Unified Interior Regions

Florida

World class scientists working in Southeast Region Science Centers help our partners understand and manage complex issues including competition for limited water resources, coastal hazards, mineral and energy resource extraction, degraded ecosystems, vector-borne diseases, rapidly changing land use, and response to climate change.

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World class scientists working in Southeast Region Science Centers help our partners understand and manage complex issues including competition for limited water resources, coastal hazards, mineral and energy resource extraction, degraded ecosystems, vector-borne diseases, rapidly changing land use, and response to climate change.

News

September 16, 2021

Special Issue on Reducing Flood Risk by Restoring Coral Reefs

In this special issue, explore the benefits provided by coral reefs off Florida and Puerto Rico - including flood risk reduction and protection for people, property, and natural resources. A new series of USGS reports demonstrates how the restoration of coral reefs can save hundreds of millions of dollars in storm-related damages every year.

Date published: September 16, 2021

Landsat Enables Mapping of Fire Histories Across Florida

Wildfires tend to dominate headlines. Prescribed burns, also known as controlled burns, get less attention, but they’re certainly not uncommon—especially in the Southeast.

Date published: September 7, 2021

Reducing Flood Risks by Restoring Coral Reefs

Healthy coral reefs are more than just hotspots of marine biodiversity—they’re also invaluable to long-term resilience against coastal storms.

Filter Total Items: 184
Date published: September 30, 2021
Status: Active

Remote Sensing Coastal Change

We use remote-sensing technologies—such as aerial photography, satellite imagery, structure-from-motion (SfM) photogrammetry, and lidar (laser-based surveying)—to measure coastal change along U.S. shorelines.

Date published: September 22, 2021
Status: Active

Across Trophic Level System Simulation (ATLSS) Program for the Greater Everglades

Goals of the ATLSS Program are to help achieve a better understanding of components of the Everglades ecosystem, to provide an integrative tool for empirical studies, and to apply these tools to an adaptive management framework.

Contacts: Don DeAngelis, Ph.D., Simeon Yurek, Ph.D., Michelle E. Afkhami, Robert D. Holt
Date published: September 22, 2021
Status: Active

Understanding Greater Everglades Mammal Communities within and adjacent to the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge

WARC Researchers are using a variety of methods to assess mammal communities across the Greater Everglades.

Date published: September 20, 2021
Status: Completed

Biological Objectives for the Gulf Coast: Biological Planning Units & Target Species Population Objectives

The USGS partnered with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and its conservation partners to develop 16 Biological Planning Units (BPU) and six Aquatic Extensions and compile population objectives for 166 species that are representative...

Date published: September 20, 2021
Status: Completed

Strategic Habitat Conservation for Gulf Sturgeon

WARC researchers partnered with Gulf Sturgeon decision makers and biologists to develop a Bayesian network model that uses habitat characteristics to predict the quantity of juvenile winter foraging habitat under alternative river discharge and timing of juvenile arrival scenarios.

Date published: September 17, 2021
Status: Active

Strategic Habitat Conservation for Brown Pelican

WARC researchers partnered with managers and species experts to develop a Bayesian network model and a geospatial habitat characteristics dataset to predict the number of Brown Pelican breeding pairs on islands in the northern Gulf of Mexico.

Date published: September 17, 2021
Status: Active

Strategic Habitat Conservation for Black Skimmer and Gull-billed Tern

WARC researchers partnered with managers and species experts to develop a Bayesian network model and a geospatial habitat characteristics dataset to predict the number of breeding pairs of Black Skimmer and Gull-billed Tern along the northern Gulf of Mexico.

Date published: September 7, 2021
Status: Active

Quantifying Flood Risk and Reef Risk Reduction Benefits in Florida and Puerto Rico: The Consequences of Hurricane Damage, Long-term Degradation, and Restoration Opportunities

Coastal flooding and erosion from extreme weather events affect thousands of vulnerable coastal communities; the impacts of coastal flooding are predicted to worsen during this century because of population growth and climate change. Hurricanes Irma and Maria in 2017 were particularly devasting to humans and natural communities. The coral reefs off the State of Florida and the Commonwealth of...

