Unified Interior Regions

California

The Southwest Region includes California, Nevada, and Arizona. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 412
Date published: August 18, 2020
Status: Active

CoSMoS-Groundwater

The USGS Coastal Storm Modeling System (CoSMoS) team has extensively studied overland flooding and coastal change due to rising seas and storms. Interactions with coastal stakeholders have elucidated another important question; will rising seas also intrude into coastal aquifers and raise groundwater...

Contacts: Patrick Barnard
Date published: August 14, 2020
Status: Completed

2018 USGS-NOAA multibeam bathymetry surveys

Multibeam bathymetric surveys conducted offshore of Oregon and northern California in 2018, a USGS-NOAA partnership

Contacts: Janet Watt
Date published: August 13, 2020
Status: Active

SWATHplus 234kHz

The ITER Systems SWATHplus 234 kHz is an interferometric bathymetric survey tool for surveys in water depths from 1 to 200 meters.

Date published: August 12, 2020
Status: Active

Ecosystems: EXPRESS

The continental shelf and slope offshore California, Oregon, and Washington are home to deep-sea corals, chemosynthetic communities, and other sensitive habitats that could be impacted by the development of energy and mineral resources. The EXPRESS campaign will map and...

Date published: August 5, 2020
Status: Active

Evaluating the effects of wastewater-derived nutrients on phytoplankton abundance and community structure in the San Francisco Estuary and Delta

Planned upgrades to the Sacramento Regional wastewater treatment plant (SRWTP) will substantially reduce nutrient discharge and also alter the types and amounts of nutrients being distributed across the San Francisco Delta and Estuary (Delta).

One highly anticipated outcome of lower nutrients is improved productivity in the phytoplankton communities that supply aquatic food webs, which...

Date published: August 3, 2020
Status: Active

Underwater Landslides off Southern California

An earthquake can trigger a landslide along the ocean floor, which can then set off a tsunami. Without modern, high-resolution imaging of the seafloor, many historical slides and threats from future slides remain undetected.

Contacts: Jared Kluesner
Date published: July 27, 2020
Status: Active

Seafloor Faults off Southern California

More than 22 million people live along Southern California’s coast, and many more migrate there every year. Faults and earthquake threats in this region have been heavily studied on land. USGS aims to boost our knowledge about faults on the seafloor, so they can be included in hazard assessments.

Contacts: Danny Brothers
Date published: July 6, 2020
Status: Active

Rossfelder vibracorer

USGS uses the vibracorer is best in locations where the seafloor, lakebed, bay-floor, or river-bottom sediment is unconsolidated and waterlogged.

Date published: June 30, 2020
Status: Active

Hydrogeological Evaluation of the Edwards Air Force Base Air Force Research Laboratory Area and the North Muroc Groundwater Subbasin, Antelope Valley, California

In cooperation with Air Force Civil Engineer Center (AFCEC), the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) is evaluating the hydrogeology of the Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL) and Site 25 areas of Edwards Air Force Base (EAFB) and the adjacent North-Muroc groundwater subbasin to help determine regional groundwater movement and the possible long-term movement and pathways of contaminated...

Contacts: Nicole C Fenton
Date published: June 23, 2020
Status: Active

Hazards: EXPRESS

Marine geohazards including earthquakes, landslides, and tsunamis lie offshore of densely populated areas of California, Oregon, and Washington. One goal of EXPRESS is to improve assessments of these hazards.

Date published: June 23, 2020
Status: Active

Resources: EXPRESS

Along the U.S. west coast, the Pacific Ocean, ocean floor, and winds above contain potentially vast energy and mineral resources. Developing these resources safely and wisely requires detailed information for each area of interest. One goal of EXPRESS is to inform ocean...

Date published: June 11, 2020
Status: Active

PCMSC vessel San Lorenzo

Above, the view through the windshield of San Lorenzo reveals a perfect work day on the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta near Rio Vista, California.

Filter Total Items: 533
Date published: May 4, 2020

Coastal Storm Modeling System (CoSMoS) for Central California, v3.1

This dataset contains spatial projections of coastal cliff retreat (and associated uncertainty) for future scenarios of sea-level rise (SLR) in Central California. Present-day cliff-edge positions used as the baseline for projections are also included. Projections were made using numerical models and field observations as part of Coastal Storm Modeling System (CoSMoS). Read metadata carefully...

