Unified Interior Regions

Hawaii

The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

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Filter Total Items: 67
Date published: June 27, 2017

Hawai‘i Carbon Storage and Greenhouse Gas Flux Assessment

In recent years, the U.S. Geological Survey has been conducting a national biologic carbon sequestration assessment in the conterminous U.S.  The assessment is designed to meet the requirements of the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, which calls for coverage of all 50 states and all ecosystems (including forests, grasslands, wetlands, agricultural lands, and rivers, lakes, and...

Date published: June 22, 2017
Status: Active

Ecology of Hawaiian Waterbirds

Loss of wetlands, invasive plants, and non-native predators pushed Hawaii’s waterbirds to the brink of extinction by the early 1900s, although population numbers have improved somewhat in recent decades with conservation efforts. Nonetheless, all Hawaiian waterbirds have global population sizes estimated around or below below 2,000 individuals, making them still highly vulnerable to extinction...

Date published: June 14, 2017
Status: Active

Monitoring and Researching Bat Activity at Wind Turbines with Videography

The rapid expansion of wind energy nationwide is an important step toward reducing dependence on non-renewable sources of power.  However, the magnitude of the wildlife impacts at wind energy facilities is a newly recognized threat, and the cumulative long-term impacts to various bat species are of increasing concern.  It is estimated that more than 450,000 bat fatalities now occur each year...

Date published: May 10, 2017
Status: Active

Disease Ecology In the Pacific Basin: Wildlife and Public Health Concerns

Both wildlife and human health in Hawai‘i and other island ecosystems in the Pacific Basin face continued threats from introductions of diseases and vectors. Accidental introduction of mosquito-borne avian malaria and pox virus to Hawai‘i is an outstanding example of how biological invasions can have a profound effect on endemic wildlife. The geographic distribution, density, and community...

Date published: March 16, 2017

Population Genetics and Emergency Management of Two Kauai Island Endangered Species

The Challenge: The Akeke’e (Loxops caeruleirostris) and the Akikiki (Oreomystis bairdi), two species of Hawaiian honeycreeper, are critically endangered bird species endemic to high elevation ohia forests on the Hawaiian island of Kauai.  Both species have suffered severe population declines and range contractions in recent decades.  Akeke’e are currently thought to number ca. 950 wild...

Date published: December 4, 2016

Biology, Impacts and Control of Invasive Reptiles

Invasive species are considered to be second only to habitat degradation in terms of negative impacts on the Earth’s ecosystems, and our scientists make up a significant proportion of the global expertise in the rapidly-growing problem of invasive reptiles.

Date published: December 1, 2016
Status: Active

USGS Brown Treesnake Laboratory and Rapid Response Facility - Guam

USGS scientists and staff associated with the Brown Treesnake Project are co-located at the Guam National Wildlife Refuge at the northern end of Guam in the western Pacific Ocean. Project staff work on developing and testing control tools for invasive brown treesnakes, as well as understanding their impacts on Guam's ecosystems. Project staff also lead the multi-agency Brown Treesnake Rapid...

Date published: October 19, 2016
Status: Active

Survival and Reintroduction of the Laysan Teal

The Challenge: The Laysan Teal is an endangered, endemic, Hawaiian dabbling duck that has been pushed to the brink of extinction numerous times. The previous range includes the Main and Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, and its current range is less than 10 sq. km within the National Wildlife Refuges of Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument. This non-migratory waterfowl was eliminated from...

Date published: July 26, 2016
Status: Active

HDgov: Multi-agency Website for Human Dimensions of Natural Resources

HDgov is an interactive and mobile-responsive online portal to interagency, academic, and non-government resources focused on the human dimensions of natural resource management. The web portal provides easy access to tools, publications, data, and methods that help ensure that the people side of natural resources is considered throughout the entire natural resource management process. The...

Date published: July 26, 2016
Status: Active

National Park Service Visitor Spending Effects

The National Park Service (NPS) manages the Nation’s most iconic destinations that attract millions of visitors from across the Nation and around the world. Trip-related spending by NPS visitors generates and supports a considerable amount of economic activity within park gateway communities. USGS economists collaborate with the National Park Service social science program to estimate NPS...

