The U.S. Geological Survey Energy Resources Program
The United States uses tremendous amounts of geologic energy resources. In 2004 alone, the United States consumed more than 7.4 billion barrels of oil, 21.9 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, and 1.1 billion short tons of coal. Forecasts indicate the Nation's need for energy resources will continue to grow, raising several questions:
How much domestic and foreign petroleum resources are available to meet the growing energy demands of the Nation and world?
Does the United States have coal deposits of sufficient quantity and quality to meet demand over the next century?
What other geologic energy resources can be added to the U.S. energy mix?
How do the occurrence and use of energy resources affect environmental quality and human health?
Unbiased information from robust scientific studies is needed for sound energy policy and resource management decisions addressing these issues. The U.S. Geological Survey Energy Resources Program provides impartial, scientifically robust information to advance the understanding of geologically based energy resources including: petroleum (oil, natural gas, natural gas liquids), coal, gas hydrates, geothermal resources, oil shale, oil sands, uranium, and heavy oil and natural bitumen. This information can be used to contribute to plans for a secure energy future and to facilitate evaluation and responsible use of resources.