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New Jersey

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New Jersey is an area of wide industrial diversification and is known as the Crossroads of the East. Products from over 20,000 manufacturers can be delivered overnight to 100 million people. The greatest single industry is chemicals, with New Jersey being one of the foremost research centers in the world. Productive farmland covers about 790,000 acres and about 16.7% of New Jersey's land area.

New Jersey Water Science Center

New Jersey Water Science Center

New Jersey Water

News

Nor'easter
March 1, 2018

USGS field crews are deploying storm-tide and wave sensors today from Maine to Delaware to track and study a Nor’easter forecasted to begin tomorrow.

Alongshore-varying forecasts of barrier island response to sea-level rise
December 12, 2017

A new article combines geomorphological and pre- and post-Hurricane Sandy observations from coastal New Jersey with a morphodynamic model to forecast the response of barrier islands to various rates of sea-level rise and explores the impact of human alterations on forecasted behavior.

Image shows a geologic map of the Lower 48
August 21, 2017

A carbonatite here, a glacial moraine there, a zig-zagging fault or two, even a behemoth of a batholith. The geology of the 50 States is an enormous patchwork of varied forms, beautiful in their variance but challenging to present as a single map.

Filter Total Items: 90
Dry Lake bed in Spruce Run New Jersey
Date Published: June 20, 2018
Status: Archived

100-year drought

If streamflow statistics define what a 100-year flood is, do you think similar statistics could define the opposite event – a 50- or 100-year drought? Certainly it can. And, although a drought doesn't have the immediate and devestating impact that a flood has, it can still have severe effects on the local environment just as a flood does (only it is drawn out over a longer time period). 

Contacts: Thomas Suro
Flooded houses along Union Lake
Date Published: June 20, 2018
Status: Archived

Floods: Recurrence intervals and 100-year floods

Possibly you can remember when a really big rain, be it from a hurricane or a large frontal systme, hit your town. If flood conditions occurred because of the rain then you might have heard the radio or TV weatherman say something like "This storm has resulted in a 100-year flood on Soandso River, which crested at a stage of 20 feet" Obviously, this means that the river reached a peak stage (...

Contacts: Thomas Suro
Tech sampling groundwater next to a table of sensors
Date Published: June 15, 2018
Status: Archived

Ground-water Budgets

Ground-water budgets are commonly used in water-resource studies to gain a better understanding of the groundwater-flow system. The hydrologic cycle in the basin can be represented by a long-term water budget in which inflows are balances by outflows and, thus, no long-term change in storage occurs. The water budget can be evaluated through use of two internal budgets and their corresponding...

Fig.2. Living shoreline structures (oyster castles) in Gandy’s Beach project.
Date Published: June 11, 2018
Status: Active

Collecting Ecological Data and Models of Living Shoreline Restoration Projects

Developing effective living shoreline restoration projects that can withstand hurricanes and storms requires a better understanding of how restoration structures reduce the impact of wave and current energy on marsh edges in estuaries and bays. Without this knowledge, existing living shoreline projects and adaptive management measures are more likely to fail, decreasing the possibility for...

Map of Southern New Jersey with the Upper Maurice Basin Highlighted
Date Published: June 6, 2018
Status: Completed

Upper Maurice River Surficial Aquifer Study

Hydrology of the unconfined aquifer system in the Upper Maurice River Basin and adjacent areas in Gloucester County, New Jersey, 1986-87

Map of Southern New Jersey with Toms River basin highlighted
Date Published: June 6, 2018
Status: Completed

Toms River Surficial Aquifer Study

Hydrology of the unconfined aquifer system, Toms River, Metedeconk River, and Kettle Creek Basins, New Jersey, 1987-90

Map of southern New Jersey with the Forked River basin Highlighted
Date Published: June 6, 2018
Status: Completed

Forked River Surficial Aquifer Study

Hydrology of the unconfined Kirkwood-Cohansey aquifer system, Forked River and Cedar, Oyster, Mill, Westecunk, and Tuckerton Creek Basins and adjacent basins in the southern Ocean County area, New Jersey, 1998-99

