Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Volcanic Air Pollution - A Hazard in Hawai'i

January 1, 1997

Noxious sulfur dioxide gas and other pollutants emitted from Kilauea Volcano on the Island of Hawai'i react with oxygen and atmospheric moisture to produce volcanic smog (vog) and acid rain. Vog poses a health hazard by aggravating preexisting respiratory ailments, and acid rain damages crops and can leach lead into household water supplies. The U.S. Geological Survey's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory is closely monitoring gas emissions from Kilauea and working with health professionals and local officials to better understand volcanic air pollution and to enhance public awareness of this hazard.

Publication Year 1997
Title Volcanic Air Pollution - A Hazard in Hawai'i
DOI 10.3133/fs16997
Authors Jeff Sutton, Tamar Elias, James W. Hendley, Peter H. Stauffer
Publication Type Report
Publication Subtype USGS Numbered Series
Series Title Fact Sheet
Series Number 169-97
Index ID fs16997
Record Source USGS Publications Warehouse
USGS Organization U.S. Geological Survey