Contacts: Curt Storlazzi, PhD, Michael Beck, Borja Reguero, Shay Viehman, Kim Yates
Date published: September 7, 2021
Status: Active

The Value of U.S. Coral Reefs for Risk Reduction

Summary of the report, “Rigorously valuing the role of U.S. coral reefs in coastal hazard risk reduction”

    Contacts: Curt Storlazzi, PhD, Michael Beck
    Date published: May 21, 2021
    Status: Active

    Using Scout Burmese Pythons and Detector Dogs to Protect Endangered Species in the Florida Keys

    WARC researchers are addressing an urgent need to identify specific habitat use of pythons on Key Largo, FL.

    Date published: March 9, 2021
    Status: Active

    Quantitative Tools for the Urgent Recovery and Regulatory Needs of the Florida Bonneted Bat, Eumops floridanus

    WARC researchers are organizing Florida bonneted bat echolocation recordings into a database to assess population trends and bat response to management actions.

    Date published: February 23, 2021
    Status: Active

    Early Detection and Rapid Response: Removal of Newly Introduced Non-native Marine Fishes to Prevent Invasions

    USGS WARC works with partners on early detection and rapid response (ED/RR) efforts, rapidly removing newly introduced non-native marine fishes from Florida’s coastal waters to prevent invasions. 

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    Date published: October 5, 2021

    Change factors to derive future precipitation depth-duration-frequency (DDF) curves at 174 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Atlas 14 stations in central and south Florida

    This data release consists of Microsoft Excel workbooks, shapefiles, and a figure related to a cooperative project between the U.S. Geological Survey and the South Florida Water Management District to derive future change factors for precipitation depth-duration-frequency (DDF) curves at 174 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Atlas 14 stations in central and south Florida...

    Date published: September 16, 2021

    GIS shapefile and related summary data describing irrigated agricultural land-use in Broward and Miami-Dade Counties, Florida for 2019-2021

    A Geographic Information System (GIS) shapefile and summary tables of field-verified irrigated agricultural land-use between January 2019 and February 2021 are provided for Broward and Miami-Dade Counties, Florida, compiled through a cooperative project between the U.S Geological Survey and the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services, Office of Agricultural Water Policy.

    Date published: September 7, 2021

    Flooding extent polygons for modelled wave-driven water levels in Florida with and without projected coral reef degradation

    This data release presents projected flooding extent polygon (flood masks) shapefiles based on wave-driven total water levels for the State Florida (the Florida Peninsula and the Florida Keys). There are 12 associated flood mask shapefiles: one for each of four nearshore wave energy return periods (rp; 10-, 50-, 100-, and 500-years), the current scenario (base) and each of the degradation...

    Date published: September 7, 2021

    Projected flooding extents and depths based on 10-, 50-, 100-, and 500-year wave-energy return periods for the State of Florida, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and the Territory of the U.S. Virgin Islands for current and potentially restored coral reefs

    This data release provides flooding extent polygons based on wave-driven total water levels for the coral lined coasts of Florida, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. The locations of the restoration lines along and across shore were defined by the presence of continuous coral/hardbottom habitat of greater than 100 m alongshore length and proximity to the 3-m depth contour. The wave and...

    Date published: September 7, 2021

    Projected flooding extents and depths based on 10-, 50-, 100-, and 500-year wave-energy return periods for the State of Florida and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico before and after Hurricanes Irma and Maria due to the storms' damage to the coral reefs

    This data release provides flooding extent polygons based on wave-driven total water levels for the coral lined coast of Florida and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. The wave and sea-level conditions were then propagated using the XBeach over 100-m spaced shore-normal transects modified to account for base and post-storm scenarios. In situ observations following hurricanes Irma and Maria 

    Date published: February 22, 2021

    Verified Irrigated Agricultural Lands for the United States, 2002-17

    The spatial extents of verified irrigated lands were compiled from various federal and state sources across the nation and combined into a single Geographic Information System (GIS) geodatabase for the purpose of model training and validation.

    Date published: February 5, 2021

    An Unvegetated to Vegetated Ratio (UVVR) for coastal wetlands of the Conterminous United States (2014-2018)

    This USGS Data Release represents geospatial data sets which were created to produce an Unvegetated to Vegetated Ratio (UVVR) for coastal wetlands of the conterminous United States (2014-2018).

    Date published: May 4, 2020

    SQUID-5 structure-from-motion point clouds, bathymetric maps, orthomosaics, and underwater photos of coral reefs in Florida, 2019

    The new structure-from-motion (SfM) quantitative underwater imaging device with five cameras (SQUID-5) was tested in July 2019 at Crocker Reef in the Florida Keys. The SQUID-5 was developed to meet the unique challenges of collecting SfM underwater imagery, including multiple cameras with different perspectives, accurate geographic locations of images, accurate and precise scaling of derived...

    Date published: April 23, 2020

    Domestic Wells in the United States

    Domestic wells provide drinking water supply for approximately 40 million people in the United States. Knowing the location of these wells, and the populations they serve, is important for identifying heavily used aquifers, locations susceptible to contamination, and populations potentially impacted by poor-quality groundwater. 

    Date published: January 1, 2020

    Structure-from-Motion bathymetric maps from the Florida Keys, 2019

    Structure-from-Motion (SfM) bathymetric maps were created using seafloor images collected using the new 5-camera system SfM Quantitative Underwater Imaging Device with Five Cameras (SQUID-5). Images were collected during July 2019 by towing the SQUID-5 in 3 to 4 meters of water off of Islamorada in the Florida Keys during 3 days. The five cameras were synchronized together and with a surv

    Date published: January 1, 2020

    Structure-from-Motion underwater photos from the Florida Keys, 2019

    Underwater photos were collected using a new 5-camera system, the Structure-from-Motion (SfM) Quantitative Underwater Imaging Device with Five Cameras (SQUID-5). Images were collected in July 2019 by towing the SQUID-5 in 3 to 4 meters of water off of Islamorada in the Florida Keys. The five cameras were synchronized together and with a survey-grade Global Positioning System (GPS).

    Date published: January 1, 2020

    Structure-from-Motion orthophotos from the Florida Keys, 2019

    Georeferenced orthophotos were created from structure-from-motion (SfM) data using seafloor images collected using the new 5-camera system SfM Quantitative Underwater Imaging Device with Five Cameras (SQUID-5). Images were collected in July 2019 by towing the SQUID-5 in 3 to 4 meters of water off of Islamorada in the Florida Keys during 3 days. The five cameras were synchronized together

    Filter Total Items: 11
    GIS shapefile: Sarasota County, Florida irrigated agricultural land-use for the 2018 growing season
    July 17, 2020

    This data set consists of a detailed digital map of individual irrigated fields and a summary of the irrigated acreage for the 2018 growing season developed for Sarasota County, Florida. Selected attribute data that include crop type, irrigation system, and primary water source were collected for each irrigated field.

    Reported and inventoried crop and irrigated acreage in Pasco County, Florida, 1982-2019
    July 16, 2020

    This data set consists of a detailed digital map of the extent of fields and a summary of the irrigated acreage for the period between January and December 2019 compiled for Citrus, Hernando, Pasco, and Sumter Counties, Florida. Attributes for each field include a general or specific crop type, irrigation system, and primary water source.

    Black and grey map of the contiguous 48 states shaded by the number of people using domestic wells per square kilometer (2010)
    April 23, 2020

    Domestic wells provide drinking water supply for approximately 40 million people in the United States. Knowing the location of these wells, and the populations they serve, is important for identifying heavily used aquifers, locations susceptible to contamination, and populations potentially impacted by poor-quality groundwater. 

    Okeechobee County, Florida irrigated agricultural land-use GIS shapefile
    February 28, 2019

    This data set consists of a detailed digital map of individual irrigated fields and a summary of the irrigated acreage for the 2017 growing season developed for Okeechobee County, Florida. Selected attribute data that include crop type, irrigation system, and primary water source were collected for each irrigated field.