Map of Southern New Jersey with the Rancocas Basin highlighted
Date Published: June 6, 2018
Status: Completed

Rancocas Creek Surficial Aquifer Study

Hydrology of the unconfined aquifer system, Rancocas Creek area:  Rancocas, Crosswicks, Assunpink, Assiscunk, Blacks, and Crafts Creek Basins, New Jersey

Map of southern New Jersey with the Salem River basin highlighted
Date Published: June 6, 2018
Status: Completed

Salem River Surficial Aquifer Study

Hydrology of the unconfined aquifer system, Salem River area:  Salem River, Raccoon, Oldmans, Alloway, and Stow Creek Basins, New Jersey, 1993-94

Image of southern New Jersey with the Mullica River Basin Highlighted
Date Published: June 6, 2018
Status: Completed

Mullica River Surficial Aquifer Study

Hydrology of the unconfined aquifer system, Mullica River Basin, New Jersey, 1991-92

Image of Southern New Jersey with the Great Egg Harbor River basin highlighted
Date Published: June 6, 2018
Status: Completed

Great Egg Harbor River Surficial Aquifer Study

Water resources of the unconfined aquifer system of the Great Egg Harbor River basin, New Jersey, 1989-90     

Image of New Jersey with the Maurice River Aquifer highlighted
Date Published: June 6, 2018
Status: Completed

Maurice River Surficial Aquifer Study

Hydrology of the unconfined aquifer system, Maurice River area: Maurice and Cohancey River Basins, New Jersey, 1994-95

Filter Total Items: 61
Water
/data-tools/surface-water-data-new-jersey

USGS Surface-Water Data for New Jersey

Hydrograph of Stoney Brook at Princeton gage
June 20, 2018

Nationally, USGS surface-water data includes more than 850,000 station years of time-series data that describe stream levels, streamflow (discharge), reservoir and lake levels, surface-water quality, and rainfall. The data are collected by automatic recorders and manual field measurements at installations across the Nation.

Real-time Data
/data-tools/groundwater-data-new-jersey

USGS Groundwater Data for New Jersey

Hydrograph of Morrell 1 index well.
June 20, 2018

The Ground-Water database contains ground-water site inventory, ground-water level data, and water-quality data. Additional ground-water information for New Jersey is available at the New Jersey Water Science Center web page. This page includes geologic maps, a description of the aquifers in New Jersey, and references to selected ground-water reports.

Real-time Data
/data-tools/water-quality-data-new-jersey

USGS Water-Quality Data for New Jersey

Hydrograph of Dissolved Oxygen
June 20, 2018

At selected surface-water and ground-water sites, the USGS maintains instruments that continuously record physical and chemical characteristics of the water including pH, specific conductance, temperature, dissolved oxygen, turbidity, and percent dissolved-oxygen saturation. At sites where this information is transmitted automatically, data are available from the real-time data system.

Floods
/data-tools/usgs-swath-network

USGS SWaTH Network

Installing a wave sensor at a SWaTH site
June 20, 2018

SWaTH is a system of flood-hardened, real-time telemetered tide gages, rapid deployment gages, and storm tide sensors deployed in integrated network configurations along the Northeastern Atlantic Coast from North Carolina to Maine.

Water
/data-tools/water-watch-national

Water Watch - National

Outline of the State of New Jersey with USGS Streamflow sites noted
June 19, 2018

WaterWatch is a U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) World Wide Web site that displays maps, graphs, and tables describing real-time, recent, and past streamflow conditions for the United States. 