Date published: May 4, 2020

Coastal Storm Modeling System (CoSMoS)

CoSMoS makes detailed predictions over large geographic scales of storm-induced coastal flooding and erosion for both current and future SLR scenarios, as well as long-term shoreline change and cliff retreat. Several versions of CoSMoS have been implemented for areas of the California coast, including Southern California, Central California, and San Francisco Bay.

Date published: May 4, 2020

CoSMoS (Coastal Storm Modeling System) Central California v3.1 ocean-currents projections: 20-year storm in Santa Cruz County

This data contains maximum model-derived ocean currents (in meters per second) for the sea-level rise (SLR) and storm condition indicated.
The Coastal Storm Modeling System (CoSMoS) makes detailed predictions (meter-scale) over large geographic scales (100s of kilometers) of storm-induced coastal flooding and erosion for both current and future sea-level rise (SLR) scen

Date published: May 4, 2020

CoSMoS (Coastal Storm Modeling System) Central California v3.1 wave-hazard projections: average conditions in Santa Cruz County

This data contains maximum model-derived significant wave height (in meters) for the sea-level rise (SLR) and storm condition indicated.
The Coastal Storm Modeling System (CoSMoS) makes detailed predictions (meter-scale) over large geographic scales (100s of kilometers) of storm-induced coastal flooding and erosion for both current and future sea-level rise (SLR) scenar

Date published: May 4, 2020

CoSMoS (Coastal Storm Modeling System) Central California v3.1 water-level projections: average conditions in Santa Cruz County

This data contains model-derived total water levels (in meters) for the sea-level rise (SLR) and storm condition indicated.
The Coastal Storm Modeling System (CoSMoS) makes detailed predictions (meter-scale) over large geographic scales (100s of kilometers) of storm-induced coastal flooding and erosion for both current and future sea-level rise (SLR) scenarios. Projecti

Date published: May 4, 2020

CoSMoS (Coastal Storm Modeling System) Central California v3.1 flood depth and duration projections: 100-year storm in Santa Cruz County

This data contains maximum depth of flooding (cm) in the region landward of the present-day shoreline for the sea-level rise (SLR) and storm condition indicated.
The Coastal Storm Modeling System (CoSMoS) makes detailed predictions (meter-scale) over large geographic scales (100s of kilometers) of storm-induced coastal flooding and erosion for both current and future sea-le

Date published: May 4, 2020

CoSMoS (Coastal Storm Modeling System) Central California v3.1 water-level projections: 1-year storm in Santa Cruz County

This data contains model-derived total water levels (in meters) for the sea-level rise (SLR) and storm condition indicated.
The Coastal Storm Modeling System (CoSMoS) makes detailed predictions (meter-scale) over large geographic scales (100s of kilometers) of storm-induced coastal flooding and erosion for both current and future sea-level rise (SLR) scenarios. Projecti

Date published: May 4, 2020

CoSMoS (Coastal Storm Modeling System) Central California v3.1 wave-hazard projections: 1-year storm in Santa Cruz County

This data contains maximum model-derived significant wave height (in meters) for the sea-level rise (SLR) and storm condition indicated.
The Coastal Storm Modeling System (CoSMoS) makes detailed predictions (meter-scale) over large geographic scales (100s of kilometers) of storm-induced coastal flooding and erosion for both current and future sea-level rise (SLR) scenar

Date published: May 4, 2020

CoSMoS (Coastal Storm Modeling System) Central California v3.1 ocean-currents projections: 1-year storm in Santa Cruz County

This data contains maximum model-derived ocean currents (in meters per second) for the sea-level rise (SLR) and storm condition indicated.
The Coastal Storm Modeling System (CoSMoS) makes detailed predictions (meter-scale) over large geographic scales (100s of kilometers) of storm-induced coastal flooding and erosion for both current and future sea-level rise (SLR) scen

Date published: May 4, 2020

CoSMoS (Coastal Storm Modeling System) Central California v3.1 flood-hazard projections: 100-year storm in Santa Cruz County

