Regions

Hawaii

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 60
Devastation of the coastal city of Banda Aceh, Indonesia, after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami.
Date Published: April 13, 2016

Geologic Hazards and Catastrophic Events

We study the distribution and hazard potential of coastal and submarine events such as earthquakes and submarine landslides and associated tsunami potential, hurricane induced coastal inundation, extreme storms, sea-level rise and oil and gas spills. We also model development to help evaluate and forecast coastal hazard probability and occurrence.

Methane hydrate
Date Published: April 13, 2016

Ocean Resources for America's Needs

Our scientists conduct research studies focused on geologic mapping, sampling and understanding of mineral and energy resources and studies of the geologic setting and processes to inform renewable energy development offshore.

crustose coralline algae
Date Published: April 13, 2016

Coastal and Marine Ecosystem Science

We bring together multidisciplinary expertise focused on developing tools and models to improve understanding of how healthy ecosystems function as well as how they respond to environmental changes and human impacts including ecosystem restoration. Research studies address coral reef, coastal wetland, benthic habitat and groundwater resources.

Mount Rainier seen from Puyallup, Washington
Date Published: March 17, 2016

Volcano Hazards Assessments Help Mitigate Disasters

The Volcano Hazards Program develops long-range volcano hazards assessments. These includes a summary of the specific hazards, their impact areas, and a map showing ground-hazard zones. The assessments are also critical for planning long-term land-use and effective emergency-response measures, especially when a volcano begins to show signs of unrest.

USGS science for a changing world logo
Date Published: March 9, 2016

Pacific Island Ecosystems Research Center

We work with others to provide scientific understanding and technologies needed to support and implement sound management and conservation of our Nation's biological resources in Hawaii and other Pacific island locations.

USGS science for a changing world logo
Date Published: March 9, 2016

Pacific Islands Water Science Center

This center is one of 48 Water Science Centers in the USGS, and its mission is to collect, analyze and disseminate the impartial hydrologic data and information needed to wisely manage water resources for the people of the United States, the State of Hawaii, and other Pacific Islands.

USGS science for a changing world logo
Date Published: March 9, 2016

Salton Sea Science Office

USGS Salton Sea Science Office works closely with Federal, State, local, nongovernmental, and tribal partners, providing information for management actions. This USGS office has a unique charter to serve as an independent liaison between resource managers and the scientific community. In that capacity the the office provides scientific information and evaluations to decision makers who are...

Attribution: Southwest

Invalid Scald ID.

Date Published: March 2, 2016

Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO)

HVO operates monitoring networks, assesses hazards, and issues notifications of volcanic activity and earthquakes in the State of Hawai‘i. HVO scientists conduct fundamental research on volcanic processes and work to educate the communities at risk. HVO is located in Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park on the Island of Hawaii.

Image: Waterfall, Maui, Hawaii
Date Published: November 17, 2015
Status: Active

Webinar: Turning Ecological Stream Classifications into Actionable Science

View this webinar to learn about stream classification efforts in Hawai'i.

Contacts: Ralph Tingley
Thumbnail of a poster which is laid out with photos, images, and text.
Date Published: January 1, 2005
Status: Completed

Mud Damages Hawaiian Coral Reefs

Information about the USGS Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center's research from 2000-2004, on how mud damages hawaiian coral reefs.

Thumbnail of a poster which is laid out with photos, images, and text.
Date Published: January 1, 2004
Status: Completed

Island-hopping Coral Larvae in Hawaii

Information about the USGS Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center's 2003 study on island-hopping coral larvae in Hawaii.

Contacts: Curt Storlazzi
Thumbnail of a poster which is laid out with photos, images, and text.
Date Published: January 1, 2001
Status: Completed

Giant Hawaiian Underwater Landslides

Information about the USGS Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center's studies of giant underwater landslides in 1986 and 1988.

Filter Total Items: 56
Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
April 19, 2016

The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of lidar point clouds (LPC), standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

Fish on seafloor, Offshore Northern California
April 18, 2016

This portal contains U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) video and photography of the seafloor off of coastal California and Massachusetts, and aerial imagery of the coastline along segments of the Gulf of Mexico and mid-Atlantic coasts. These data were collected as part of several USGS Coastal and Marine Geology Program Seafloor Mapping projects and Hurricane and Extreme Storm research.

Orthoimagery of Augusta Ga
April 12, 2016

Orthoimagery data typically are high resolution aerial images that combine the visual attributes of an aerial photograph with the spatial accuracy and reliability of a planimetric map. The National Map offers public domain, 1-meter orthoimagery for the conterminous United States with many urban areas and other locations at 2-foot or finer resolution.

Small Scale Collection USA
April 12, 2016

The National Map offers a collection of small-scale datasets, most of which are at 1:1,000,000. The National Map publishes two data collections at one million-scale: one for Global Map users and one for National Map users. In terms of vector geometry, the lines, points, and areas in these data collections are identical. The difference is in the attributes assigned to these features.

Tephra and gas eruption from Mount St. Helens crater with dome
March 17, 2016

Many volcanoes in the U.S. are monitored by arrays of several instruments that detect subtle movements within the earth and changes in gas and water chemistry. The Volcano Hazards Program streams this data to its Volcano Observatories and makes it available on volcano-specific websites.

Ash-rich plume rises out of Halemaʻumaʻu Crater, Kilauea Volcano Hawaiʻi
March 4, 2016

Volcano-alert notifications are produced by Volcano Observatory scientists based on analysis of data from monitoring networks, direct observations, and satellite sensors. They are issued for both increasing and decreasing volcanic activity and include text about the nature of the unrest or eruption and about potential or current hazards and likely outcomes.

USGS
January 1, 2016

This portion of the data release contains image mosaics generated using digitized 1:24K natural color photographs collected in June 2000 by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Ocean Service (NOS). These four image mosaics have 1.0 meter-per-pixel resolution, and intermittently cover approximately 53 km (33 mi) of shallow, coastal waters along the west, Kona coast,

USGS
January 1, 2016

Ocean surface current results from a physics-based, 3-dimensional coupled ocean-atmosphere numerical model were generated to understand coral larval dispersal patterns in Maui Nui, Hawaii, USA. The model was used to simulate coral larval dispersal patterns from a number of existing State-managed reefs and large tracks of reefs with high coral coverage that might be good candidates for marine-prot

Filter Total Items: 157
Small-scale map of flow field...
September 30, 2015

This small-scale map shows Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow in relation to the eastern part of the Island of Hawai‘i.

Large-scale map with thermal mosaic overlay...
September 11, 2015

This map overlays a georeferenced thermal image mosaic onto a map of the flow field to show the distribution of active and recently active breakouts.

Small-scale map of flow field...
September 11, 2015

This small-scale map shows Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow in relation to the eastern part of the Island of Hawai‘i. 

Satellite image shows June 27th lava flow...
September 2, 2015

This satellite image was captured on Wednesday, September 2, by the Advanced Land Imager instrument onboard NASA's Earth Observing 1 satellite.

Map showing flow field changes...
August 26, 2015

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow field. 

Map showing flow field changes...
August 5, 2015

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Small-scale map of flow field...
August 5, 2015

This small-scale map shows Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow in relation to the eastern part of the Island of Hawai‘i. 

Map with thermal mosaic overlay...
July 23, 2015

This map overlays a georeferenced thermal image mosaic onto the flow field change map to show the distribution of active and recently active breakouts. 

Map showing flow field changes...
July 23, 2015

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Small-scale map of flow field...
July 7, 2015

This small-scale map shows Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow in relation to lower Puna. 

Map showing flow field changes...
July 7, 2015

This map shows recent changes to Kīlauea’s active East Rift Zone lava flow field.

Map with thermal mosaic overlay...
June 30, 2015

This map overlays a georeferenced thermal image mosaic onto the flow field change map to show the distribution of active and recently active breakouts.

Filter Total Items: 107
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2010

Coral Ba/Ca records of sediment input to the fringing reef of the southshore of Moloka'i, Hawai'i over the last several decades

The fringing reef of southern Moloka’i is perceived to be in decline because of land-based pollution. In the absence of historical records of sediment pollution, ratios of coral Ba/Ca were used to test the hypothesis that sedimentation has increased over time. Baseline Ba/Ca ratios co-vary with the abundance of red, terrigenous sediment visible in...

Prouty, N.G.; Field, M.E.; Stock, J.D.; Jupiter, S.D.; McCulloch, M.
Coral Ba/Ca records of sediment input to the fringing reef of the southshore of Moloka'i, Hawai'i over the last several decades; 2010; Article; Journal; Marine Pollution Bulletin; Prouty, N. G.; Field, M. E.; Stock, J. D.; Jupiter, S. D.; McCulloch, M.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2009

A Multitracer Approach to Detecting Wastewater Plumes from Municipal Injection Wells in Nearshore Marine Waters at Kihei and Lahaina, Maui, Hawaii

Municipal wastewater plumes discharging from aquifer to ocean were detected by nearshore wading surveys at Kihei and Lahaina, on the island of Maui in Hawaii. Developed in cooperation with the Hawaii State Department of Health, the survey methodology included instrument trolling to detect submarine groundwater discharge, followed by analysis of...

Hunt, Charles D.; Rosa, Sarah N.
A Multitracer Approach to Detecting Wastewater Plumes from Municipal Injection Wells in Nearshore Marine Waters at Kihei and Lahaina, Maui, Hawaii; 2009; SIR; 2009-5253; Hunt, Charles D. Jr.; Rosa, Sarah N.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2009

Reconnaissance Assessment of the Potential for Roadside Dry Wells to Affect Water Quality on the Island of Hawai'i

The County of Hawai'i Department of Public Works (DPW) uses dry wells to dispose of stormwater runoff from roads. Recently, concern has been raised that water entering the dry wells may transport contaminants to groundwater and affect the quality of receiving waters. The DPW operates 2,052 dry wells. Compiling an inventory of these dry wells and...

Izuka, Scot K.; Senter, Craig A.; Johnson, Adam G.
Reconnaissance Assessment of the Potential for Roadside Dry Wells to Affect Water Quality on the Island of Hawai'i; 2009; SIR; 2009-5249; Izuka, Scot K.; Senter, Craig A.; Johnson, Adam G.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2009

Ecological Assessment of Wadeable Streams on O`ahu, Hawai'i, 2006-2007: A Pilot Study

In 2006-07, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) Pacific Islands Water Science Center (PIWSC), in cooperation with the Hawai'i Department of Health (HDOH), conducted a pilot study as a participant in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (USEPA) Wadeable Streams Assessment (WSA) program. Forty randomly selected sites on perennial streams on O'...

Wolff, Reuben H.; Koch, Linda A.
Ecological Assessment of Wadeable Streams on O`ahu, Hawai'i, 2006-2007: A Pilot Study; 2009; SIR; 2009-5229; Wolff, Reuben H.; Koch, Linda A.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2009

Rainfall, Discharge, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, July 1, 2008, to June 30, 2009 - Halawa Stream Drainage Basin and the H-1 Storm Drain, Oahu, Hawaii

Storm runoff water-quality samples were collected as part of the State of Hawaii Department of Transportation Stormwater Monitoring Program. The program is designed to assess the effects of highway runoff and urban runoff on Halawa Stream, and to assess the effects from the H-1 storm drain on Manoa Stream. For this program, rainfall data were...

Presley, Todd K.; Jamison, Marcael T.J.
Rainfall, Discharge, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, July 1, 2008, to June 30, 2009 - Halawa Stream Drainage Basin and the H-1 Storm Drain, Oahu, Hawaii; 2009; OFR; 2009-1162; Presley, Todd K.; Jamison, Marcael T. J.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2009

An integrated approach to benthic habitat mapping using remote sensing and GIS: An example from the Hawaiian Islands

This chapter documents our effort to map benthic habitats within the KalokoHonokohau National Historic Park, Hawai`i, USA. We produce detailed benthichabitat maps by using a combination of color aerial photography, high-resolution bathymetry, and georeferenced underwater video and still photography. We classify individual habitat polygons using...

Yang, X.; Gibbs, A.E.; Cochran, Susan A.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2008

Suspended-sediment and nutrient loads for Waiakea and Alenaio Streams, Hilo, Hawaii, 2003-2006

Suspended sediment and nutrient samples were collected during wet-weather conditions at three sites on two ephemeral streams in the vicinity of Hilo, Hawaii during March 2004 to March 2006. Two sites were sampled on Waiakea Stream at 80- and 860-foot altitudes during March 2004 to August 2005. One site was sampled on Alenaio Stream at 10-foot...

Presley, Todd K.; Jamison, Marcael T.J.; Nishimoto, Dale C.
Suspended-sediment and nutrient loads for Waiakea and Alenaio Streams, Hilo, Hawaii, 2003-2006; 2008; OFR; 2007-1429; Presley, Todd K.; Jamison, Marcael T. J.; Nishimoto, Dale C.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2008

Ground Water on Tropical Pacific Islands - Understanding a Vital Resource

To a casual observer, tropical Pacific islands seem idyllic. Closer scrutiny reveals that their generally small size makes them particularly vulnerable to economic and environmental stresses imposed by rapidly growing populations, increasing economic development, and global climate change. On these islands, freshwater is one of the most precious...

Tribble, Gordon
Ground Water on Tropical Pacific Islands - Understanding a Vital Resource; 2008; CIR; 1312; Tribble, Gordon

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2008

Ground-Water Availability in the Wailuku Area, Maui, Hawai'i

Most of the public water supply in Maui, Hawai'i, is from a freshwater lens in the Wailuku area of the island. Because of population growth, ground-water withdrawals from wells in this area increased from less than 10 Mgal/d during 1970 to about 23 Mgal/d during 2006. In response to increased withdrawals from the freshwater lens in the Wailuku...