GIS Data
/data-tools/upper-maurice-river-surficial-aquifer-data-zip

Upper Maurice River Surficial Aquifer Data Zip

Map depicting the basins covered by the Aquifer Mapper
June 13, 2018

Download of the ARC GIS data set for the Upper Maurice River Aquifer

Science Datasets
/data-tools/upper-maurice-river-surficial-aquifer-metadata-zip

Upper Maurice River Surficial Aquifer Metadata Zip

Photo of historic water data reports for New Jersey
June 13, 2018

Download of metadata for the Upper Maurice River Aquifer

GIS Data
/data-tools/forked-river-surficial-aquifer-data-zip

Forked River Surficial Aquifer Data Zip

Map depicting the basins covered by the Aquifer Mapper
June 13, 2018

Download of the ARC GIS data set for the Forked River Aquifer

Science Datasets
/data-tools/forked-river-surficial-aquifer-metadata-zip

Forked River Surficial Aquifer Metadata Zip

Photo of historic water data reports for New Jersey
June 13, 2018

Download of the metadata for the Forked River Aquifer

GIS Data
/data-tools/toms-river-surficial-aquifer-data-zip

Toms River Surficial Aquifer Data Zip

Map depicting the basins covered by the Aquifer Mapper
June 13, 2018

Download of the ARC GIS data set for the Toms River Aquifer

Science Datasets
/data-tools/toms-river-surficial-aquifer-metadata-zip

Toms River Surficial Aquifer Metadata Zip

Photo of historic water data reports for New Jersey
June 13, 2018

Download of metadata for the Toms River Aquifer

GIS Data
/data-tools/rancocas-creek-surficial-aquifer-data-zip

Rancocas Creek Surficial Aquifer Data Zip

Map depicting the basins covered by the Aquifer Mapper
June 13, 2018

Download of ARC GIS data set for the Rancocas Creek Aquifer

Filter Total Items: 10
Image of the National Water Information System Mapper for New Jersey
April 3, 2018

Ambient SWQ Monitiring Network 2018-19 Probabilistic Sites

Image of the National Water Information System Mapper for New Jersey
April 3, 2018

Ambient SWQ Monitoring Network 2015 HUC14 Sites

Image of the National Water Information System Mapper for New Jersey
April 3, 2018

Ambient SWQ Monitoring Network 2016-17 Probabilistic Sites

Image of the National Water Information System Mapper for New Jersey
April 3, 2018

Ambient Surface Water Quality Monitoring Network Fixed Sites

Screen capture of the Flood Inundation Mapper
August 10, 2017

The USGS Flood Inundation Mapping Program (FIM) partners with local communities and other government agencies to develop and validate flood inundation map libraries. Click the title above to visit the USGS FIM website and learn more about available tools. Completed projects are collected on the USGS National Flood Inundation Mapper, brought to you by the USGS Wisconsin Internet Mapping Group (WiM)

Image of the National Water Information System Mapper for New Jersey
July 6, 2017

National Water Information System Web Mapper (NWISWeb Mapper) Provides access to water-resources data collected throughout the state of New Jersey as presented in the form of an interactive map.

Map depicting the basins covered by the Aquifer Mapper
July 6, 2017

The series of surficial aquifer studies were completed to evaluate the unconfined aquifer system of the NJ Coastal Plain for use as a potential source of water. As the demand for water in the State increases and the restrictions continue on the use of water from certain confined aquifers, withdrawals on the unconfined aquifer system are expected to increase.

Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
April 19, 2016

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

USGS Storm-Tide Mapper and Data Services
March 8, 2016

The USGS Storm Tide Mapper is a tool for viewing, analyzing, and accessing storm tide data collected during and after hurricanes and Nor’easters. The USGS Storm Tide Mapper will continue to provide a unified and consistent source of real-time and archived storm-tide data.

Map shows color-coded seafloor character offshore of Monterey, California
March 7, 2016

This portal is a “go to” source for maps related to ocean and coastal mapping. Information is organized by geography or region, by theme, and by the year data was published.

Filter Total Items: 9
Year Published: 2016

An assessment of mercury in estuarine sediment and tissue in Southern New Jersey using public domain data

Mercury (Hg) is considered a contaminant of global concern for coastal environments due to its toxicity, widespread occurrence in sediment, and bioaccumulation in tissue. Coastal New Jersey, USA, is characterized by shallow bays and wetlands that provide critical habitat for wildlife but share space with expanding urban landscapes. This study was...

Ng, Kara; Szabo, Zoltan; Reilly, Pamela A.; Barringer, Julia; Smalling, Kelly L.