This data contains geographic extents of projected coastal flooding, low-lying vulnerable areas, and maximum/minimum flood potential (flood uncertainty) associated with the sea-level rise (SLR) and storm condition indicated.
The Coastal Storm Modeling System (CoSMoS) makes detailed predictions (meter-scale) over large geographic scales (100s of kilometers) of storm-ind

Date published: May 4, 2020

CoSMoS (Coastal Storm Modeling System) Central California v3.1 flood-hazard projections: 1-year storm in Santa Cruz County

This data contains geographic extents of projected coastal flooding, low-lying vulnerable areas, and maximum/minimum flood potential (flood uncertainty) associated with the sea-level rise (SLR) and storm condition indicated.
The Coastal Storm Modeling System (CoSMoS) makes detailed predictions (meter-scale) over large geographic scales (100s of kilometers) of storm-ind

Date published: May 4, 2020

CoSMoS (Coastal Storm Modeling System) Central California v3.1 ocean-currents projections: 100-year storm in Santa Cruz County

This data contains maximum model-derived ocean currents (in meters per second) for the sea-level rise (SLR) and storm condition indicated.
The Coastal Storm Modeling System (CoSMoS) makes detailed predictions (meter-scale) over large geographic scales (100s of kilometers) of storm-induced coastal flooding and erosion for both current and future sea-level rise (SLR) scen

Filter Total Items: 382
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Year Published: 2019

Taking the pulse of debris flows: Extracting debris-flow dynamics from good vibrations in southern California and central Colorado

The destructive nature of debris flows makes it difficult to quantify flow dynamics with direct instrumentation. For this reason, seismic sensors placed safely away from the flow path are often used to identify the timing and speed of debris flows. While seismic sensors have proven to be a valuable tool for event detection and early warning, their...

Michel, A.; Kean, Jason W.; Smith, Joel B.; Allstadt, Kate E.; Coe, Jeffrey A.
Michel, A., Kean, J.W., Smith, J.B., Allstadt, K., and Coe, J.A. (2019), Taking the pulse of debris flows: extracting debris-flow dynamics from good vibrations in southern California and central Colorado, in Debris-Flow Hazards Mitigation: Mechanics, Monitoring, Modeling, and Assessment, edited by Kean, J.W., Coe, J.A., Santi, P.M., and Guillen, B.K., Association of Environmental and Engineering Geologists, Special Publication #28, p. 154-161.

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Year Published: 2019

Inundation, flow dynamics, and damage in the 9 January 2018 Montecito Debris-Flow Event, California, USA: Opportunities and challenges for post-wildfire risk assessment

Shortly before the beginning of the winter rainy season, one of the largest fires in California history (Thomas Fire) substantially increased the susceptibility of steep slopes in Santa Barbara and Ventura Counties to debris flows. On January 9, 2018, before the fire was fully contained, an intense burst of rain fell on the portion of the burn...

Kean, Jason W.; Staley, Dennis M.; Lancaster, Jeremy T.; Rengers, Francis K.; Swanson, Brian J.; Coe, Jeffrey A.; Hernandez, Janis; Sigman, Aaron; Allstadt, Kate E.; Lindsay, Donald N.

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Year Published: 2019

Ground-motion residuals, path effects, and crustal properties: A pilot study in southern California

To improve models of ground motion estimation and probabilistic seismic hazard analyses, the engineering seismology field is moving toward developing fully nonergodic ground motion models, models specific for individual source‐to‐site paths. Previous work on this topic has examined systematic variations in ground‐motion along particular paths (...

Sahakian, Valerie J.; Baltay, Annemarie S.; Hanks, Thomas C.; Bueler, Janine; Vernon, Frank; Kilb, Deborah L.; Abrahamson, Norm A.
Sahakian, V. J., Baltay, A., Hanks, T. C., Buehler, J., Vernon, F. L., Kilb, D., & Abrahamson, N. A. ( 2019). Ground motion residuals, path effects, and crustal properties: A pilot study in Southern California. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 124, 5738– 5753. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JB016796

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Year Published: 2019

A revised continuous surface elevation model for modeling

A digital elevation model (DEM) is an essential component of any hydrodynamic model. The Delta Modeling Section (Section) has maintained a database of bathymetry soundings and levee surveys for decades and published a 10-meter (10m) DEM for the San Francisco Bay and Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta (Delta) (California Department of Water Resources...

Wang, Rueen-Fang; Ateljevich, Eli; Fregoso, Theresa A.; Jaffe, Bruce E.

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Year Published: 2019

Discovery of an extensive deep-sea fossil serpulid reef associated with a cold seep, Santa Monica Basin, California

Multi-beam mapping of the Santa Monica Basin in the eastern Pacific has revealed the existence of a number of elevated bathymetric features, or mounds, harboring cold seep communities. During 2013-2014, mounds at ~600 m water depth were observed for the first time and sampled by Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute’s ROV Doc Ricketts. Active...

Georgieva, Magdalena N; Paull, Charles K.; Little, Crispin TS; McGann, Mary; Sahy, Diana; Condon, Daniel; Lundsten, Lonny; Pewsey, Jack; Caress, David W; Vrijenhoek, Robert C
Georgieva, M.N., Paull, C.K., Little, C.T.S., McGann, M., Sahy, D., Condon, D., Lundsten, L., Pewsey, J., Caress, D.W., and Vrijenhoek, R.C., 2019, Discovery of an extensive deep-sea fossil serpulid reef associated with a cold seep, Santa Monica Basin, California: Frontiers in Marine Science, https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00115.

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Year Published: 2019

Characterizing the catastrophic 2017 Mud Creek Landslide, California, using repeat Structure-from-Motion (SfM) photogrammetry

Along the rugged coast of Big Sur, California, the Mud Creek landslide failed catastrophically on May 20, 2017 and destroyed over 400 m of scenic California State Highway 1. We collected structure-from-motion (SfM) photogrammetry data using airborne platforms that, when combined with existing airborne lidar data, revealed that the area exhibited...

Warrick, Jonathan; Ritchie, Andrew C.; Reid, Mark E.; Schmidt, Kevin M.; Logan, Joshua B.

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Year Published: 2019

Slough evolution and legacy mercury remobilization induced by wetland restoration in South San Francisco Bay

Coastal wetlands have a long history of degradation and destruction due to human development. Now recognized as one of the most productive ecosystems in the world, substantial efforts are being made to restore this critical habitat. While wetland restoration efforts are generally viewed as beneficial in terms of providing wildlife habitat and...

Foxgrover, Amy C.; Marvin-DiPasquale, Mark C.; Jaffe, Bruce E.; Fregoso, Theresa A.

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Year Published: 2019

The Santa Cruz Basin submarine landslide complex, southern California: Repeated failure of uplifted basin sediment

The Santa Cruz Basin (SCB) is one of several fault-bounded basins within the California Continental Borderland that has drawn interest over the years for its role in the tectonic evolution of the region, but also because it contains a record of a variety of modes of sedimentary mass transport (i.e., open slope vs. canyon-confined systems). Here,...

Brothers, Daniel S.; Maier, Katherine L.; Kluesner, Jared W.; Conrad, James E.; Chaytor, Jason
Brothers, D.S., Maier, K.L., Kluesner, J.W., and Conrad, J.E., 2018, The Santa Cruz Basin submarine landslide complex, southern California--Repeated failure of uplifted basin sediment; in From the Mountains to the Abyss--The California Borderland as an archive of southern California geologic evolution: Society for Sedimentary Geology, Special Publication No. 110, https://doi.org/10.2110/sepmsp.110.05

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Year Published: 2019

Mapping protected groundwater adjacent to oil and gas fields, San Joaquin Valley, California

Airborne electromagnetic (AEM) surveys are a major component of a regional study of groundwater quality adjacent to oil and gas fields in the San Joaquin Valley of California, USA. AEM resistivity models are being used to delineate groundwater salinity in an effort to locate groundwater adjacent to oil and gas fields that could have future...

Ball, Lyndsay B.; Gillespie, Janice M.; Minsley, Burke; Davis, Tracy; Landon, Matthew K.

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Year Published: 2018

Quantifying post-wildfire hillslope erosion with lidar

Following a wildfire, flooding and debris- flow hazards are common and pose a threat to human life and infrastructure in steep burned terrain. Wildfire enhances both water runoff and soil erosion, which ultimately shape the debris flow potential. The erosional processes that route excess sediment from hillslopes to debris-flow channels in...