Gingerich, Stephen B.
Ground-Water Availability in the Wailuku Area, Maui, Hawai'i; 2008; SIR; 2008-5236; Gingerich, Stephen B.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2008

The Significance of Accounting Order for Evapotranspiration and Recharge in Monthly and Daily Threshold-Type Water Budgets

Most threshold-type water-budget models account for the loss of water by evapotranspiration before accounting for recharge. Recharge estimates can differ substantially, depending on whether recharge is counted before or after evapotranspiration in the water budget. This disparity is the source of uncertainty and is most pronounced for areas where...

Oki, Delwyn S.
The Significance of Accounting Order for Evapotranspiration and Recharge in Monthly and Daily Threshold-Type Water Budgets; 2008; SIR; 2008-5163; Oki, Delwyn S.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2008

Rainfall, Discharge, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, July 1, 2007, to June 30, 2008; Halawa Stream Drainage Basin and the H-1 Storm Drain, Oahu, Hawaii

Storm runoff water-quality samples were collected as part of the State of Hawaii Department of Transportation Stormwater Monitoring Program. The program is designed to assess the effects of highway runoff and urban runoff on Halawa Stream and to assess the effects from the H-1 storm drain on Manoa Stream. For this program, rainfall data were...

Presley, Todd K.; Jamison, Marcael T.J.; Young, Stacie T.M.
Rainfall, Discharge, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, July 1, 2007, to June 30, 2008; Halawa Stream Drainage Basin and the H-1 Storm Drain, Oahu, Hawaii; 2008; OFR; 2008-1233; Presley, Todd K.; Jamison, Marcael T.J.; Young, Stacie T.M.

Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2008

Effects of the H-3 Highway Stormwater Runoff on the Water Quality of Halawa Stream, Oahu, Hawaii, November 1998 to August 2004

Since November 1998, water-quality data have been collected from the H-3 Highway Storm Drain C, which collects runoff from a 4-mi-long viaduct, and from Halawa Stream on Oahu, Hawaii. From January 2001 to August 2004, data were collected from the storm drain and four stream sites in the Halawa Stream drainage basin as part of the State of Hawaii...

Wolff, Reuben H.; Wong, Michael F.
Effects of the H-3 Highway Stormwater Runoff on the Water Quality of Halawa Stream, Oahu, Hawaii, November 1998 to August 2004; 2008; SIR; 2008-5034; Wolff, Reuben. H.; Wong, Michael F.

Filter Total Items: 1,405
New outcrops make good geology
August 6, 2018

New outcrops make good geology

This aerial view of the western part of Kīlauea Volcano's caldera was taken on August 6, 2018. The down-dropped block is faulted about 120 m (400 feet) below the caldera floor. Many 19th-century lava flows are exposed in the fault scarps. Halema‘uma‘u (not visible) is to the left of this photo.

August 6, 2018

Overflight of Kīlauea Summit

Between mid-May and early August, 2018, the depth of Halema‘uma‘u more than tripled and its diameter more than doubled as magma from Kīlauea's shallow summit reservoir moved into the lower East Rift Zone. Evidence of subsidence is visible in this video, taken during an early morning helicopter overflight on August 6, 2018. Cracks and down-dropped blocks of the caldera 

...
August 6, 2018

Lava Fountaining at Fissure 8

During this morning's overflight, HVO geologists observed low levels of lava fountaining within the fissure 8 spatter cone and crusted lava in the spillway and channel downstream. The significance of this change is not yet clear. Eruptions can wax and wane or pause for days to weeks before returning to high levels of lava discharge. New outbreaks in the area of the active 

...
Hot, molten lava flows slowly into the ocean, and the temperature difference between lava and water is creating steam.
August 5, 2018

Viscous lava hits ocean water

A viscous pāhoehoe flow from Kilauea Volcano, Hawaiʻi , entering the ocean near Isaac Hale Beach Park on the morning of August 5, 2018.

August 3, 2018

Pāhoehoe Breakout

This lava, erupted from fissure 8 on Kīlauea Volcano's lower East Rift Zone, shows classic pāhoehoe behavior. Exposed to the air, the surface of the flow chills to form a thin crust that can be stretched or broken apart, forming pieces of crust that are "subducted" back into the molten interior. The main sound is wind noise, but crackles can also be heard as flakes of

...
fissures were characterized by low eruption rates
July 29, 2018

fissures were characterized by low eruption rates

During the first two weeks of Kīlauea Volcano's 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption, fissures were characterized by low eruption rates and small flows. This was because the erupted lava originated from pockets of cooler, less fluid magma stored in the rift zone. Later fissures erupted hotter, more fluid magma, resulting in higher eruption rates and large, fast-moving lava

...
Feral pigs approach out of the forest, Hilo Hawaii.
July 27, 2018

Feral pigs approach the road next to a forested area in Hilo, Hawaii

A group of feral pigs leaves the forest and approaches the photographer at the side of the road. Many parts of Hilo and Hawaii Island are experiencing increased interaction with feral wildlife.