    Screenshot of Irma water footprint on a map
    September 14, 2017

    Hurricane Irma, the most intense hurricane observed in the Atlantic in the last decade, approached the west coast of Florida on September 10th, 2017. This animation shows the precipitation and river conditions through time as Irma moved over the southeastern United States.

    North Platte, Nebraska US Topo quadrangle: 2014
    September 26, 2016

    Network wells depicted on the Climate Response Network location map
    Note: Color shading in the table below indicates multiple wells that plot as a single point on the state location map above.
    Note: BLS = Water Level in Feet Below Land Surface, RVD = Water Level referenced to a vertical datum

    Hurricane Louisiana Coast
    September 14, 2016

    June 1 marks the beginning of hurricane season. Should storms arrive on the Louisiana coast, the people in coastal communities across the State, along with many Federal, State, and local agencies will need to know how the storms are affecting the coastal and low-lying areas.The USGS maintains an extensive network of coastal gages that provides critical time-sensitive water level.

    Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
    April 19, 2016

    The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

    USGS Storm-Tide Mapper and Data Services
    March 8, 2016

    The USGS Storm Tide Mapper is a tool for viewing, analyzing, and accessing storm tide data collected during and after hurricanes and Nor’easters. The USGS Storm Tide Mapper will continue to provide a unified and consistent source of real-time and archived storm-tide data.

    Filter Total Items: 58
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    Year Published: 2021

    Rigorously valuing the coastal hazard risks reduction provided by potential coral reef restoration in Florida and Puerto Rico

    The restoration of coastal habitats, particularly coral reefs, can reduce risks by decreasing the exposure of coastal communities to flooding hazards. In the United States, the protective services provided by coral reefs were recently assessed in social and economic terms, with the annual protection provided by U.S. coral reefs off the coasts of...

    Storlazzi, Curt D.; Reguero, Borja G.; Cumming, Kristen A.; Cole, Aaron D.; Shope, James B.; Gaido L., Camila; Viehman, T. Shay; Nickel, Barry A.; Beck, Michael W.
    Storlazzi, C.D., Reguero, B.G., Cumming, K.A., Cole, A.D., Shope, J.B., Gaido L., C., Viehman, T.S., Nickel, B.A., and Beck, M.W., 2021, Rigorously valuing the coastal hazard risks reduction provided by potential coral reef restoration in Florida and Puerto Rico: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1054, 35 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211054.

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    Year Published: 2021

    Rigorously valuing the impact of projected coral reef degradation on coastal hazard risk in Florida

    The degradation of coastal habitats, particularly coral reefs, raises risks by increasing the exposure of coastal communities to flooding hazards. In the United States, the physical protective services provided by coral reefs were recently assessed, in social and economic terms, with the annual protection provided by U.S. coral reefs off the coast...

    Storlazzi, Curt D.; Reguero, Borja G.; Yates, Kimberly K.; Cumming, Kristen A.; Cole, Aaron D.; Shope, James B.; Gaido L., Camila; Zawada, David G.; Arsenault, Stephanie R.; Fehr, Zachery W.; Nickel, Barry A.; Beck, Michael W.
    Storlazzi, C.D., Reguero, B.G., Yates, K.K., Cumming, K.A., Cole, A.D., Shope, J.B., Gaido L., C., Zawada, D.G., Arsenault, S.R., Fehr, Z.W., Nickel, B.A., and Beck, M.W., 2021, Rigorously valuing the impact of projected coral reef degradation on coastal hazard risk in Florida: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1055, 27 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211055.

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    Year Published: 2021

    Rigorously valuing the impact of Hurricanes Irma and Maria on coastal hazard risks in Florida and Puerto Rico

    The degradation of coastal habitats, particularly coral reefs, raises risks by increasing the exposure of coastal communities to flooding hazards. In the United States, the physical protective services provided by coral reefs were recently assessed in social and economic terms, with the annual protection provided by U.S. coral reefs off the coasts...

    Storlazzi, Curt D.; Reguero, Borja G.; Viehman, T. Shay; Cumming, Kristen A.; Cole, Aaron D.; Shope, James B.; Groves, Sarah H.; Gaido L., Camila; Nickel, Barry A.; Beck, Michael W.
    Storlazzi, C.D., Reguero, B.G., Viehman, T.S., Cumming, K.A., Cole, A.D., Shope, J.B., Groves, S.H., Gaido L., C., Nickel, B.A., and Beck, M.W., 2021, Rigorously valuing the impact of Hurricanes Irma and Maria on coastal hazard risks in Florida and Puerto Rico: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1056, 29 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211056.

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    Year Published: 2021

    Oyster model inventory: Identifying critical data and modeling approaches to support restoration of oyster reefs in coastal U.S. Gulf of Mexico waters

    Executive SummaryAlong the coast of the U.S. Gulf of Mexico, the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) plays important ecological and economic roles. Commercial landings from this region account for more than 50 percent of all U.S. landings; these oyster reefs also provide varied ecosystem services, including nursery habitat for many fish and...

    La Peyre, Megan K.; Marshall, Danielle A.; Sable, Shaye E.
    La Peyre, M.K., Marshall, D.A., and Sable, S.E., 2021, Oyster model inventory: Identifying critical data and modeling approaches to support restoration of oyster reefs in coastal U.S. Gulf of Mexico waters: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1063, 40 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211063.

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    Year Published: 2021

    A survey of storm-induced seaward-transport features observed during the 2019 and 2020 hurricane seasons

    Hurricanes are known to play a critical role in reshaping coastlines, but often only impacts on the open ocean coast are considered, ignoring seaward-directed forces and responses. The identification of subaerial evidence for storm-induced seaward transport is a critical step towards understanding its impact on coastal resiliency. The visual...

    Over, Jin-Si R.; Brown, Jenna A.; Sherwood, Christopher R.; Hegermiller, Christie; Wernette, Phillipe Alan; Ritchie, Andrew C.; Warrick, Jonathan

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    Year Published: 2021

    Summary of oceanographic and water-quality measurements offshore of Matanzas Inlet, Florida, 2018

    U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists and technical staff deployed instrumented underwater platforms and buoys to collect oceanographic and atmospheric data at two sites near Matanzas Inlet, Florida, on January 24, 2018, and recovered them on April 13, 2018. Matanzas Inlet is a natural, unmaintained inlet on the Florida Atlantic coast that is...

    Martini, Marinna A.; Montgomery, Ellyn; Suttles, Steven E.; Warner, John C.
    Martini, M.A., Montgomery, E.T., Suttles, S.E., and Warner, J.C., 2021, Summary of oceanographic and water-quality measurements offshore of Matanzas Inlet, Florida, 2018: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2021–1014, 21 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20211014.

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    Year Published: 2021

    The value of US coral reefs for flood risk reduction

    Habitats, such as coral reefs, can mitigate increasing flood damages through coastal protection services. We provide a fine-scale, national valuation of the flood risk reduction benefits of coral habitats to people, property, economies and infrastructure. Across 3,100 km of US coastline, the top-most 1 m of coral reefs prevents the 100-yr flood...

    Reguero, Borja G.; Storlazzi, Curt; Gibbs, Ann E.; Shope, James B.; Cole, Aaron D.; Cumming, Kristen A.; Beck, Mike

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    Year Published: 2021

    Reconstructing population dynamics of a threatened marine mammal using multiple data sets

    Models of marine mammal population dynamics have been used extensively to predict abundance. A less common application of these models is to reconstruct historical population dynamics, filling in gaps in observation data by integrating information from multiple sources. We developed an integrated population model for the Florida manatee (...

    Hostetler, J.; Martin, Julien; Kosempa, M.; Edwards, H.; Rood, K.; Barton, S.; Runge, Michael C.

