The use of acoustic and other parameters as surrogates for suspended-sediment concentrations (SSC) in rivers has been successful in multiple applications across the Nation. Tools to process and evaluate the data are critical to advancing the operational use of surrogates along with the subsequent development of regression models from which real-time sediment concentrations can be made available to the public. Recent developments in both areas are having an immediate impact on surrogate research and on surrogate monitoring sites currently (2015) in operation.
The Surrogate Analysis and Index Developer (SAID) standalone tool, under development by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), assists in the creation of linear regression models that relate constituent and surrogate parameters by providing visual and quantitative diagnostics to the user. SAID also processes acoustic parameters to be used as explanatory variables for SSC. The sediment acoustic method utilizes acoustic parameters from fixed-mount stationary equipment. The theory and method used by the SAID tool have been described in recent publications. The tool also serves to support sediment-acoustic-index methods and other surrogate guidelines such as turbidity and SSC (Rasmussen and others, 2009).
The regression models created in SAID can be used in utilities that have been developed to work with the USGS National Water Information System (NWIS) and for the USGS National Real-Time Water Quality (NRTWQ) Web site. The real-time dissemination of predicted SSC and prediction intervals for each time step has substantial potential to improve understanding of sediment-related water quality and associated engineering and ecological management decisions.
|Title||Surrogate Analysis and Index Developer (SAID) tool|
|Authors||Marian M. Domanski, Timothy D. Straub, Mark N. Landers|
|Publication Subtype||USGS Numbered Series|
|Series Title||Open-File Report|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Illinois Water Science Center|