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Simultaneous observations of geoelectric and geomagnetic fields produced by magnetospheric ULF waves

September 23, 2020

Geomagnetic perturbations (BGEO) related to magnetospheric ultralow frequency (ULF) waves induce electric fields within the conductive Earth—geoelectric fields (EGEO)—that in turn drive geomagnetically induced currents. Though numerous past studies have examined ULF wave BGEO from a space weather perspective, few studies have linked ULF waves with EGEO. Using recently available magnetotelluric impedance and EGEO measurements in the contiguous United States, we explore the relationship between ULF waves and EGEO. We use satellite, ground‐based radar, BGEO, and EGEO measurements in a case study of a plasmaspheric virtual resonance (PVR), demonstrating that the PVR EGEO has significant spatial variation in contrast to a relatively uniform BGEO, consistent with spatially varying Earth conductivity. We further show ULF wave EGEO measurements during two moderate storms of ∼1 V/km. We use both results to highlight the need for more research characterizing ULF wave EGEO.

Citation Information

Publication Year 2020
Title Simultaneous observations of geoelectric and geomagnetic fields produced by magnetospheric ULF waves
DOI 10.1029/2020GL089441
Authors M. D. Hartinger, X. R. Shih, G. Lucas, Benjamin Scott Murphy, Anna Kelbert, J.B.H. Baker, E. Joshua Rigler, Paul A. Bedrosian
Publication Type Article
Publication Subtype Journal Article
Series Title Geophysical Research Letters
Series Number
Index ID 70215191
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization Geologic Hazards Science Center