This study was undertaken by the U.S. Geological Survey to assess the detectability of landslides in the densely forested and mountainous island of Pohnpei in the Federated States of Micronesia. The study used existing field-observed land-cover changes and landslides visible on Google Earth (GE) images. A limited number of ALOS-2 PALSAR-2 L-band synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images were collected on two adjacent orbit paths before and after an intense rainfall event that affected Pohnpei in mid-March 2018. Similar sets of images were collected in 2019 and 2020. Low coherence throughout the island interior eliminated use of phase-change products, and change analysis identified no landslide features as having formed in 2019 or 2020. The assessment of red-green-blue image composites and application of the log-ratio method to the 2018 ground-range SAR images identified 5 of the 11 landslides observed on the GE images. Visual comparisons of the co-event and post-event coherence image products detected 9 of the 11 landslides observed on the GE images. Combined, the ground-based SAR and interferometric SAR coherence change detections overcame high temporal and spatial decorrelations, identified all but one landslide visible in the GE comparison, and included substantial redundancy. The robustness of the landslide detection indicates that an increased collection frequency of L-band images could support systematic monitoring of land-cover change on Pohnpei at the scale reported in this study.
|Title||Using ALOS-2 synthetic aperture radar (SAR) and interferometric SAR to detect landslides on the mountainous island of Pohnpei, Federated States of Micronesia|
|Authors||Elijah W. Ramsey III, Amina Rangoonwala|
|Publication Subtype||USGS Numbered Series|
|Series Title||Open-File Report|
|Record Source||USGS Publications Warehouse|
|USGS Organization||Wetland and Aquatic Research Center|