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Radioactive waste storage in the arid zone

October 1, 1974

By the turn of the century, nuclear power may generate more than one-half of the electric energy, and about one-third of the total energy consumed in the United States [Thompson, 1971; Chapman et al., 1972]. By 2020, the total quantity of high-level radioactive wastes (HLW) generated as a byproduct of nuclear fuel reprocessing for such power generation may total about 900,000 m3 as liquid or 70,000 m3 as solid [Gera and Jacobs, 1972]; the radioactivity of long-lived nuclides in the HLW will total about 8.7×1010 Ci [Gera and Jacobs, 1972]. (High-level wastes are defined as wastes containing at least 1 Ci of radioactivity per liter of liquid, or 70 Ci/kg of solid [American Institute of Chemical Engineering, ANSI Standard N5.8-1967]. Wastes from chemical processing of irradiated nuclear fuels typically contain several hundred to several thousand curies per gallon [Fox, 1969].)

Publication Year 1974
Title Radioactive waste storage in the arid zone
DOI 10.1029/EO055i010p00884
Authors Isaac J. Winograd
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Eos Science News
Index ID 70246993
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization National Research Program - Eastern Branch