Survival and growth of juvenile mussels in an outdoor pond after 28-day laboratory exposure to aqueous zinc
The extent to which effects seen in chronic toxicity studies in the laboratory affect mussel fitness later in life is poorly known. We examined juvenile Fatmucket (Lampsilis siliquoidea) survival and growth for 56 d following exposure to Zn in a laboratory bioassay. We conducted a 28-d chronic toxicity bioassay with 6-wk-old juvenile mussels exposed to a control and two Zn treatments (120 and 240 µg/L). We then transferred surviving mussels into a grow-out pond and monitored their survival and growth for 56 d. Survival and shell length were lower in both Zn treatments than in the control after the 28-d toxicity bioassay. After the 56-d grow-out period, survival did not differ among treatments, but shell length was lower in the 240-µg/L treatment than in the control and mass was lower in both Zn treatments than in the control. Mussel length was lower throughout the experiment in both Zn treatments than in the control, but there was weak support for a difference in the slopes, suggesting that Zn-exposed mussels may fall farther behind in size over time. Persistence of reduced size following Zn exposure could result in delayed sexual maturation and lowered fecundity, which could have long-term population-level effects.
|Survival and growth of juvenile mussels in an outdoor pond after 28-day laboratory exposure to aqueous zinc
|Jeffery A. Steevens, James L. Kunz, Ning Wang, Christopher M. Barnhart, Serena Ciparis
|Freshwater Mollusk Biology and Conservation
|USGS Publications Warehouse
|Columbia Environmental Research Center