Date published: July 21, 2016
Status: Active

North American Waterfowl Management Plan

The ultimate success of North American Waterfowl Management Plan (NAWMP) depends on maintaining relevance to stakeholders and society. In order to be relevant, a first step is to better understand what people value in regard to waterfowl and their habitats. Without this information, NAWMP population, habitat, and people objectives may not reflect stakeholder and societal values; and management...

Date published: July 5, 2016
Status: Active

Monitoring Hawaiian Biodiversity: Changes to forest birds and their habitat

Hawaiian forests are beset by many stressors, resulting in a complex pattern of altered ecosystems, impeirled species, and (in some areas) substantial protection and restoration. Short-term studies focused on specific sites or biota have limited value in understanding landscape-level change. Long-term and spatialy extensive data are needed to understand how ecosystems are reacting to both...

Filter Total Items: 88
Date published: June 18, 2018

Northwestern Hawaiian Islands: Impacts to Avifauna from the Tohoku Tsunami 2011

This collection of nine datasets covers Midway Atoll and Laysan Island in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands, and was created to help estimate the impacts of the March 11, 2011 tsunami event on avifauna in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. 

Date published: June 18, 2018

Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Sea-level Rise Scenarios and Models 2010-2015

This data release consists of two ESRI geodatabases that store inundation areas for various future scenarios of sea-level rise, groundwater rise, and storm waves for Laysan Island and Midway Atoll in the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands.

Date published: March 23, 2018

HAVO Montane Ohia Diameter and Cavity Data 2017

We quantified the availability of breeding habitat of the endangered Hawaiian Akepa (Loxops coccineus). The species is thought to nest excusively in natural cavities within mature ohia (Metrosideros polymorpha) trees but birds commonly occur in short stature trees that presumably do not have any natural cavities because of their polyploidal (many-branched) structure.

Date published: October 24, 2017

Hawaii Land Cover and Habitat Status

These two raster data layers depict the land cover and degree of human disturbance to plant communities on the seven main Hawaiian Islands, and were developed as part of a comprehensive USGS assessment of carbon sequestration potential by natural ecosystems in the State of Hawaii.

Date published: October 24, 2017

Kanakaleonui Bird Corridor Montane Plants 2016

The datasets used in the the research project entitled, "Facilitating Adaptation in Montane Plants to Changing Precipitation along an Elevation Gradient," are presented. Report available.

Date published: October 24, 2017

Hawaiian Islands Coastal Vegetation Survey 2013-2015

 

This dataset provides information on the current status and various other habitat and descriptive attributes of the native coastal vegetation for seven of the main Hawaiian Islands (i.e., does not include Ni`ihau). Report available.

Date published: October 1, 2017

Oahu Tsunami Evacuation Dashboard

Tsunami waves created by earthquakes far from Hawai’i arrive hours later along Hawaiian shorelines but can be difficult to escape if everyone uses their cars to evacuate. Working with the Hawai’i Emergency Management Agency, researchers with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) used computer modeling to identify areas where people should be able to evacuate on foot in less than 15 minutes. 

Date published: September 1, 2017

National Water Information System web interface (NWISweb)

The National Water Information System (NWIS) web application provides access to real-time and historical surface-water, groundwater, water-quality, and water-use data collected at approximately 1.5 million sites across all 50 states.

Date published: April 25, 2017

Coral growth parameters and seawater chemistry from Kahekili, west Maui, Hawaii

This data release contains time-series of seawater carbonate chemistry variables, including salinity, dissolved inorganic nutrients, pH, total alkalinity, and dissolved inorganic carbon from sites along Kahekili Beach Park, west Maui, Hawai‘i. It also containsdata from coral cores collected from the shallow reef at Kahekili in July 2013 and analyzed for coral growth parameters and geochemical...

Date published: January 1, 2017

Seawater carbonate chemistry, Kahekili, west Maui

Time-series of seawater carbonate chemistry variables, including salinity, dissolved inorganic nutrients, pH, total alkalinity, and dissolved inorganic carbon from sites along Kahekili Beach Park, west Maui near submarine groundwater seeps and living coral reefs. Samples for seawater were collected by pumping bottom water from the seafloor using a peristaltic pump and collecting discr

Date published: December 21, 2016

Digital image mosaics of the nearshore coastal waters of selected areas on the Hawaiian Islands of Hawai‘i, Maui, Moloka‘i, and O‘ahu generated using aerial photographs and SHOALS airborne lidar bathymetry data

USGS has the capability to compile digital image mosaics that are useful for creating detailed map products. Image maps covering the shallow near-shore coastal waters have been produced for several of the main Hawaiian Islands, including Hawai‘i, Maui, Moloka‘i, and O‘ahu and are presented in JPEG2000 (.jp2) format.

Filter Total Items: 298
Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 12, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Thursday, July 12

Map of Kīlauea East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
July 12, 2018

Map as of 3:00 p.m. HST, July 12, 2018

Map of Kīlauea East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
July 11, 2018

Map as of 1:00 p.m. HST, July 11, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 10, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Tuesday, July 10.

Map of Kīlauea East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
July 10, 2018

Map as of 12:00 p.m. HST, July 10, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 9, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 2 pm on Monday, July 9

Map of Kīlauea East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
July 9, 2018

Map as of 2:00 p.m. HST, July 9, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 8, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Sunday, July 8.

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 6, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Friday, July 6.

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
July 6, 2018

Map as of 12:00 p.m. HST, July 6, 2018

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
July 2, 2018

Map as of 12:00 p.m. HST, July 2, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 2, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Monday, July 2

Filter Total Items: 111
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Year Published: 2011

Potential effects of roadside dry wells on groundwater quality on the Island of Hawai'i-Assessment using numerical groundwater models

Widespread use of dry wells to dispose of roadside runoff has raised concern about the potential effects on the quality of groundwater on the Island of Hawai‘i. This study used semi-generic numerical models of groundwater flow and contaminant transport to assess the potential effect of dry wells on groundwater quality on the Island of Hawai...

Izuka, Scot K.
Potential effects of roadside dry wells on groundwater quality on the Island of Hawai'i-Assessment using numerical groundwater models; 2011; SIR; 2011-5072; Izuka, Scot K.

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Year Published: 2011

Small explosion from new vent at Kilauea’s summit

At 0258 Hawaii‐Aleutian Standard Time (HST) on 19 March 2008, a small explosion scattered altered and fresh lithic debris across a 40‐hectare area at the summit of Kilauea volcano. This explosion, the first recorded there since 1924, issued from a vent about 35 meters wide along the east wall of Halema'uma'u Crater. Ballistic fragments—the largest...

Wilson, David C.; Elias, Tamar; Orr, T.; Patrick, Matthew R.; Sutton, Jeff; Swanson, Don
Wilson, David, Elias, Tamar, Orr, Tim, Patrick, Matt, Sutton, Jeff, and Swanson, Don, 2008, Small explosion from new vent at Kilauea’s summit: Eos Transactions of the American Geophysical Union, v. 89, p. 203

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Year Published: 2011

Shallow degassing events as a trigger for very-long-period seismicity at Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii

The first eruptive activity at Kīlauea Volcano’s summit in 25 years began in March 2008 with the opening of a 35-m-wide vent in Halema‘uma‘u crater. The new activity has produced prominent very-long-period (VLP) signals corresponding with two new behaviors: episodic tremor bursts and small explosive events, both of which represent degassing...

Patrick, Matthew R.; Wilson, David C.; Fee, David; Orr, Tim R.; Swanson, Don
Patrick, Matthew, Wilson, David, Fee, David, Orr, Tim, and Swanson, Don, 2011, Shallow degassing events as a trigger for very-long-period seismicity at Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii: Bulletin of Volcanology, v. 73, p. 1179–1186.

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Year Published: 2011

Hydrogeology of the Hawaiian islands

Volcanic-rock aquifers are the most extensive and productive aquifers in the Hawaiian Islands. These aquifers contain different types of groundwater systems depending on the geologic setting in which they occur. The most common groundwater systems include coastal freshwater-lens systems in the dike-free flanks of the volcanoes and dike-impounded...

Cabrera, Maria del Carmen; Lambán, Luis Javier; Valverde, Margarida; Gingerich, Stephen B.; Oki, Delwyn S.

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Year Published: 2011

Recent storm and tsunami coarse-clast deposit characteristics, southeast Hawai'i

Deposits formed by extreme waves can be useful in elucidating the type and characteristics of the depositional event. The study area on the southeast coast of the island of Hawaiʻi is characterized by the presence of geologically young basalts of known age that are mantled by recent wave-derived sedimentary deposits. The area has been impacted by...

Richmond, B.M.; Watt, Sebastian; Buckley, M.; Jaffe, B.E.; Gelfenbaum, G.; Morton, R.A.
Recent storm and tsunami coarse-clast deposit characteristics, southeast Hawai'i; 2011; Article; Journal; Marine Geology; Richmond, B. M.; Watt, S.; Buckley, M.; Jaffe, B. E.; Gelfenbaum, G.; Morton, R. A.

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Year Published: 2010

Changes of freshwater-lens thickness in basaltic island aquifers overlain by thick coastal sediments

Freshwater-lens thickness and long-term changes in freshwater volume in coastal aquifers are commonly assessed through repeated measurement of salinity profiles from monitor wells that penetrate into underlying salt water. In Hawaii, the thickest measured freshwater lens is currently 262 m in dike-free, volcanic-rock aquifers that are overlain by...

Rotzoll, Kolja; Oki, Delwyn S.; El-Kadi, Aly I.
Changes of freshwater-lens thickness in basaltic island aquifers overlain by thick coastal sediments; 2010; Article; Journal; Hydrogeology Journal; Rotzoll, Kolja ; Oki, Delwyn S.; El-Kadi, Aly I.

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Year Published: 2010

Effects of groundwater withdrawal on borehole flow and salinity measured in deep monitor wells in Hawai'i-implications for groundwater management

Water-resource managers in Hawai`i rely heavily on salinity profiles from deep monitor wells to estimate the thickness of freshwater and the depth to the midpoint of the transition zone between freshwater and saltwater in freshwater-lens systems. The deep monitor wells are typically open boreholes below the water table and extend hundreds of feet...

Rotzoll, Kolja
Effects of groundwater withdrawal on borehole flow and salinity measured in deep monitor wells in Hawai'i-implications for groundwater management; 2010; SIR; 2010-5058; Rotzoll, Kolja

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Year Published: 2010

Streamflow, suspended-sediment, and soil-erosion data from Kaulana and Hakioawa watersheds, Kaho'olawe, Hawai'i,

Various events over the last two centuries have destroyed the vegetation and caused rapid soil erosion on large areas of the small, arid, windy tropical shield-volcano island of Kaho`olawe, Hawai`i. These activities were largely halted in the 1990s, and efforts have been made to restore the island's vegetation in order to stem erosion. In 2003,...

Izuka, Scot K.; Abbott, Lyman L.
Streamflow, suspended-sediment, and soil-erosion data from Kaulana and Hakioawa watersheds, Kaho'olawe, Hawai'i,; 2010; OFR; 2010-1182; Izuka, Scot K.; Abbott, Lyman L.

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Year Published: 2010

Hawaii StreamStats; a web application for defining drainage-basin characteristics and estimating peak-streamflow statistics

Reliable estimates of the magnitude and frequency of floods are necessary for the safe and efficient design of roads, bridges, water-conveyance structures, and flood-control projects and for the management of flood plains and flood-prone areas. StreamStats provides a simple, fast, and reproducible method to define drainage-basin characteristics...

Rosa, Sarah N.; Oki, Delwyn S.
Hawaii StreamStats; a web application for defining drainage-basin characteristics and estimating peak-streamflow statistics; 2010; FS; 2010-3052; Rosa, Sarah N.; Oki, Delwyn S.

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Year Published: 2010

Terrigenous sediment provenance from geochemical tracers, south Molokai reef flat, Hawaii

Land-derived runoff is one of the greatest threats to coral-reef health. Identification of runoff sources is an important step in erosion mitigation efforts. A geochemical sediment provenance study was done in uplands and across the adjacent fringing reef on the southeast shore of Molokai, Hawaii, to determine whether sediment runoff originated...

Takesue, R.K.
Terrigenous sediment provenance from geochemical tracers, south Molokai reef flat, Hawaii; 2010; OFR; 2010-1155; Takesue, R. K.

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Year Published: 2010

Rainfall, discharge, and water-quality data during stormwater monitoring, H-1 storm drain, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2009, to June 30, 2010

Storm runoff water-quality samples were collected as part of the State of Hawaii Department of Transportation Stormwater Monitoring Program. The program is designed to assess the effects of highway runoff and urban runoff collected by the H-1 storm drain on the Manoa-Palolo Drainage Canal. This report summarizes rainfall, discharge, and water-...

Presley, Todd K.; Jamison, Marcael T.J.
Rainfall, discharge, and water-quality data during stormwater monitoring, H-1 storm drain, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2009, to June 30, 2010; 2010; OFR; 2010-1161; Presley, Todd K.; Jamison, Marcael T. J.

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Year Published: 2010

Kiholo Bay, Hawaii, earthquake sequence of 2006: Relationship of the main shock slip with locations and source parameters of aftershocks

We study the source process of the Kīholo Bay earthquake (MW 6.7), which occurred beneath the northwest part of the Island of Hawai‘i on 15 October 2006, and static stress drops of small earthquakes that occurred in 2006 and 2007 around the main shock including aftershocks. We relocate the aftershocks to determine the fault plane from the two...

Yamada, Takuji; Okubo, Paul G.; Wolfe, Cecily
Yamada, Takuji, Okubo, P.G., and Wolfe, C.J., 2010, Kīholo Bay, Hawai‘i, earthquake sequence of 2006: Relationship of the main shock slip with locations and source parameters of aftershocks: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 115, B08304, 12 p., doi:10.1029/2009JB006657.

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June 1, 2020

Virtual flyover of Kīlauea summit

A helicopter overflight provided aerial photographs of Kīlauea caldera on May 29, and these photos were used to construct a 3D model. The water lake is visible as the tan area in the deepest portion of Halema‘uma‘u crater. For scale, the water lake is 270 m (885 ft) long and approximately 600 m (1970 ft) below the western caldera rim. USGS photos by K. Mulliken.

June 1, 2020

Video of Kīlauea summit from May 29 overflight

This wide-angle video was captured during a helicopter overflight on May 29, and skirts the southern border of Halema‘uma‘u crater. The water lake, filling the bottom of the crater, was tan and brown today, and showed no significant changes. USGS video by M. Patrick.

May 11, 2020

Halema‘uma‘u rockslide on May 11, 2020

A small rockslide occurred today on the south wall of Halema‘uma‘u, sending boulders into the water at the bottom of the crater. USGS video by M. Patrick.

Color photograph of technician on volcanic vent
May 6, 2020

HVO technician inspects power/communication station at Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō

HVO technician inspects power/communication station at Pu‘u ‘Ō‘ō on on April 16, 2020. USGS photos by F. Younger.

A scientists observes a volcano crater
April 6, 2020

A geologists makes observations at Kilauea

Clear weather allowed HVO geologists to make observations and take measurements of the water pond at Kīlauea's summit. No major changes were observed, and the water level continues to slowly rise. Note the former HVO observation tower can be seen above the geologist's helmet. 

March 26, 2020

Timelapse of water rising in Halema‘uma‘u

This timelapse sequence shows the water pond in Halema‘uma‘u Crater, at Kīlauea's summit, between November 1, 2019, and March 26, 2020. Over this time the water level rose approximately 14 meters (46 feet), equivalent to 67 cm (about 2 feet) per week. The timelapse shows one image per day (with a few cloudy images removed), and is looped several times.

March 18, 2020

Snow at Mauna Loa summit

Stormy weather moved through the islands over the past day, producing snow at the higher elevations of Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa. This sequence shows the webcam images at the summit of Mauna Loa, and the variable weather throughout the day.

