Unified Interior Regions

Hawaii

The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

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Filter Total Items: 67
Date published: September 10, 2019
Status: Active

Coral Reef Project: Hawaiʻi

As part of the USGS Coral Reef Project, the USGS is working on the Kona (west) coast of Hawaiʻi to evaluate geologic resources at two historical parks.

Date published: September 10, 2019
Status: Active

Coral Reef Project: Kahoʻolawe

As part of the USGS Coral Reef Project, the USGS is trying to better understand how nearshore processes impact the deeper, scattered coral reef communities of Kahoʻolawe.

Date published: September 10, 2019
Status: Active

Coral Reef Project: Maui

As part of USGS Coral Reef Project studies, the USGS has been heavily involved in efforts to improve the health and resilience of Maui's coral reef system, bringing expertise in mapping, circulation and sediment studies, and seismic surveys.

Date published: September 10, 2019
Status: Active

Coral Reef Project: Molokaʻi

As part of the USGS Coral Reef Project, recent USGS work on Molokaʻi includes looking into the coral record to find clues to past sedimentation events.

Date published: June 26, 2019
Status: Active

Information by Region-Hawaii

  

Date published: May 6, 2019
Status: Active

Coral Reef Project: Oʻahu

As part of the Coral Reef Project, the USGS is working closely with other local groups to investigate poor water quality issues in Maunalua Bay on the southeast coast of Oʻahu.

Date published: March 28, 2019
Status: Active

Sea Level and Storm Hazards: Past and Present

Sea level and Storm Hazards: Past and Present is a multidisciplinary study of past changes in sea level. Prehistoric shorelines can be used as a baseline for current and future sea level changes under warmer-than-present climate. Emphasis is placed on looking at sea levels during warm periods of the last 500,000 years as well as how base level changes increase the risk of coastal inundation...

Date published: February 19, 2019
Status: Active

Risk Analysis of Invasive Freshwater Fishes in Hawaii and Micronesia

Invasive species threaten biodiversity around the world, especially on islands. USGS scientists are helping to identify fish species that have the greatest potential to invade the fresh waters of Microneisa. 

Date published: November 29, 2018
Status: Active

Webinar: Assessing the Impact of Future Climate and Introduced Species on Hawaiʻi's Aquatic Ecosystems

View this webinar to learn how a warming climate will have fundamental impacts on freshwater, a critical driver of tropical island ecosystems.

Contacts: Yin-Phan Tsang, Hannah Clilverd
Date published: October 30, 2018
Status: Active

Developing optimal post-fire restoration strategies to build ecosystem resilience- Stephanie Yelenik

A widespread challenge for National Parks is restoring post-fire habitats to native states that are resilient to further fire. Especially in
areas with a history of grazing, exotic grasses perpetuate ‘grass-fire’ cycles by acting as fire carriers between habitats, including forests. 

Date published: June 26, 2018
Status: Active

Monitoring Bird and Rat Behavior to Improve Invasive Species Management

Introduced rats are notorious predators of birds and their nests worldwide, but especially on remote islands. Rats (Rattus exulans) first arrived in Hawai‘i with Polynesian colonists about 1,000 years ago, resulting in deleterious consequences for native birds and ecosystems. Since Western contact in 1778, two additional rat species have become established in Hawai‘i, including the highly...

Filter Total Items: 88
Date published: January 1, 2019

Vibracore photographs, computed tomography scans, and core-log descriptions from Pololu Valley, Island of Hawaii

This portion of the data release contains information on vibracores that were collected by the U.S. Geological Survey in Pololu Valley, Island of Hawai'i in 2014. Five sites were cored in order to describe wetland stratigraphy and to identify potential tsunami deposits. These vibracores contain mud, peat, fluvial sands, and marine volcanic sands, reflecting deposition in a variety of

Date published: January 1, 2019

Near-shore seawater-column estimates of groundwater advection rate, Makua, Kauai, USA, August 2016

In-situ near-shore seawater measurements of dissolved radon, conductivity, and water level were used to determine the advection rate of groundwater onto the fringing reef off Makua, HI, USA.

Date published: January 1, 2019

Seafloor photographs and location data, West Hawaii, 2010-2011

Seafloor photographs were collected by SCUBA divers along pre-determined transects using an underwater digital camera following benthic survey protocols developed by the National Park Service (NPS) at Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park (Marrack and others, 2014; Weijerman and others, 2014) and modeled after the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and NPS coral reef survey proto

Date published: January 1, 2019

Projected flooding extents and depths based on 10-, 50-, 100-, and 500-year wave-energy return periods, with and without coral reefs, for the States of Hawaii and Florida, the Territories of Guam, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands,

This data release provides flooding extent polygons (flood masks) and depth values (flood points) based on wave-driven total water levels for 22 locations within the States of Hawaii and Florida, the Territories of Guam, American Samoa, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands. For each of the 22 locations there are eight ass

Date published: January 1, 2019

Coral bleaching data by site, West Hawaii, 2010-2011

Observations of bleached coral were documented by scuba divers along pre-determined transects and are presented here in comma-separated format. Included in the table are coral species observed, colony size, size of bleached area on colony, and seawater temperature.

Date published: January 1, 2019

Dynamically downscaled future wave projections from SWAN model results for the main Hawaiian Islands

Projected wave climate trends from WAVEWATCH3 model output were used as input for nearshore wave models (for example, SWAN) for the main Hawaiian Islands to derive data and statistical measures (mean and top 5 percent values) of wave height, wave period, and wave direction for the recent past (1996-2005) and future projections (2026-2045 and 2085-2100).
Three-hourly global

Date published: January 1, 2019

Strontium isotope ratios of lavas from Kīlauea Volcano, Hawaiʻi

Strontium isotope ratios of historical Kīlauea summit and rift lavas were analyzed by thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) at the Southwest Isotope Research Laboratories of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in Denver. There were 151 analyses of 49 samples obtained from the field, the collections of the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO), and the Smithsonian Institution....

Date published: January 1, 2019

Conductivity, temperature, and depth (CTD) data from nearshore coral reef locations along the west coast of Hawaii Island (2010-2014)

Conductivity-Temperature-Depth (CTD) profile data were collected along transects across study areas of west and east Hawaii Island between 2010 and 2014. Measurements were made over a range of tide and weather conditions and help characterize the spatial extent and variability in estuarine conditions across the reef when grouped by 1 to 2-hour survey period or by season. Sites of cold and war...

Date published: January 1, 2019

Water temperature time-series data from nearshore coral reef and anchialine pool locations along the west coast of Hawaii Island (2010-2013)

Time-series data of water temperature were collected at 33 locations along the west coast of the Island of Hawaii, including within Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park (KAHO), and Puu o Honaunau National Historical Park (PUHO) between 2010 and 2013 in nearshore coral reef and anchialine pool settings. Temperature sensors were attached to fossil limestone, rock or dead coral wi

Date published: January 1, 2019

Strontium isotope ratios of lavas from Kīlauea, Mauna Loa, and Lōʻihi Volcanoes, Hawaiʻi

Strontium isotope ratios of lavas from Hawaiʻi were analyzed by thermal ionization mass spectrometry (TIMS) at the Southwest Isotope Research Laboratories of the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) in Denver. There were at total of 427 analyses of samples obtained from the field, the collections of the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO), the University of Hawaiʻi, and the...

Date published: January 1, 2019

Water level, temperature, and salinity time-series data from nearshore coral reef locations along the west coast of Hawaii Island (2010-2011)

Time-series data of water level, water temperature, and salinity were collected at 10 locations along west Hawaii Island between 2010 and 2011 in nearshore coral reef settings. Conductivity-temperature-depth sensors were attached to fossil limestone, rock, or dead coral within otherwise healthy coral reef settings spanning water depths of 8 to 23 ft. Continuous measurements were made ever

Date published: January 1, 2019

Projected flood extent polygons and flood depth points based on 10-, 50-, 100-, and 500-year wave-energy return periods, with and without coral reefs, for the Territory of Puerto Rico (the islands of Culebra, Puerto Rico, and Vieques)

This part of the data release presents projected flooding extent polygon (flood masks) and flooding depth points (flood points) shapefiles based on wave-driven total water levels for the Territory of Puerto Rico (the islands of Culebra, Puerto Rico, and Vieques). For each island there are 8 associated flood mask and flood depth shapefiles: one for each four nearshore wave energy

Filter Total Items: 297
Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows.
August 3, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 12:30 pm on Friday, August 3.

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissure
August 3, 2018

Map as of 10:00 a.m. HST, August 3, 2018

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissure
August 1, 2018

Map as of 10:00 a.m. HST, August 1, 2018

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissure
July 31, 2018

Map as of 1:00 p.m. HST, July 31, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 31, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Tuesday, July 31

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissure
July 30, 2018

Map as of 12:00 p.m. HST, July 30, 2018.

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 29, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Sunday, July 29

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissure
July 27, 2018

Map as of 4:00 p.m. HST, July 27, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 27, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Friday, July 27

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissure
July 26, 2018

Lower East Rift Zone lava-flow map as of 2:00 p.m. HST, July 26, 2018.

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissure
July 25, 2018

As of 10:00 a.m. HST, July 25, 2018, the lava flow margins had not expanded since the previous map, so no red areas (indicating expansion) appear on this map.

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 25, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Wednesday, July 25

Filter Total Items: 111
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Year Published: 2016

Panel regressions to estimate low-flow response to rainfall variability in ungaged basins

Multicollinearity and omitted-variable bias are major limitations to developing multiple linear regression models to estimate streamflow characteristics in ungaged areas and varying rainfall conditions. Panel regression is used to overcome limitations of traditional regression methods, and obtain reliable model coefficients, in particular to...

Bassiouni, Maoya; Vogel, Richard M.; Archfield, Stacey A.

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Year Published: 2016

Low-flow characteristics for streams on the Islands of Kauaʻi, Oʻahu, Molokaʻi, Maui, and Hawaiʻi, State of Hawaiʻi

Statistical models were developed to estimate natural streamflow under low-flow conditions for streams with existing streamflow data at measurement sites on the Islands of Kauaʻi, Oʻahu, Molokaʻi, Maui, and Hawaiʻi. Streamflow statistics used to describe the low-flow characteristics are flow-duration discharges that are equaled or exceeded between...

Cheng, Chui Ling
Cheng, C.L., 2016, Low-flow characteristics for streams on the Islands of Kauaʻi, Oʻahu, Molokaʻi, Maui, and Hawaiʻi, State of Hawaiʻi: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2016-5103, 36 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20165103.

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Year Published: 2016

Historical files from Federal Government mineral exploration-assistance programs, 1950 to 1974

The Defense Minerals Administration (DMA), Defense Minerals Exploration Administration (DMEA), and Office of Minerals Exploration (OME) mineral exploration programs were active over the period 1950–1974. Under these programs, the Federal Government contributed financial assistance in the exploration for certain strategic and critical minerals. The...

Frank, David G.
Frank, D.G., 2016, Historical files from Federal Government mineral exploration-assistance programs, 1950 to 1974: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1004, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ds1004.

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Year Published: 2015

Dim ultraviolet light as a means of deterring activity by the Hawaiian hoary bat Lasiurus cinereus semotus

Widespread bat fatalities at industrial wind turbines are a conservation issue with the potential to inhibit efficient use of an abundant source of energy. Bat fatalities can be reduced by altering turbine operations, but such curtailment decreases turbine efficiency. If additional ways of reducing bat fatalities at wind turbines were available...

Gorresen, P. Marcos; Cryan, Paul M.; Dalton, David C.; Wolf, Sandy; Johnson, Jessica A.; Todd, Christopher M.; Bonaccorso, Frank J.
Gorresen, P.M., P.M. Cryan, D. Dalton, J. Johnson, C. Todd, S. Wolf, and F.J. Bonaccorso. 2015. Dim ultraviolet light as a means of deterring activity by the Hawaiian hoary bat (Lasiurus cinereus semotus). Endangered Species Research 28:249-257.

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Year Published: 2015

Avian malaria in Hawaiian forest birds: Infection and population impacts across species and elevations

Wildlife diseases can present significant threats to ecological systems and biological diversity, as well as domestic animal and human health. However, determining the dynamics of wildlife diseases and understanding the impact on host populations is a significant challenge. In Hawai‘i, there is ample circumstantial evidence that introduced...

Samuel, Michael D.; Woodworth, Bethany L.; Atkinson, Carter T.; Hart, P. J.; LaPointe, Dennis

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Year Published: 2015

Mean annual water-budget components for the Island of Oahu, Hawaii, for average climate conditions, 1978-2007 rainfall and 2010 land cover

The shapefile associated with this metadata file represents the spatial distribution of mean annual water-budget components, in inches, for the Island of Oahu, Hawaii. The water-budget components in the shapefile were computed by a water-budget model for a scenario representative of average climate conditions (1978-2007 rainfall) and 2010 land...

Engott, John A.
Engott, J.A., 2015, Mean annual water-budget components for the Island of Oahu, Hawaii, for average climate conditions, 1978-2007 rainfall and 2010 land cover: USGS Water Resources NSDI Node, accessed February 23, 2015, at http://dx.doi.org/10.5066/F7XP72ZX.

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Year Published: 2015

Mean annual water-budget components for the Island of Oahu, Hawaii, for drought conditions, 1998-2002 rainfall and 2010 land cover

The shapefile associated with this metadata file represents the spatial distribution of mean annual water-budget components, in inches, for the Island of Oahu, Hawaii. The water-budget components in the shapefile were computed by a water-budget model for a scenario representative of drought conditions (1998-2002 rainfall) and 2010 land cover, as...

Engott, John A.
Engott, J.A., 2015, Mean annual water-budget components for the Island of Oahu, Hawaii, for drought conditions, 1998-2002 rainfall and 2010 land cover: USGS Water Resources NSDI Node, accessed February 23, 2015, at http://dx.doi.org/10.5066/F7SX6B7M.

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Year Published: 2015

Baseline water-quality sampling to infer nutrient and contaminant sources at Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park, Island of Hawai‘i, 2009

Baseline water-quality sampling was conducted for dissolved nutrients and for chemical and isotopic tracers at Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park on the Island of Hawai'i. Existing and future urbanization in the surrounding areas have the potential to affect water quality in the Park, and so the National Park Service and the U.S. Geological...

Hunt, Charles D.
Hunt, C.D., Jr., 2014, Baseline water-quality sampling to infer nutrient and contaminant sources at Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park, Island of Hawai‘i, 2009: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2014-5158, 52 p., http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/sir20145158.

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Year Published: 2015

One carp, two carp: are there more carp in the Wailoa River?

The February, 2015 issue of Hawaii Fishing News included the annual list of Hawai`i records for the largest fish of various species caught in the state. Among the new records was one for a 15-pound grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) caught by Avery Berido in the Wailoa River at Hilo on September 13, 2013. A photograph taken by Mr. Berido of the...

Mundy, Bruce C; Nico, Leo; Tagawa, Annette
Mundy B., Nico, L.G., and Tagawa, A., 2015, One carp, two carp: Are there more grass carp in the Wailoa River?: Hawaii Fishing News, v. 40, no. 6, p. 18-19.

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Year Published: 2014

Low-flow characteristics of streams in the Lahaina District, West Maui, Hawai'i

The purpose of this study was to characterize streamflow availability under natural low-flow conditions for streams in the Lahaina District, west Maui, Hawaiʻi. The study-area streams included Honolua Stream and tributary Pāpua Gulch, Honokahua Stream and tributary Mokupeʻa Gulch, Kahana Stream, Honokōwai Stream and tributaries Amalu and Kapāloa...

Cheng, Chui Ling
Low-flow characteristics of streams in the Lahaina District, West Maui, Hawai'i; 2014; SIR; 2014-5087; Cheng, Chui Ling

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Year Published: 2014

Relation of landslides triggered by the Kiholo Bay earthquake to modeled ground motion

The 2006 Kiholo Bay, Hawaii, earthquake triggered high concentrations of rock falls and slides in the steep canyons of the Kohala Mountains along the north coast of Hawaii. Within these mountains and canyons a complex distribution of landslides was triggered by the earthquake shaking. In parts of the area, landslides were preferentially located on...

Harp, Edwin L.; Hartzell, Stephen H.; Jibson, Randall W.; Ramirez-Guzman, L.; Schmitt, Robert G.
Relation of landslides triggered by the Kiholo Bay earthquake and modeled ground motion; 2012; Article; Book; Landslides and Engineered Slopes: Protecting Society through Improved Understanding; Harp, E. L.; Hartzell, S. H.; Jibson, R. W.; Ramirez-Guzman, L.

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Year Published: 2013

Vegetation map of the watersheds between Kawela and Kamalō Gulches, Island of Molokaʻi, Hawaiʻi

In this document we describe the methods and results of a project to produce a large-scale map of the dominant plant communities for an area of 5,118.5 hectares encompassing the Kawela and Kamalō watersheds on the island of Molokaʻi, Hawaiʻi, using digital image analysis of multi-spectral satellite imagery. Besides providing a base map of the area...

Jacobi, James D.; Ambagis, Stephen
Vegetation map of the watersheds between Kawela and Kamalō Gulches, Island of Molokaʻi, Hawaiʻi; 2013; SIR; 2013-5093; Jacobi, James D.; Ambagis, Stephen

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January 7, 2020

Transitions: What's next for HVO and the volcanoes it monitors?

2018 and 2019 were years of profound change at Kīlauea Volcano and the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. Devastation caused by the largest lower East Rift Zone eruption and summit collapse in at least 200 years resulted in many transitions for island residents, including HVO. Tina Neal, Scientist-in-Charge of the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory, describes the current status

Aerial imagery of islands is marked to show different data about each island's coast.
January 1, 2020

Hawaiʻi Coral Reefs and Coastal Hazard Risk Reduction

Rigorously Valuing the Role of Hawaiʻi’s Coral Reefs in Coastal Hazard Risk Reduction

Estimated Annual Benefits

Maps of Hawaiʻi showing the distribution of the value of averted direct building damages, indirect economic activity losses, and population annually protected from flooding by coral reefs. Results at 10 m2 resolution are aggregated into

...
Ohia forest with dieback resulting from Rapid Ohia Death, Hawaii Island.
December 31, 2019

Ohia forest with dieback

Aerial photo of ʻōhiʻa forest on Hawaii Island, including dieback resulting from Rapid Ohia Death.

Ohia seedlings in dibble tubes, prior to planting
December 31, 2019

Ohia seedlings before planting

ʻŌhiʻa seedlings in dibble tubes, prior to planting.

December 8, 2019

How Our Reefs Protect Us: Valuing the Benefits of U.S. Reefs (AD)

The degradation of coastal habitats, particularly coral reefs, raises risks by increasing the exposure of coastal communities to flooding hazards during storms. The protective services of these natural defenses are not assessed in the same rigorous economic terms as artificial defenses, such as seawalls, and therefore often are not considered in decision-making. Here we

December 8, 2019

How Our Reefs Protect Us: Valuing the Benefits of U.S. Reefs

The degradation of coastal habitats, particularly coral reefs, raises risks by increasing the exposure of coastal communities to flooding hazards during storms. The protective services of these natural defenses are not assessed in the same rigorous economic terms as artificial defenses, such as seawalls, and therefore often are not considered in decision-making. Here we

Five glass beakers on a lab table
October 30, 2019

Water collected from the lake at the bottom of Halema‘uma‘u

Water collected from the lake at the bottom of Halema‘uma‘u is prepared for laboratory analyses at the USGS California Volcano Observatory. Results thus far reveal chemistry indicative of complex reactions among the water, magmatic gases and Kīlauea's basaltic rocks. 

Unoccupied Aircraft System is inspected by pilot just before take off
October 26, 2019

Unoccupied Aircraft System is inspected by pilot just before take off

The sampling mechanism (on blue tarp) is prepared and the Unoccupied Aircraft System (UAS) is inspected just before take off to collect water from the Halema‘uma‘u crater lake. Brightly colored flagging tape tied to a cable attached to the UAS indicated depth as the sampling tool was lowered into the water. 