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    Year Published: 2020

    Development of a modeling framework for predicting decadal barrier island evolution

    Predicting the decadal evolution of barrier island systems is important for coastal managers who propose restoration or preservation alternatives aimed at increasing the resiliency of the island and its associated habitats or communities. Existing numerical models for simulating morphologic changes typically include either long-term (for example,...

    Mickey, Rangley C.; Long, Joseph W.; Dalyander, P. Soupy ; Jenkins, Robert L.; Thompson, David M.; Passeri, Davina; Plant, Nathaniel G.
    Mickey, R.C., Long, J.W., Dalyander, P.S., Jenkins, R.L., III, Thompson, D.M., Passeri, D.L., and Plant, N.G., 2019, Development of a modeling framework for predicting decadal barrier island evolution: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1139, 46 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191139.

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    Year Published: 2019

    Rigorously valuing the role of U.S. coral reefs in coastal hazard risk reduction

    The degradation of coastal habitats, particularly coral reefs, raises risks by increasing the exposure of coastal communities to flooding hazards. The protective services of these natural defenses are not assessed in the same rigorous economic terms as artificial defenses, such as seawalls, and therefore often are not considered in decision making...

    Storlazzi, Curt D.; Reguero, Borja G.; Cole, Aaron D.; Lowe, Erik; Shope, James B.; Gibbs, Ann E.; Nickel, Barry A.; McCall, Robert T.; van Dongeren, Ap R.; Beck, Michael W.
    Storlazzi, C.D., Reguero, B.G., Cole, A.D., Lowe, E., Shope, J.B., Gibbs, A.E., Nickel, B.A., McCall, R.T., van Dongeren, A.R., and Beck, M.W., 2019, Rigorously valuing the role of U.S. coral reefs in coastal hazard risk reduction: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2019–1027, 42 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/ofr20191027.

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    Year Published: 2019

    Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources in the South Florida basin, 2016

    Using a geology-based assessment methodology, the U.S. Geological Survey estimated mean undiscovered, technically recoverable resources of 49 million barrels of oil and 18 billion cubic feet of gas in the onshore and State waters part of the South Florida basin.

    Roberts-Ashby, Tina L.; Hackley, Paul C.; Lohr, Celeste D.; Schenk, Christopher J.; Mercier, Tracey J.; Whidden, Katherine J.; Le, Phuong A.; Tennyson, Marilyn E.; Gaswirth, Stephanie B.; Woodall, Cheryl A.; Brownfield, Michael E.; Leathers-Miller, Heidi M.; Marra, Kristen R.; Finn, Thomas M.
    Roberts-Ashby, T.L., Hackley, P.C., Lohr, C.D., Schenk, C.J., Mercier, T.J., Whidden, K.J., Le, P.A., Tennyson, M.E., Gaswirth, S.B., Woodall, C.A., Brownfield, M.E., Leathers-Miller, H.M., Marra, K.R., and Finn, T.M., 2019, Assessment of undiscovered oil and gas resources in the South Florida basin, 2016: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2018–3074, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20183074.

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    Year Published: 2018

    2018 hurricane and wildfire supplemental funding: USGS recovery activities

    The Additional Supplemental Appropriations for Disaster Relief Requirements Act, 2018 (P.L. 115-123), was signed by the President on February 9, 2018. This funding provided $42.2 million to the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) for equipment repair and replacement, high-resolution elevation data collection in both hurricane- and wildfire-impacted...

    Hinck, Jo Ellen; Stachyra, Joseph
    Hinck, J.E., and Stachyra, J., 2018, 2018 hurricane and wildfire supplemental funding—USGS recovery activities: U.S. Geological Survey Fact Sheet 2018–3063, 4 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/fs20183063.

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    Outstanding in the Field - Episode 10 artwork of a researcher holding a Florida bonneted bat.
    October 20, 2021

    USGS Outstanding in the Field, Episode 10, Bats

    Welcome to the USGS Ecosystems Mission Area Outstanding in the Field podcast series that tells stories about our science, our adventures, and our efforts to better understand fish and wildlife and the ecosystems that support them. In this episode we head to southern Florida to learn about one of North America’s most misunderstood - yet threatened - mammals: bats.