Year Published: 2016

Historical files from Federal Government mineral exploration-assistance programs, 1950 to 1974

The Defense Minerals Administration (DMA), Defense Minerals Exploration Administration (DMEA), and Office of Minerals Exploration (OME) mineral exploration programs were active over the period 1950–1974. Under these programs, the Federal Government contributed financial assistance in the exploration for certain strategic and critical minerals. The...

Frank, David G.
Frank, D.G., 2016, Historical files from Federal Government mineral exploration-assistance programs, 1950 to 1974: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1004, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ds1004.

Year Published: 2012

Age, Growth and Reproduction of the Eastern Mudminnow (Umbra pygmaea) at the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, New Jersey.

Umbra pygmaea DeKay (Eastern Mudminnow) is one of four species of Umbridae in North America. There is little published life-history information on the species within its native range, particularly on age, growth, and reproduction. This study focuses on these aspects of the life history of this fish at the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge in...

Panek, Frank; Weis, Judith S.
Age, Growth and Reproduction of the Eastern Mudminnow (Umbra pygmaea) at the Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge, New Jersey.; 2012; Article; Journal; Northeastern Naturalist; Frank Panek; Weis, Judith S.

Year Published: 2012

Mercury in waters, soils, and sediments of the New Jersey Coastal Plain: A comparison of regional distribution and mobility with the mercury contamination at the William J. Hughes Technical Center, Atlantic County, New Jersey

Mercury in soils, surface water, and groundwater at the William J. Hughes Technical Center , Atlantic County, New Jersey, has been found at levels that exceed established background concentrations in Coastal Plain waters, and, in some cases, New Jersey State standards for mercury in various media. As of 2012, it is not known whether this mercury...

Barringer, Julia L.; Szabo, Zoltan; Reilly, Pamela A.
Mercury in waters, soils, and sediments of the New Jersey Coastal Plain: A comparison of regional distribution and mobility with the mercury contamination at the William J. Hughes Technical Center, Atlantic County, New Jersey; 2012; SIR; 2012-5115; Barringer, Julia L.; Szabo, Zoltan; Reilly, Pamela A.

Year Published: 2011

Simulated effects of allocated and projected 2025 withdrawals from the Potomac-Raritan-Magothy aquifer system, Gloucester and Northeastern Salem Counties, New Jersey

Withdrawals from the Potomac-Raritan-Magothy aquifer system in New Jersey, which includes the Upper, Middle, and Lower Potomac-Raritan-Magothy aquifers, are the principal source of groundwater supply in northern Gloucester and northeastern Salem Counties in the New Jersey Coastal Plain. Water levels in these aquifers have declined in response to...

Charles, Emmanuel; Nawyn, John P.; Voronin, Lois M.; Gordon, Alison D.
Simulated effects of allocated and projected 2025 withdrawals from the Potomac-Raritan-Magothy aquifer system, Gloucester and Northeastern Salem Counties, New Jersey; 2011; SIR; 2011-5033; Charles, Emmanuel G.; Nawyn, John P.; Voronin, Lois M.; Gordon, Alison D.

Year Published: 2009

Biochemical indicators for the bioavailability of organic carbon in ground water

The bioavailability of total organic carbon (TOC) was examined in ground water from two hydrologically distinct aquifers using biochemical indicators widely employed in chemical oceanography. Concentrations of total hydrolyzable neutral sugars (THNS), total hydrolyzable amino acids (THAA), and carbon-normalized percentages of TOC present as THNS...

Chapelle, F.H.; Bradley, P.M.; Goode, D.J.; Tiedeman, C.; Lacombe, P.J.; Kaiser, K.; Benner, R.
Biochemical indicators for the bioavailability of organic carbon in ground water; 2009; Article; Journal; Ground Water; Chapelle, F. H.; Bradley, P. M.; Goode, D. J.; Tiedeman, C.; Lacombe, P. J.; Kaiser, K.; Benner, R.