September 27, 2019

Water appears in Halemaʻumaʻu - Kīlauea Volcano

USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists Matt Patrick and Jim Kauahikaua talk about the water that appeared at the bottom of Halemaʻumaʻu, a crater at the summit of Kīlauea Volcano, in July 2019 and continues to rise today. They address why it appeared, how it’s monitored, and its potential hazards.
 

A map shows islands plotted on a latitude and longitude scale with colors that show varying ocean depth.
September 10, 2019

Overview of Hawaii high-resolution SWAN model grids

Overview of the high-resolution model grids from: “Dynamically downscaled future wave projections from SWAN model results for the main Hawaiian Islands”

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Aerial view of Halema‘uma‘u at the summit of Kīlauea
August 1, 2019

USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) scientists usually base their research on observations, either visual or instrumental. Interpretations come from these observations, so they must be as good as possible. Incorrect observations can, and have, led to erroneous interpretations. 

panoramic view of the 1935 Humu‘ula flow
July 25, 2019

In ongoing media coverage of demonstrations at the base of Mauna Kea, many hundreds of people can be seen standing on a black lava flow that surrounds the Pu‘uhuluhulu Native Tree Sanctuary adjacent to the Daniel K. Inouye Highway. That same lava flow continues on the other side of the highway, which traverses the saddle between Mauna Loa and Mauna Kea.

USGS
July 25, 2019

HVO seismologist Brian Shiro discusses similarities and differences between the 2018 Hawai‘i and 2019 California earthquake sequences.

Preview image for Routine overflight of Mauna Loa summit video.
July 19, 2019

Video shows Moku‘āweoweo, the caldera at the summit of Mauna Loa, during a routine overflight. 

residual heat, steam, and small amounts of other gases continue to escape
July 18, 2019

One year ago, activity on Kīlauea Volcano was remarkably different than it is today. Lava was flowing toward the sea, robust ocean entry plumes were fumigating coastal areas, and island air quality was impacted by huge amounts of volcanic gases and particles.

USGS
July 12, 2019

On July 2, HVO raised the Volcano Alert Level for Mauna Loa from "Normal" to "Advisory".

eruptive fissures along the Northeast Rift Zone of Mauna Loa
July 11, 2019

Shortly before midnight on July 5, 1975, Mauna Loa Volcano awakened with a shudder. Quickly responding to a seismic earthquake/tremor alarm at 11:18 p.m., USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) staff rushed to their offices, where, at 11:42 p.m., they noted red glow above the mountain. The 1975 eruption lasted less than a day, but it ended Mauna Loa's then longest-known repose period. 

Volcano Alert Levels
July 3, 2019

Hawaii residents are likely familiar with the Volcano Activity Updates that the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) issues for Kīlauea and other active Hawaiian volcanoes. These updates, which provide situational awareness of volcanic activity and hazards, were formally established in 2006. 

Map showing the islands of Hawaii to show the areas where coral reefs are found.
July 1, 2019

A new USGS Open-File Report describes the coral reefs of Maui, Moloka‘i, Lānaʻi, and Kahoʻolawe in detail, including location, extent, coral cover, and connectivity.

Lava fountains erupting from fissure 22
June 27, 2019

Kīlauea Volcano, on the Island of Hawai‘i, has two rift zones. The East Rift Zone is longer, with 50 km (about 31 miles) on land plus another 80 km (about 43 miles) below sea level. The Southwest Rift Zone, which is historically less active, is 40 km (about 20 miles) long with only a small portion underwater.

Interferogram for the period from April 6 to June 2, 2019
June 20, 2019

Since the early 1990s, scientists have used radar satellites to map movement, or deformation, of Earth’s surface. Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (InSAR) calculates the difference between two radar images acquired by an orbiting satellite taken at different times but looking at the same place on Earth.

Screenshot of a seismic webicorder from the USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
June 13, 2019

The USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO), along with its partners at NOAA's Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC) and the National Strong-Motion Project (NSMP), operates a network of seismic monitoring stations on the Island of Hawai‘i and throughout the state.

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