Rengers, Francis K.; McGuire, Luke

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Year Published: 2018

Application of the Stream Salmonid Simulator (S3) to the restoration reach of the Trinity River, California—Parameterization and calibration

Executive SummaryIn this report, we constructed and parameterized the Stream Salmonid Simulator (S3) for the 64-kilometer “Restoration Reach” of the Trinity River, just downstream of Lewiston Dam in northern California. S3 is a deterministic life-stage-structured population model that tracks daily growth, movement, and survival of juvenile salmon...

Perry, Russell W.; Jones, Edward C.; Plumb, John M.; Som, Nicholas A.; Hetrick, Nicholas J.; Hardy, Thomas B.; Polos, Joseph C; Martin, Aaron C.; Alvarez, Justin S.; De Juilio, Kyle P.
Perry, R.W., Jones, E.C., Plumb, J.M., Som, N.A., Hetrick, N.J., Hardy, T.B., Polos, J.C., Martin, A.C., Alvarez, J.S., and De Juilio, K.P., 2018, Application of the Stream Salmonid Simulator (S3) to the restoration reach of the Trinity River, California—Parameterization and calibration: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2018-1174, 64 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20181174.

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Year Published: 2018

Modeling morphodynamic development in the Alviso Slough system, South San Francisco Bay, California

Alviso Slough area, South San Francisco Bay, California, is the site of an ongoing effort to restore former salt production ponds to intertidal habitat. As restoration proceeds and the levees surrounding the former salt production ponds are breached, the increase in tidal prism and associated sediment scour in the sloughs will remobilize legacy...

Van der Wegen, Mick; Reyes, Johan; Jaffe, Bruce; Foxgrover, Amy

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A structure made of wooden pilings with a platform around the top stands in water with fog and hills in the far background.
January 22, 2020

Grizzly Bay dolphin with weather station installed on top

A structure called a dolphin, permanently affixed in the sediment, stands in Grizzly Bay near San Francisco, CA, with a weather station installed on top. The USGS will use the data from the weather station in conjunction with other oceanographic data, in their studies of sediment movement in the bay.

A nondescript white instrument box sits up high atop piers in the water with cables and a small solar panel.
January 22, 2020

Weather station power supply and modem

A weather station, installed in the middle of Grizzly Bay east of San Pablo Bay (near San Francisco), gets its power from a small solar panel. Data collected from the station is transmitted via a wireless modem. Far in the background is the city of Benicia, and the plume rising into the sky is water vapor emitted from the Benicia oil refinery.

A boat floats on calm waters with some people sitting in it.
January 22, 2020

Sampling on Grizzly Bay

On PCMSC vessel Jewell, a team of USGS scientists sit in Grizzly Bay, a baylet of San Francisco Bay in Solano County, California. USGS collects sediment samples to study how sediment moves through sensitive coastal environments like this.

A photograph shows a boat sitting at a dock, with tall grasses in the foreground and the setting sun in the distance.
January 22, 2020

Preparing for a day of sampling on Grizzly Bay

Scientists from the USGS Pacific Coastal and Marine Science Center in their vessel jewell, docked at Belden's Landing Water Access Facility on Montezuma Slough. They are preparing for a day of sampling on Grizzly Bay, where they study how sediment moves through sensitive coastal environments.

People sit in a small boat floating the water, preparing a sampling device to collect sediment from the bottom of the water.
January 22, 2020

Preparing the GOMEX on Grizzly Bay

From left to right, USGS scientists Sam McGill, Lucas WinklerPrins, David Hart, Selina Davila Olivera, and Pete Dal Ferro work on Grizzly Bay on the vessel Jewell, to collect sediment samples using the GOMEX box corer.

Illustration of a bay and delta region with different colors to depict varying depths of water.
January 17, 2020

Bathymetric map of the northern portion of San Francisco Bay (MLLW)

Digital elevation model (DEM) of northern San Francisco Bay, California, created using bathymetry data collected between 1999 and 2016 (MLLW)

Photo of a rugged coastline with bluffs, gentle waves, and rocks jutting out from the sand.
January 16, 2020

California coastline

The U.S. west coast is an area of complex coastal geography. This photograph depicts several examples of geological features along the California coastline that are shaped by varied coastal processes. The gently sloping beach, stark bluffs, and presence of smooth rocks suggests that the coastal processes shaping this coastline are complex.