    August 30, 2021

    Reducing Flood Risks by Restoring Coral Reefs

    View audio described version.

    The increasing risk of flooding along our coasts is driven by climate change, development and habitat loss.

    Powerful climate-fueled hurricanes such as Irma and Maria in 2017 caused significant damage to coastal communities in Florida and Puerto Rico, not

    August 30, 2021

    Reducing Flood Risks by Restoring Coral Reefs (AD)

     

    View the non-AD version.

    The increasing risk of flooding along our coasts is driven by climate change, development and habitat loss.

    Powerful climate-fueled hurricanes such as Irma and Maria in 2017 caused significant damage to coastal communities in Florida and Puerto Rico, not

    Brochure with text and an aerial view looking down on a coast with columns depicting data values along the coast.
    August 23, 2021

    Social and Economic Benefits of Coral Reef Restoration in Florida, 1

    Report Summary

    The Social and Economic Benefits of Coral Reef Restoration in Florida

    Targeted restoration of reef natural infrastructure can protect U.S. people and property from significant risk of future flooding.

    Key Points

    • The social and economic benefits of potential reef restoration scenarios, which varied in
    ...
    Brochure with text and an aerial view looking down on a coast with dots depicting data values along the coast.
    August 23, 2021

    Social and Economic Benefits of Coral Reef Restoration in Florida, 2

    Coral reef restoration can yield significant flood reduction benefits. These natural defenses were damaged in the 2017 hurricanes; their recovery would reduce the risks of further storm damages to nature, people and property.

    The coastal protection benefits of coral reefs and other natural defenses are not usually assessed in the same rigorous,

    ...
    Brochure with text and an aerial view looking down on a coast with areas of projected reef loss.
    August 23, 2021

    Future Flooding Impacts from Projected Coral Reef Degradation in FL, 1

    Report Summary

    Future Flooding Impacts from Projected Coral Reef Degradation in Florida

    Projected future degradation of reef natural infrastructure puts U.S. people and property at significant risk of future flooding.

    Key Points

    • Florida’s coral reefs are dying and eroding with losses in living corals and reef height.
    ...
    Brochure with text and an aerial view looking down on a coast with dots depicting data values along the coast.
    August 23, 2021

    Future Flooding Impacts from Projected Coral Reef Degradation in FL, 2

    Future flooding on Florida’s reef-lined coasts would increase by 16% if present reef loss continues.

    Coral reefs provide a significant first line of coastal defense from storms and hurricanes by serving as offshore submerged breakwaters. The degradation of coral reefs raises risks by increasing the exposure of coastal communities to flooding hazards

    ...
    Brochure with text and an aerial view looking down on a coast with columns depicting data values along the coast.
    August 23, 2021

    Hurricanes increase future flood risk in Puerto Rico and Florida, 1

    Report Summary

    Hurricane Damage to Coral Reefs in 2017 Increases Future Flood Risk in Puerto Rico and Florida

    The damage to reef natural infrastructure from Hurricanes Irma and Maria puts U.S. people and property at significant risk of future flooding

    Key Points

    • Hurricanes Irma and Maria caused significant damage to coral
    ...
    Brochure with text and an aerial view looking down on a coast with dots depicting data values along the coast.
    August 23, 2021

    Hurricanes increase future flood risk in Puerto Rico and Florida, 2

    The significant flood risk consequences of damage to coral reefs from Hurricanes Irma and Maria clarify why the defense benefits from this natural infrastructure should be recovered, repaired and restored.