Year Published: 2009

Effect of grain-coating mineralogy on nitrate and sulfate storage in the unsaturated zone

Unsaturated-zone sediments and the chemistry of shallow groundwater underlying a small (???8-km2) watershed were studied to identify the mechanisms responsible for anion storage within the Miocene Bridgeton Formation and weathered Coastal Plain deposits in southern New Jersey. Lower unsaturated-zone sediments and shallow groundwater samples were...

Reilly, T.J.; Fishman, N.S.; Baehr, A.L.
Effect of grain-coating mineralogy on nitrate and sulfate storage in the unsaturated zone; 2009; Article; Journal; Vadose Zone Journal; Reilly, T. J.; Fishman, N. S.; Baehr, A. L.

Year Published: 2009

Late Pleistocene Sea level on the New Jersey Margin: Implications to eustasy and deep-sea temperature

We assembled and dated a late Pleistocene sea-level record based on sequence stratigraphy from the New Jersey margin and compared it with published records from fossil uplifted coral reefs in New Guinea, Barbados, and Araki Island, as well as a composite sea-level estimate from scaling of Red Sea isotopic values. Radiocarbon dates, amino acid...

Wright, J.D.; Sheridan, R.E.; Miller, K.G.; Uptegrove, J.; Cramer, B.S.; Browning, J.V.
Late Pleistocene Sea level on the New Jersey Margin: Implications to eustasy and deep-sea temperature; 2009; Article; Journal; Global and Planetary Change; Wright, J. D.; Sheridan, R. E.; Miller, K. G.; Uptegrove, J.; Cramer, B. S.; Browning, J. V.

Year Published: 2009

Steeply-dipping extension fractures in the Newark basin, New Jersey

Late Triassic and Early Jurassic bedrock in the Newark basin is pervasively fractured as a result of Mesozoic rifting of the east-central North American continental margin. Tectonic rifting imparted systematic sets of steeply-dipping, en ??chelon, Mode I, extension fractures in basin strata including ordinary joints and veins. These fractures are...

Herman, G.C.
Steeply-dipping extension fractures in the Newark basin, New Jersey; 2009; Article; Journal; Journal of Structural Geology; Herman, G. C.

Filter Total Items: 73
June 7, 2018

Beach Haven, NJ Flyover!

USGS Woods Hole Coastal and Marine Science Center personnel aboard Stockton University's R/V Petrel under survey offshore of Beach Haven, NJ in June 2018. The USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program is working to characterize the sea floor and shallow substrate in nearshore waters, using high-resolution geophysical techniques, sediment sampling, and sea-floor photography and videography. The...

May 31, 2018

Jersey Shore Field Work

Deployment of an Edgetech 512i subbottom profiler from the deck of Stockton University's R/V Petrel near Little Egg Inlet, NJ. The USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program is working to characterize the sea floor and shallow substrate in nearshore waters, using high-resolution geophysical techniques, sediment sampling, and sea-floor photography and videography.
 

Map of marsh shoreline change rates for Edwin B Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge
December 31, 2017

Map of Marsh shoreline change rates

Map of Edwin B Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge, N.J., marsh shoreline change rates.

Wintry trees and grasses line New Jersey's Mantua Creek.
December 31, 2017

Wintry trees and grasses line New Jersey's Mantua Creek.

Wintry, leafless trees and tawny grasses provide a natural buffer along the undeveloped banks of New Jersey's Mantua Creek.

September 30, 2017

USGS Hurricane Preparedness

Before a hurricane, USGS Scientists undertake a data collection effort of a grand scale. They install a temporary mobile network of sensors along the coasts to collect additional data on the intensity of storm surge, one of the most dangerous elements of a hurricane. This effort provides critical information that allows various USGS partners and emergency responders to make better informed...

USGS Hydrologist downloading data near the rain gauge
June 20, 2017

Figure 3

USGS Hydrologist Alex Fiore downloading data from the open-canopy rain gauge at Mount Mitchill Scenic Overlook

Scientists collecting smallmouth bass
April 28, 2017

DEP Fish Sampling Lambertville

NJ Department of Environmental Protection scientists collecting smallmouth bass from the Delaware River near Lambertville, NJ.

