Unified Interior Regions

Hawaii

The Pacific Region has nine USGS Science Centers in California, Nevada, and Hawaii. The Regional Office, headquartered in Sacramento, provides Center oversight and support, facilitates internal and external collaborations, and works to further USGS strategic science directions.

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Filter Total Items: 377
Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissure
July 22, 2018

As of 2:00 p.m. HST, July 22, 2018, the lava flow margins had not expanded since the previous map, so no red areas (indicating expansion) appear on this map.

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 21, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Saturday, July 21

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissure
July 19, 2018

Map as of 12:00 p.m. HST, July 19, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 19, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Thursday, July 19

Map showing lower East Rift Zone lava flows and fissure
July 18, 2018

Map as of 10:00 a.m. HST, July 18, 2018.

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 17, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Tuesday, July 17.

Map of Kīlauea East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
July 16, 2018

Map as of 1:00 p.m. HST, July 16, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 14, 2018

This thermal map shows the Fissure 8 flow as of 6 am on Saturday, July 14

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 12, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Thursday, July 12

Map of Kīlauea East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
July 12, 2018

Map as of 3:00 p.m. HST, July 12, 2018

Map of Kīlauea East Rift Zone lava flows and fissures
July 11, 2018

Map as of 1:00 p.m. HST, July 11, 2018

Thermal map of fissure system and lava flows
July 10, 2018

This thermal map shows the fissure system and lava flows as of 6 am on Tuesday, July 10.

Filter Total Items: 121
Publication Thumbnail
Year Published: 2003

Paleointensity in Hawaiian Scientific Drilling Project Hole (HSDP2): Results from submarine basaltic glass

Paleointensity estimates based on the high quality Thellier‐Thellier data from the early Brunhes (420–780 ka) are rare (only 30 in the published literature). The Second Hawaiian Scientific Drilling Project (HSDP2) drill hole recovered submarine volcanics spanning the approximate time period of 420–550 ka. These are of particular interest for...

Tauxe, L.; Love, Jeffrey J.

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Year Published: 2003

Environmental Setting and the Effects of Natural and Human-Related Factors on Water Quality and Aquatic Biota, Oahu, Hawaii

The island of Oahu is the third largest island of the State of Hawaii, and is formed by the eroded remnants of the Waianae and Koolau shield volcanoes. The landscape of Oahu ranges from a broad coastal plain to steep interior mountains. Rainfall is greatest in the mountainous interior parts of the island, and lowest near the southwestern coastal...

Oki, Delwyn S.; Brasher, Anne M.D.
Environmental Setting and the Effects of Natural and Human-Related Factors on Water Quality and Aquatic Biota, Oahu, Hawaii; 2003; WRI; 2003-4156; Oki, Delwyn S.; Brasher, Anne M. D.

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Year Published: 2003

Ground-Water Quality and its Relation to Land Use on Oahu, Hawaii, 2000-01

Water quality in the main drinking-water source aquifers of Oahu was assessed by a one-time sampling of untreated ground water from 30 public-supply wells and 15 monitoring wells. The 384 square-mile study area, which includes urban Honolulu and large tracts of forested, agricultural, and suburban residential lands in central Oahu, accounts for 93...

Hunt, Charles D.
Ground-Water Quality and its Relation to Land Use on Oahu, Hawaii, 2000-01; 2003; WRI; 2003-4305; Hunt, Charles D., Jr.

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Year Published: 2003

Land Use on the Island of Oahu, Hawaii, 1998

A hierarchical land-use classification system for Hawaii was developed, and land use on the island of Oahu was mapped. The land-use classification system emphasizes agriculture, developed (urban), and barren/mining uses. Areas with other land uses (conservation, forest reserve, natural areas, wetlands, water, and barren [sand, rock, or soil]...

Klasner, Frederick L.; Mikami, Clinton D.
Land Use on the Island of Oahu, Hawaii, 1998; 2003; WRI; 2002-4301; Klasner, Frederick L.; Mikami, Clinton D.

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Year Published: 2003

Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2002 to June 30, 2003

Storm runoff water-quality samples were collected as part of the State of Hawaii Department of Transportation Stormwater Monitoring Program. This program is designed to assess the effects of highway runoff and urban runoff on Halawa Stream. For this program, rainfall data was collected at two sites, continuous streamflow data at three sites, and...

