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Re-Os isotopic evidence for an enriched-mantle source for the Noril'sk-type, ore-bearing intrusions, Siberia

January 1, 1994

Magmatic Cu-Ni sulfide ores and spatially associated ultramafic and mafic rocks from the Noril'sk I, Talnakh, and Kharaelakh intrusions are examined for Re-Os isotopic systematics. Neodymium and lead isotopic data also are reported for the ultramafic and mafic rocks. The Re-Os data for most samples indicate closed-system behavior since the ca. 250 Ma igneous crystallization age of the intrusions. There are small but significant differences in the initial osmium isotopic compositions of samples from the three intrusions. Ores from the Noril'sk I intrusion have γOs values that vary from +0.4 to +8.8, but average +5.8. Ores from the Talnakh intrusion have γOs values that range from +6.7 to +8.2, averaging +7.7. Ores from the Kharaelakh intrusion have γOs values that range from +7.8 to +12.9, with an average value of +10.4. The osmium isotopic compositions of the ore samples from the Main Kharaelakh orebody exhibit minimal overlap with those for the Noril'sk I and Talnakh intrusions, indicating that these Kharaelakh ores were derived from a more radiogenic source of osmium than the other ores. Combined osmium and lead data for major orebodies in the three intrusions plot in three distinct fields, indicating derivation of osmium and lead from at least three isotopically distinct sources. Some of the variation in lead isotopic compositions may be the result of minor lower-crustal contamination. However, in contrast to most other isotopic and trace element data, Os-Pb variations are generally inconsistent with significant crustal contamination or interaction with the subcontinental lithosphere. Thus, the osmium and lead isotopic compositions of these intrusions probably reflect quite closely the compositions of their mantle source, and suggest that these two isotope systems were insensitive to lithospheric interaction. Ultramafic and mafic rocks have osmium and lead isotopic compositions that range only slightly beyond the compositions of the ores. These rocks also have relatively uniform ϵNd values that range only from −0.8 to + 1.1. This limited variation in neodymium isotopic composition may reflect the characteristics of the mantle sources of the rocks, or it may indicate that somehow similar proportions of crust contaminated the parental melts.

The osmium, lead, and neodymium isotopic data for these rocks most closely resemble the mantle sources of certain ocean island basalts (OIB), such as some Hawaiian basalts. Hence, these data are consistent with derivation of primary melts from a mantle source similar to that of some types of hotspot activity. The long-term Re/Os enrichment of this and similar mantle sources, relative to chondritic upper mantle, may reflect

  • 1. incorporation of recycled oceanic crust into the source more than 1 Ga ago,
  • 2. derivation from a mantle plume that originated at the outer core-lower mantle interface, or
  • 3. persistence of primordial stratification of rhenium and osmium in the mantle.
Publication Year 1994
Title Re-Os isotopic evidence for an enriched-mantle source for the Noril'sk-type, ore-bearing intrusions, Siberia
DOI 10.1016/0016-7037(94)90272-0
Authors R.J. Walker, J. W. Morgan, M.F. Horan, G.K. Czamanske, E.J. Krogstad, V.A. Fedorenko, V.E. Kunilov
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Index ID 70017595
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse