of crop residue field spectra collected in Beltsville, Maryland, USA (n = 916) and computed generalized two- and three-band spectral indices for all wavelength combinations between 2000 and 2350 nm, then used these indices to model field-measured fR. A subset of the full dataset with a Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) < 0.3 threshold (n = 643) was generated to evaluate green vegetation impacts on fR estimation. For the two-band wavelength shift analyses applied to the NDVI < 0.3 dataset, a generalized normalized difference using 2226 nm and 2263 nm bands produced the top fR estimation performance (R2 = 0.8222; RMSE = 0.1296). These findings were similar to the established two-band Shortwave Infrared Normalized Difference Residue Index (SINDRI) (R2 = 0.8145; RMSE = 0.1324). Performance of the two-band generalized normalized difference and SINDRI decreased for the full-NDVI dataset (R2 = 0.5865 and 0.4144, respectively). For the three-band wavelength shift analyses applied to the NDVI < 0.3 dataset, a generalized ratio-based index with a 2031–2085–2216 nm band combination, closely matching established Cellulose Absorption Index (CAI) bands, was top performing (R2 = 0.8397; RMSE = 0.1231). Three-band indices with CAI-type wavelengths maintained top fR estimation performance for the full-NDVI dataset with a 2036–2111–2217 nm band combination (R2 = 0.7581; RMSE = 0.1548). The 2036–2111–2217 nm band combination was also top performing in fR estimation (R2 = 0.8690; RMSE = 0.0970) for an additional analysis assessing combined green vegetation cover and surface moisture effects. Our results indicate that a three-band configuration with band centers and wavelength tolerances of 2036 nm (±5 nm), 2097 nm (±14 nm), and 2214 (±11 nm) would optimize Landsat Next SWIR bands for fR estimation.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2022
Title Optimizing Landsat Next shortwave infrared bands for crop residue characterization
DOI 10.3390/rs14236128
Authors Brian T Lamb, Phillip Dennison, W. Dean Hively, Raymond F. Kokaly, Guy Serbin, Zhuoting Wu, Philip W. Dabney, Jeffery G. Masek, Michael Campbell, Craig S. T. Daughtry
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Remote Sensing
Index ID 70238881
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Lower Mississippi-Gulf Water Science Center