Young, Stacie T.M.; Ball, Marcael T.J.
Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2002 to June 30, 2003; 2003; OFR; 2003-331; Young, Stacie T. M.; Ball, Marcael T. J.

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Year Published: 2003

Surface Water in Hawaii

Surface water in Hawaii is a valued resource as well as a potential threat to human lives and property. The surface-water resources of Hawaii are of significant economic, ecologic, cultural, and aesthetic importance. Streams supply more than 50 percent of the irrigation water in Hawaii, and although streams supply only a few percent of the...

Oki, Delwyn S.
Surface Water in Hawaii; 2003; FS; 045-03; Oki, Delwyn S.

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Year Published: 2002

Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2001 to June 30, 2002

The State of Hawaii Department of Transportation Stormwater Monitoring Program was implemented on January 1, 2001. The program includes the collection of rainfall, streamflow, and water-quality data at selected sites in the Halawa Stream drainage basin. Rainfall data were collected at two sites, and streamflow data were collected at 3 sites for...

Presley, Todd K.
Rainfall, Streamflow, and Water-Quality Data During Stormwater Monitoring, Halawa Stream Drainage Basin, Oahu, Hawaii, July 1, 2001 to June 30, 2002; 2002; OFR; 2002-319; Presley, Todd K.

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Year Published: 2002

Reassessment of ground-water recharge and simulated ground-water availability for the Hawi area of North Kohala, Hawaii

An estimate of ground-water availability in the Hawi area of north Kohala, Hawaii, is needed to determine whether ground-water resources are adequate to meet future demand within the area and other areas to the south. For the Hawi area, estimated average annual recharge from infiltration of rainfall, fog drip, and irrigation is 37.5 million...

Oki, Delwyn S.
Reassessment of Ground-Water Recharge and Simulated Ground-Water Availability for the Hawi Area of North Kohala, Hawaii; 2002; WRI; 2002-4006; Oki, Delwyn S.

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Year Published: 2002

Streamflow and Erosion Response to Prolonged Intense Rainfall of November 1-2, 2000, Island of Hawaii, Hawaii

A combination of several meteorologic and topographic factors produced extreme rainfall over the eastern part of the island of Hawaii on November 1-2, 2000. Storm rainfall was concentrated in two distinct areas, the Waiakea and Kapapala areas, where maximum rainfall totals of 32.47 and 38.97 inches were recorded. Resultant flooding caused damages...

Fontaine, Richard A.; Hill, Barry R.
Streamflow and Erosion Response to Prolonged Intense Rainfall of November 1-2, 2000, Island of Hawaii, Hawaii; 2002; WRI; 2002-4117; Fontaine, Richard A.; Hill, Barry R.

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Year Published: 2002

Numerical Simulation of Ground-Water Withdrawals in the Southern Lihue Basin, Kauai, Hawaii

Numerical simulations indicate that ground-water withdrawals from the Hanamaulu and Puhi areas of the southern Lihue Basin will result in a decline in water levels and reductions in base flows of streams near proposed new water-supply wells. Most of the changes will be attained within 10 to 20 years of the start of pumping. Except for areas such...

Izuka, Scot K.; Oki, Delwyn S.
Numerical Simulation of Ground-Water Withdrawals in the Southern Lihue Basin, Kauai, Hawaii; 2002; WRI; 2001-4200; Izuka, Scot K.; Oki, Delwyn S.

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Year Published: 2002

Whole-rock and glass major-element geochemistry of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii, near-vent eruptive products: September 1994 through September 2001

This report presents major-element geochemical data for glasses and whole-rock aliquots among 523 lava samples collected near the vent on Kilauea's east rift zone between September 1994 and October 2001. Information on sample collection, analysis techniques and analytical standard reproducibility are presented as a PDF file, which also includes a...

Thornber, Carl R.; Sherrod, David R.; Siems, David F.; Heliker, Christina C.; Meeker, Gregory P.; Oscarson, Robert L.; Kauahikaua, James P.
Whole-rock and glass major-element geochemistry of Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii, near-vent eruptive products: September 1994 through September 2001; 2002; OFR; 2002-17; Thornber, Carl R.; Sherrod, David R.; Siems, David F.; Heliker, Christina C.; Meeker, Gregory P.; Oscarson, Robert L.; Kauahikaua, James P.

