The Mt. Doonerak antiform is a northeast-trending, doubly plunging antiform located along the axial part of the central Brooks Range. This antiform is a crustal-scale duplex estimated to have a vertical displacement of ~15 km. The antiform folds the Amawk thrust, which separates relatively less displaced lower plate rocks in a window in the core of the antiform from allochthonous upper plate rocks of the Endicott Mountains allochthon. Because regional geological relations indicate that displacement on the Amawk thrust occurred between early Neocomian and early Albian time, uplift of the antiform is post-early Neocomian in age.
Zircon fission-track data from the Mt. Doonerak antiform suggest -8-12 km of vertical denudation has occurred within the antiform region since -70-65 Ma. whereas apatite fission-track data indicate the antiform has experienced a minimum of -46 km of denudation since late Oligocene time. Following rapid denudation at -24 + 3 Ma, the rocks have experienced continued denudation to present surface conditions at a slower rate.
We conclude from the relative relations and timing that the Mt. Doonerak duplex was constructed in part during the late Oligocene by reactivation of an older duplex formed during the latest Cretaceous to Paleocene. Deformation and uplift of Oligocene age for the axial part of the Brooks Range orogen is anomalously young, but it is the same age as the youngest episode of north-vergent contractional uplift in the northeastern Brooks Range. Because the Mt. Doonerak antiform displays structural characteristics similar to those of antiforms in the northeastern Brooks Range and because both regions experienced simultaneous rapid denudation, we suggest that the Mt. Doonerak antiform formed in response to an episode of contractional deformation that affected both areas in the late Oligocene.
|Title||Tertiary uplift of the Mt. Doonerak antiform, central Brooks Range, Alaska: Apatite fission track evidence from the Trans-Alaska Crustal Transect|
|Authors||P. B. O'Sullivan, Thomas E. Moore, J. M. Murphy|
|Publication Subtype||Journal Article|
|Series Title||Geological Society of America Special Papers|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Geology, Minerals, Energy, and Geophysics Science Center|