 

Processing Fish at Echo Lake
April 17, 2017

Fish Processing at Echo Lake

Scientists conducting health assessment on smallmouth bass collected from Echo Lake, NJ.

 

Water Sampling at MacDonald Pond
March 3, 2017

Water Sampling at MacDonald Pond

USGS scientists collect water samples for chemical analysis from an excavated pond in the NJ Pinelands.

 

Neil Ganju and Patrick Dickhudt preparing an oceanographic platform to measure wetland sediment transport in Forsythe NWR, NJ
December 31, 2016

Preparing oceanographic platform in Forsythe NWR, NJ

Neil Ganju (standing) and Patrick Dickhudt preparing an oceanographic platform to measure wetland sediment transport in Forsythe NWR, New Jersey

Browse graphic of Edwin B Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge study area
December 31, 2016

Edwin B Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge study area

Browse graphic of Edwin B Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge study area

Filter Total Items: 47
Nor'easter
March 1, 2018

USGS field crews are deploying storm-tide and wave sensors today from Maine to Delaware to track and study a Nor’easter forecasted to begin tomorrow.

Alongshore-varying forecasts of barrier island response to sea-level rise
December 12, 2017

A new article combines geomorphological and pre- and post-Hurricane Sandy observations from coastal New Jersey with a morphodynamic model to forecast the response of barrier islands to various rates of sea-level rise and explores the impact of human alterations on forecasted behavior.

Image shows a geologic map of the Lower 48
August 21, 2017

A carbonatite here, a glacial moraine there, a zig-zagging fault or two, even a behemoth of a batholith. The geology of the 50 States is an enormous patchwork of varied forms, beautiful in their variance but challenging to present as a single map.

Wintry trees and grasses line New Jersey's Mantua Creek.
February 27, 2017

A USGS analysis of New Jersey water quality trends found levels of total nitrogen and total phosphorus, which fuel algae blooms, declined or stayed the same at most stream sites between the 1970s and 2011. At all sites studied, chlorides from road salt increased over that time.

Scientist collects samples from a temporary wooden platform in a New Jersey salt marsh
January 24, 2017

If coastal salt marshes are like savings accounts, with sediment as the principal, all eight Atlantic and Pacific coast salt marshes studied are "in the red," researchers found.

Photo of a young girl drinking water, which likely originated from groundwater sources. 
January 19, 2017

A regional assessment of untreated groundwater in the combined Valley and Ridge and Piedmont and Blue Ridge aquifers in the eastern United States is now available from the U.S. Geological Survey.

Photo of a young girl drinking water, which likely originated from groundwater sources. 
January 19, 2017

A regional assessment of untreated groundwater in the Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain aquifer system in the eastern United States is now available from the U.S. Geological Survey.

House partly collapsed after flooding in Mantoloking, NJ.
November 17, 2016

USGS researchers ground-truthed Hurricane Sandy's October 2012 storm tides in New Jersey and found northern coastal communities had significantly higher storm tides than southern ones did, though flood damage was widespread in both areas. The findings suggest that some southern New Jersey communities may be underestimating their future flood risks.

USGS: Science for a changing world
September 6, 2016

Threats to groundwater availability and sustainability in the Northern Atlantic Coastal Plain are dependent to a large degree by the type of aquifers used for water supply, according to a new regional assessment by the U.S. Geological Survey.

Image: Methane Seeps along Offshore Virginia
June 16, 2016

Recent scientific work has confirmed the source, composition and origin of methane seeps on the Atlantic Ocean seafloor, discovered in 2012, where scientists never expected them to be.

As US models predicted Hurricane Joaquin washed out a road at Kitty Hawk, NC in 2015.
June 1, 2016

New USGS models help predict storm effects on beaches

As the 2016 hurricane season opens, weather forecasters, emergency managers and coastal residents have access to tools developed by the U.S. Geological Survey that predict, more precisely than ever, where beach erosion and beachfront flooding will take place during hurricanes and other storms.

 

Map of the 48 contiguous states showing Microcystin concentrations
May 31, 2016

First-of-its-kind survey shows that algal toxins are found nationwide