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Year Published: 2002

Streamflow and Suspended-Sediment Loads Before, During, and After H-3 Highway Construction, North Halawa, Haiku, South Fork Kapunahala, and Kamooalii Drainage Basins, Oahu, Hawaii, 1983-99

A long-term study (1983?99) was conducted to determine the effects of the H-3 Highway construction on streamflow and suspended-sediment transport on Oahu, Hawaii. Data were collected at five streamflow-gaging stations before, during, and after construction and at two stream-gaging stations during and after construction. Drainage areas at the seven...

Wong, Michael F.; Yeatts, Daniel S.
Streamflow and Suspended-Sediment Loads Before, During, and After H-3 Highway Construction, North Halawa, Haiku, South Fork Kapunahala, and Kamooalii Drainage Basins, Oahu, Hawaii, 1983-99; 2002; WRI; 2002-4005; Wong, Michael F.; Yeatts, Daniel S.

Filter Total Items: 2,306
Wide view of the ongoing eruption within Halema'uma'u crater
October 3, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption in Halemaʻumaʻu crater - October 2, 2021

There have been no major changes in the ongoing eruption at Kīlauea summit over the past day. All eruptive activity is confined within Halema‘uma‘u crater, in Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park. The vent on the western wall and the fountain within the south-central portion of the lava lake remain the most vigorous and are producing the largest gas plumes. Sulfur dioxide (SO2

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A telephoto image of the northwestern margin of the lava lake within Halema‘uma‘u crater
October 3, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption in Halemaʻumaʻu crater - October 2, 2021

A telephoto image of the northwestern margin of the lava lake within Halema‘uma‘u crater, Kīlauea summit. An overflow of lava from the active lava lake (center) is covering a portion of the perched levee that has formed around the margin of the lake. UGSG photo taken by L. DeSmither on October 2, 2021.

A close-up view of the southeast margin of the lava lake within Halema‘uma‘u crater
October 3, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption in Halemaʻumaʻu crater - October 2, 2021

A close-up view of the southeast margin of the lava lake within Halema‘uma‘u crater, Kīlauea summit. Over the past few days, a levee has formed around most of the lava lakes perimeter to create a lake that is perched several meters (yards) above the solidified outer rim. On October 2, the levee shown in this image was approximately 3 meters (10 ft) high. UGSG photo taken

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A wide view of the active lava lake at Kīlauea summit from the south rim of Halemaʻumaʻu
October 3, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption in Halemaʻumaʻu crater - October 3, 2021

A wide view of the active lava lake at Kīlauea summit from the south rim of Halemaʻumaʻu on the morning of October 3, 2021. The west (left) and south (bottom center) vents are visible, with the west vent fountain heights measuring 10–15 meters (33–49 ft) and the south fissure fountains measuring up to 5 meters (16 ft) high. USGS photo by D. Downs.

Color photograph of active lava lake
October 2, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption in Halemaʻumaʻu crater - October 2, 2021

KWcam image taken on October 2, 2021, at 6 a.m. HST. This image shows the ongoing eruption within Halemaʻumaʻu crater at the summit of Kīlauea. The eruption began the afternoon of September 29, 2021, as fissures in the floor of the crater; this activity is generating a lava lake that is slowly filling the crater. USGS webcam image. 

Color photograph of active lava lake
October 2, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption in Halemaʻumaʻu crater - October 2, 2021

With permission from Hawa‘i Volcanoes National Park, Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) scientists continue to monitor the ongoing eruption within Halema‘uma‘u, at Kīlauea's summit. No significant changes have occurred over the past 24 hours. When HVO geologists are not in the field, webcameras, such as one pictured here, allow HVO staff and the public to monitor the

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Color photograph of scientist monitoring active lava lake
October 2, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption in Halemaʻumaʻu crater - October 2, 2021

The eruption in Halema‘uma‘u, at Kīlauea's summit, continues as of the evening of October 2, 2021. From the south rim of Halema‘uma‘u, this image shows at least three fountaining sources in the crater. Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists monitoring the eruption today noted that spatter from the fountain near the southeast edge of the island in the center of the lava

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Color photograph of active lava lake
October 2, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption in Halemaʻumaʻu crater - October 2, 2021

Lava continues to erupt from multiple vents on the base and west wall of Halemaʻumaʻu during the evening of October 2, 2021. Kīlauea summit sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission rates remain high and were estimated at around 20,000 tonnes per day the morning of September 30, 2021. This is significantly lower than the initial emission rates of 85,000 tonnes per day that were

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October 2, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption in Halemaʻumaʻu crater - October 2, 2021

Lava fountains from the western fissure vent in the Halema‘uma‘u crater wall, at Kīlauea's summit during the ongoing eruption. Sustained fountain heights from this fissure ranged from about 10–15 meters (33–49 ft) with occasional higher bursts of spatter. This video clip was recorded on October 2, 2021, from the western crater rim.