Hawai'i 'Amakihi (Chlorodrepanis virens).
March 12, 2020

Hawai'i 'Amakihi (Chlorodrepanis virens).

Hawai'i 'Amakihi (Chlorodrepanis virens).

Scientist holds rope leading to Unoccupied Aircraft System
January 31, 2020

Unoccupied Aircraft System with water sampler

The sampling mechanism (on blue tarp) is prepared and the Unoccupied Aircraft System (UAS) is inspected just before take off to collect water from the Halema‘uma‘u crater lake. Brightly colored flagging tape tied to a cable attached to the UAS indicated depth as the sampling tool was lowered into the water. 

January 29, 2020

What will you do when Earth’s largest active volcano erupts?

In 2019, the Volcano Alert Level for Mauna Loa was elevated from “NORMAL” to “ADVISORY” due to increased seismicity and deformation at the volcano. This alert level does not mean an eruption is imminent, but it is a fact that Mauna Loa, which has erupted 33 times since 1843 (most recently in 1984), will erupt again. What will you do when it does? USGS Hawaiian Volcano

January 28, 2020

Seismicity of the 2018 Kīlauea Volcano eruption

The 2018 Kīlauea eruption produced unprecedented levels of seismicity in the volcano’s instrumented history. The USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory documented about 80,000 earthquakes during the three-month-long eruption, starting with the dramatic collapse of the Puʻu ʻŌʻō cone on April 30 and ending with the final Kīlauea summit caldera collapse event on August 5. The

January 21, 2020

Video of Fissure 8 flyover on January 21, 2020

This video clip shows a flyover of fissure 8 on Jan. 21. During the 2018 eruption, lava spilled out from the cone into a channel that extended towards the north. Lava traveled approximately 13 km (8 miles) to reach the ocean at Kapoho Bay. USGS video by M. Patrick.

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Screen shot of a USGS geonarrative showing Kilauea
September 19, 2019

A new USGS geonarrative provides a brief overview of recent Kīlauea eruptions, highlighting the circumstances leading up to and summarizing the 2018 events.

image related to volcanoes. See description
September 17, 2019

Stable temperatures at Halema‘uma‘u water pond

image related to volcanoes. See description
September 14, 2019

Halema‘uma‘u water pond on September 14

image related to volcanoes. See description
September 10, 2019

Halema‘uma‘u water pond on September 10

Halema‘uma‘u water pond—animated image file
September 9, 2019

Animated, comparison, and video imagery of the Halema‘uma‘u water pond.

view looking north across Mauna Loa's summit caldera
September 9, 2019

An early morning view looking north across Moku‘āweoweo, Mauna Loa's summit caldera, from a spot near the summit cabin on the volcano's south caldera rim.

The Hilina Pali on Kīlauea Volcano's south flank
August 29, 2019

The pali (cliffs) of Kīlauea's south flank are some of the volcano's most striking features. Reaching up to 500 m (1500 ft) high, they stand out against the otherwise gentle slopes of Hawai‘i's most active shield volcano.

pond of water in Halema‘uma‘ crater
August 26, 2019

On July 25, 2019, a helicopter pilot flying a U.S.Geological Survey mission over Kīlauea noticed an unusual green patch at the bottom of Halema‘uma‘u, the crater at the summit of the volcano.

False-Color Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager
August 22, 2019

Last month, the entire world celebrated the 50th anniversary of Apollo 11's triumphant flight to the moon and the first human footsteps on the surface of another planetary body on July 20, 1969. 

pond of water in Halema‘uma‘ crater
August 21, 2019

HVO geophysicist Jim Kauahikaua discusses the water pond in Halema‘uma‘u and what it means.

National Historical Park south of Kona on the big island of Hawaii
August 15, 2019

In the land of Kamehameha, south of Kona on the big island of Hawaii, a sacred landscape called Puʻuhonua O Hōnaunau faces the uncertainty of the rising seas.

The bones of royal chiefs rest there. Stories of how ancient Hawaiian lawbreakers flocked to this place of refuge still resonate throughout the 180-acre national historic park that surrounds Hōnaunau Bay.

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