Five integrator sites on streams draining mixed land-use watersheds were sampled monthly from July 2016 to June 2017. Two sites were sampled in the San Joaquin River watershed and one site was sampled in each of the Mokelumne River, Sacramento River, and Ulatis Creek watersheds.
A total of 53 out of 154 pesticides (18 herbicides, 14 insecticides, 13 fungicides, 7 breakdown products, and 1 synergist) were detected in surface-water samples and 95 percent of samples contained mixtures of 2 or more pesticides. The most frequently detected pesticides were the herbicides hexazinone, metolachlor, and diuron (present in 83 percent, 72 percent, and 67 percent of water samples, respectively), the insecticide methoxyfenozide (present in 83 percent of samples), and the fungicides boscalid and azoxystrobin (present in 67 percent and 58 percent of samples, respectively). Pesticide concentrations detected in water samples ranged from below method detection limits to 1,300 nanograms per liter (ng/L) for the insecticide chlorantraniliprole. A total of 4 pesticides (2 herbicides and 2 insecticides) were detected in suspended-sediment samples and 13 percent of suspended-sediment samples contained at least 1 pesticide. Pesticide concentrations detected in suspended-sediment samples ranged from 4.1 to 750 ng/L, both for the herbicide pendimethalin.
Six samples contained the insecticide imidacloprid at concentrations above the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Aquatic Life Benchmark (10 ng/L) for chronic toxicity to aquatic invertebrates. Three samples contained bifenthrin at concentrations above the EPA Aquatic Life Benchmark (1.3 ng/L) for chronic toxicity to invertebrates. One sample contained cyhalothrin at a concentration above the U.S. Aquatic Life Benchmark (3.5 ng/L) for acute toxicity to invertebrates.
|Title||Pesticide mixtures in the Sacramento–San Joaquin Delta, 2016–17: Results from year 2 of the Delta Regional Monitoring Program|
|Authors||Matthew De Parsia, Emily E. Woodward, James L. Orlando, Michelle L. Hladik|
|Publication Subtype||USGS Numbered Series|
|Series Title||Data Series|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||California Water Science Center|