A telephoto image of the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u at the summit of Kīlauea
October 2, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption in Halemaʻumaʻu crater - October 2, 2021

A telephoto image of the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u at the summit of Kīlauea, taken from the south rim of the crater. The west vent continues to be the most vigorous source, with sustained lava fountain heights of 10–15 meters (33–49 ft). Spatter from the lava fountain continues to build a horseshoe-shaped cone around it. Glow from a much smaller adjacent vent to the north

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October 2, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption in Halemaʻumaʻu crater - October 2, 2021

Lava fountains through the southern part of the lava lake in Halema‘uma‘u, at Kīlauea's summit during the ongoing eruption. Sustained fountain heights from this fissure ranged from about 5–10 meters (16–33 ft) with occasional higher bursts of spatter. This video clip was recorded on October 2, 2021, from the southern crater rim.

A telephoto image of the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u at the summit of Kīlauea
October 2, 2021

Kīlauea summit eruption in Halemaʻumaʻu crater - October 2, 2021

A telephoto image of the west vent in Halema‘uma‘u at the summit of Kīlauea, taken from the western rim of the crater. This fountain continues to produce the largest volcanic gas plume. Hawaiian Volcano Observatory scientists continue to monitor the eruption from an area within Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park that remains closed to the public due to safety reasons. UGSG

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A zoomed-in view of the western vent within Halema‘uma‘u, at the summit of Kīlauea
May 25, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 229 m (751 ft) deep this morning, May 25. Summit gas emissions and seismic activity remain slightly elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

USGS science for a changing world
May 23, 2021

The U.S. Geological Survey's Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) recorded a magnitude-4.2 earthquake located beneath Kīlauea Volcano's south flank on Sunday, May 23, at 11:41 a.m., HST. 

Color photograph of lava lake and vent
May 21, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 229 m (751 ft) deep this morning, May 21. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Map showing earthquake activity
May 20, 2021

Many people in Kaʻū have noticed the swarm of earthquakes taking place during the past few years. These earthquakes are happening in a zone that is 29-40 km (18-25 miles) beneath Pāhala and extends south about 10 km (6 miles) offshore. Some of the largest earthquakes from this region have been felt throughout the Island of Hawai‘i. 

Thermal images of lava lake
May 20, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 229 m (751 ft) deep this morning, May 20. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Color photograph of lava lake
May 18, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 229 m (751 ft) deep this morning, May 18. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Color photograph of lava lake
May 17, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 229 m (751 ft) deep this morning, May 17. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

The area of solidified crust at the surface of Halema‘uma‘u's lava lake, has been growing over the past several weeks
May 14, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 229 m (751 ft) deep this morning, May 14. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

HVO’s continuous, automated laser rangefinder on the western rim of Halemaʻumaʻu
May 13, 2021

Kīlauea’s summit lava lake in Halemaʻumaʻu is approaching its five-month anniversary on Thursday, May 20, while the water lake that occupied the crater for the previous seventeen months seems like a distant memory. 

A wide view of Halema‘uma‘u from the western crater rim, at the summit of Kīlauea
May 12, 2021

Kīlauea's summit eruption continues on the Island of Hawai‘i; Halema‘uma‘u west vent erupts lava into the lava lake, which was 229 m (751 ft) deep this morning, May 12. Gas emissions and seismic activity at the summit remain elevated. HVO field crews—equipped with specialized safety gear—monitor the eruption from within the closed area of Hawai‘i Volcanoes National Park with NPS permission.

Color photograph of person in colorful shirt in front of rock wall
May 12, 2021

ANCHORAGE, Alaska — On May 9, 2021, Christina (Tina) Neal became the new director of the U.S. Geological Survey Volcano Science Center, home of the Alaska, California, Cascades, Hawaiian and Yellowstone volcano observatories.