    Coral reefs provide a significant first line of coastal defense from storms and hurricanes by serving as offshore submerged breakwaters. But

    ...
    Folleto con texto y una vista aérea mirando hacia abajo en una costa con columnas que representan valores de datos en la costa.
    August 23, 2021

    Huracanes aumentan el riesgo de inundaciones futuras en Puerto Rico, 1

    RESUMEN DEL REPORTE

    Los daños causados ​​por los huracanes a los arrecifes de coral en 2017 aumentan el riesgo de inundaciones futuras en Puerto Rico y Florida

    El daño a la infraestructura natural de los arrecifes por los huracanes Irma y María pone a las personas y propiedades de los EE. UU. en un riesgo significativo de futuras inundaciones

    ...
    Folleto con texto y una vista aérea mirando hacia abajo en una costa con puntos que representan valores de datos en la costa.
    August 23, 2021

    Huracanes aumentan el riesgo de inundaciones futuras en Puerto Rico, 2

    Las consecuencias significativas del riesgo de inundación debido a los daños en los arrecifes de coral causado por los huracanes Irma y María clarifican por qué los beneficios de defensa de esta infraestructura natural deben recuperarse, repararse y restaurarse.

    Los arrecifes de coral proporcionan una importante primera línea de defensa costera

    ...
    Four aerial photos of the southern part of Florida labeled with asset and people loss due to elevation and erosion degradation.
    August 23, 2021

    Coastal hazard risk increase due to reef degradation: Florida

    Four scenarios for the southern part of the Florida coastline show the increase in annual coastal hazard risk due to projected coral reef degradation.

    1. Potential values of assets ($) lost due to mean elevation degradation scenario per kilometer (upper left)
    2. Potential values of assets ($) lost due to mean erosion degradation scenario per kilometer (upper
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    Coastline with data plotted on top to quantify the amount of flood risk with how much could be saved with restoration efforts.
    September 16, 2021

    In this special issue, explore the benefits provided by coral reefs off Florida and Puerto Rico - including flood risk reduction and protection for people, property, and natural resources. A new series of USGS reports demonstrates how the restoration of coral reefs can save hundreds of millions of dollars in storm-related damages every year.

    Color illustration of fires near Elgin Air Force Base
    September 16, 2021

    Wildfires tend to dominate headlines. Prescribed burns, also known as controlled burns, get less attention, but they’re certainly not uncommon—especially in the Southeast.

    Map of a coastal area with areas defining where coral reef damage occurred and the resulting damage estimates.
    September 7, 2021

    Healthy coral reefs are more than just hotspots of marine biodiversity—they’re also invaluable to long-term resilience against coastal storms.

    Relict Acropora palmata coral-reef framework in the Dry Tortugas National Park
    June 22, 2021

    Based on new research, USGS scientists predict future climate change will continue to suppress coral reef growth in the subtropics.

    Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge UVVR
    May 26, 2021

    Scientists developed high-resolution imagery of coastal wetlands to identify the most vulnerable marshes across the US  

    Photo of healthy Elkhorn Coral
    March 31, 2021

    Coral reefs are suffering due to multiple stressors in our changing world, but there is hope for recovery. New USGS science can help guide the way to restoration success.

    Scuba diver on a coral reef with tools to measure coral
    February 8, 2021

    Nursery-grown elkhorn coral transplanted into Dry Tortugas National Park survived and thrived, growing twice as fast as corals planted in other locations in the Florida Keys, according to a new U.S. Geological Survey study published in Endangered Species Research.

    Dots on map of United States show general locations where scientists recently conducted fieldwork.
    November 30, 2020

    Learn more about the recent field activities completed by scientists in the Coastal and Marine Hazards and Resources Program at the USGS, and explore the Science Projects that guide this fieldwork.

    A map of Florida showing a highlighted section in northeastern part of the state where a Critical Minerals Project will happen.
    September 28, 2020

    A total of $100,000 will fund new research and preserve important data across the Sunshine State

    hurricanes and tropical storms in 9.15.2020 NOAA satellite image
    September 15, 2020

    Laura and Sally affecting Gulf Coast, waves from Paulette and Teddy to strike Atlantic beaches

    To learn more about USGS’s role in providing science to decision makers before, during and after Hurricane Sally, visit usgs.gov/sally.

    Dragonfly larvae being held in an open hand
    July 21, 2020

    A team of federal, academic, and NGO researchers conducted a national-scale assessment of mercury bioaccumulation in aquatic ecosystems using dragonfly larvae as biosentinels.

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