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Reaction paths and equilibrium end-points in solid-solution aqueous-solution systems

January 1, 1990

Equations are presented describing equilibrium in binary solid-solution aqueous-solution (SSAS) systems after a dissolution, precipitation, or recrystallization process, as a function of the composition and relative proportion of the initial phases. Equilibrium phase diagrams incorporating the concept of stoichiometric saturation are used to interpret possible reaction paths and to demonstrate relations between stoichiometric saturation, primary saturation, and thermodynamic equilibrium states.

The concept of stoichiometric saturation is found useful in interpreting and putting limits on dissolution pathways, but there currently is no basis for possible application of this concept to the prediction and/ or understanding of precipitation processes.

Previously published dissolution experiments for (Ba, Sr)SO4 and (Sr, Ca)C̈O3orth. solids are interpreted using equilibrium phase diagrams. These studies show that stoichiometric saturation can control, or at least influence, initial congruent dissolution pathways. The results for (Sr, Ca)CO3orth. solids reveal that stoichiometric saturation can also control the initial stages of incongruent dissolution, despite the intrinsic instability of some of the initial solids. In contrast, recrystallisation experiments in the highly soluble KCl-KBr-H2O system demonstrate equilibrium. The excess free energy of mixing calculated for K(Cl, Br) solids is closely modeled by the relation GE = χKBrχKClRT[a0 + a1(2χKBr−1)], where a0 is 1.40 ± 0.02, a1, is −0.08 ± 0.03 at 25°C, and χKBr and χKCl are the mole fractions of KBr and KCl in the solids. The phase diagram constructed using this fit reveals an alyotropic maximum located at χKBr = 0.676 and at a total solubility product, ΣΠ = [K+]([Cl] + [Br]) = 15.35.

Citation Information

Publication Year 1990
Title Reaction paths and equilibrium end-points in solid-solution aqueous-solution systems
DOI 10.1016/0016-7037(90)90317-E
Authors P. D. Glynn, E.J. Reardon, Niel Plummer, E. Busenberg
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
Index ID 70016181
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Toxic Substances Hydrology Program

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