Photo of a coastline where sections of bluff have eroded into a network of small gullies in a dendritic pattern.
January 16, 2020

California coastal erosion

This region of the California coastline is lined with coastal bluffs that have been shaped not only by runoff from rain, but also by wave- and wind-driven erosion. This photo from Pescadero State Beach displays an example of a bluff undergoing erosional processes. Water from the ocean, delivered in waves, can overtop some of these coastal bluffs. As water runs off the

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constructed wetland montage
December 31, 2019

A seasonal wetland engineered to have a deeper and shallow pool

A three year study was conducted in seasonal wetlands to determine if a deep and shallow water pool resulted in a reduction of methylmercury in caged fish and surface water.

map of Indian Wells Valley displaying subbasin boundaries and shaded by recharge in mm/year
December 31, 2019

Natural Recharge (1981 - 2010), Indian Wells Valley, CA

The USGS California Basin Characterization Model (BCM) was used to understand the rate and amounts of natural groundwater recharge in the Indian Wells Valley and to refine historical estimates of groundwater recharge in the valley. Results from this study provide validation of recharge estimates

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Illustration helps visualize the seafloor character showing canyons and and the rivers that form them.
December 31, 2019

Southern Cascadia topography and bathymetry

Topography and bathymetry of southern Cascadia, which includes southern Oregon and northern California (seafloor depths between 200 and 3000 m are shown in the spectrum color scale from red (shallower) to purple (deeper). The land and continental shelf are shown in grayscale slope shading where darker colors represent steeper slopes. Green lines are locations of known

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Photograph of a building in the distance with a flagpole in front of it, trees, cars parked, and grassy lawn in the foreground.
December 27, 2019

USGS Menlo Park campus

Building 3 on the USGS Western Region campus in Menlo Park, California.

Filter Total Items: 963
person on a gravel road along side a row of wind turbines
March 13, 2020

A comprehensive analysis of how renewable energy facilities affect wildlife could inform efforts to predict and reduce these impacts. A team of researchers was asked to gain a better understanding of the actual environmental impacts of renewable energy generation on sensitive species and habitats in California. 

Map of San Antonio Reservoir and Watershed, California
January 23, 2020

In two recent publications, California Water Science Center scientists discuss their research using acoustic and optic technology to measure the quantity and movement of sediment in rivers and reservoirs.

two women making measurements of a rupture in the ground surface
January 23, 2020

The 2019 Ridgecrest earthquake sequence, which startled nearby California residents over the 4 July holiday with magnitude 6.4 and magnitude 7.1 earthquakes, included 34,091 earthquakes overall, detailed in a high-resolution catalog created for the sequence.

Read SSA News Release

Satellite imagery of the December 2019 low flying survey looking at geology, hydrology and natural resources of the region
December 5, 2019

For about two months, starting around December 7, 2019, an airplane operated under contract to the USGS will be making low-level flights over parts of the eastern Mojave Desert.

Dr. Barnard
December 5, 2019

Briefing held on science and policy initiatives that are helping protect West Coast ecosystems and communities from erosion, sea level rise, and other coastal hazards.

USGS scientist Nancy Prouty collects deep-sea water samples as part of the EXPRESS 2019 expedition
October 30, 2019

Keep up to speed with the latest USGS deep-sea research cruise with this seafloor syntax.

A crowd of about 20 people stand facing a ship docked along a pier.
October 21, 2019

Expanding Pacific Research and Exploration of Submerged Systems (EXPRESS) Expedition Team Hosts National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), USGS, and Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) Leadership on October 21, 2019, in San Francisco

gray-scale map of San Francisco Bay area
October 17, 2019

Today, the U.S. Geological Survey and the State of California pressed the “go” button to allow the first-ever statewide public testing of the California Early Earthquake Warning System, which is powered by USGS’s earthquake early warning alerts, called ShakeAlerts.

vertical timeline with text bullets
October 17, 2019

How will ShakeAlert® likely perform now on a large earthquake impacting a major urban area? How much warning will you get? To answer this, let’s do a thought experiment...

Read the new Science for Everyone article at What if the ShakeAlert Earthquake Early Warning System Had Been Operating During the M6.9 1989 Loma Prieta Earthquake?

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