July 24, 2018

Collapse at Kīlauea (July 24, 2018)

A collapse event occurred at the summit of Kīlauea this morning (July 24, 2018) at 6:41 a.m. HST, releasing energy equivalent to a magnitude-5.3 earthquake, which is similar to that released by previous collapse events. In this video, watch as today's event unfolds from the perspective of HVO's live-stream camera. At 6:41:08 (time stamp at upper left), a small tree along

...
July 21, 2018

Ocean Entry of Lava Near Ahalanui

During HVO's early morning helicopter overflight along the coastline, orange streams of lava were entering the ocean in the vicinity of Ahalanui. Strong trade winds were pushing the white laze plumes inland.

July 14, 2018

July 14, 2018, Kīlauea fissure 8 video captured by UAS

In this July 14, 2018, video captured by the UAS (Unmanned Aircraft Systems) team, lava was erupting from within the 120-foot-high fissure 8 cinder cone built of chilled lava fragments. Lava emerging from the cone was traveling about 13-16 miles per hour, flowing freely over a small set of cascades (rapids) and into a perched channel that was as much as 50 feet above the

...
July 13, 2018

Kīlauea Volcano's summit (DEM)

Since early May 2018, the floor of Halema‘uma‘u Crater has dropped 450 m (about 1480 ft). Extensive cracking and faulting around the crater, along with inward slumping of the crater rim, has more than doubled its diameter. Like a balloon slowly losing air, subsidence occurs because magma in Kīlauea's shallow summit reservoir is moving into the East Rift Zone more rapidly

...
July 12, 2018

Rockfalls and Sounds

Listen to the sounds of rockfalls at Kīlauea Volcano's summit in this short video taken from the northeast rim of the caldera. At 2:42 p.m. HST on July 12, 2018, a collapse/explosion event at Kīlauea's summit released energy equivalent to a magnitude-5.3 earthquake. Rockfalls that occurred in Halema‘uma‘u and along the steep summit caldera walls during the event can be

...
Filter Total Items: 1,019
USGS
January 18, 2019

Due to the lapse in appropriations, USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists are unable to present public lectures as planned.

USGS
January 6, 2019

Due to the lapse in appropriations, USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists are unable to present lectures as planned. 

USGS
December 21, 2018

During the current federal government shutdown, the Volcano Hazard Program and all five U.S. Volcano Observatories will continue to issue updates, warnings, and notifications through the usual channels, including websites, email, and social media. 

thumbnail image of cover of Scientific Investigations Report 2018-5140
October 25, 2018

The U.S. Geological Survey assesses active and potentially active volcanoes in the U.S., focusing on history, hazards and the exposure of people, property and infrastructure to harm during an eruption. The findings are in the newly published 2018 Update to the U.S. Geological Survey National Volcanic Threat Assessment.

USGS
October 9, 2018

Data Release: Volcanic ash leachate and rainwater chemistry from increased 2018 activity of Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaiʻi

thumbnail image of Preliminary summary of Kīlauea Volcano’s 2018 lower East Rift Zone eruption and summit collapse
September 27, 2018

Overview of Kīlauea Volcano's activity from April 30 through September 22, 2018.

Before and after views of a water fall.  First shows light flow of water over the falls, the second shows heavy flow.
August 24, 2018

Editor’s note: This article will be updated online with more information on the USGS response to Hurricane Lane as it becomes available.

Changes at Halemaumau over time...
July 31, 2018

We've compiled some Frequently Asked Questions that address the reasons behind the current activity summit activity and what might happen over the next several months.

USGS
July 19, 2018

Reviews Kīlauea Volcano's ongoing lower East Rift Zone eruption, focusing on the fissure 8 vent, channel, and ocean entry, and describing a credible set of future scenarios and uncertainties, as guide for managing hazards and risks.

USGS
July 18, 2018

A variety of hydrovolcanic explosions may occur as basaltic lava flows into the ocean.

USGS
July 5, 2018

A guide for understanding current activity and hazards at and around the summit of Kīlauea Volcano, summarizing activity from late April through June 29, 2018, and possible future outcomes.

Filter Total Items: 53