Unified Interior Regions

Iowa

The U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) mission is to provide reliable scientific information about the Nation's natural resources. An integral part of that mission is to provide consistent, long-term water-resources data. To do so, the Central Midwest WSC operates a widespread surface and ground-water data collection network as well as research on a wide range of scientific issues.

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The U.S. Geological Survey's (USGS) mission is to provide reliable scientific information about the Nation's natural resources. An integral part of that mission is to provide consistent, long-term water-resources data. To do so, the Central Midwest WSC operates a widespread surface and ground-water data collection network as well as research on a wide range of scientific issues.

Link to Science Center

News

Filter Total Items: 25
Date published: June 26, 2019
Status: Active

Information by Region-Iowa

  

Date published: June 12, 2019
Status: Completed

Basin Characterization Model - Simulating Effects of Iowa Soil Management on Water Availability

As a result of climate change, heavy rainfall, as well as extended dry periods, are becoming more common in the Midwestern United States. These trends are only expected to continue. So, increasing the capacity of soil to store water has become more critical. Storing water increases availability in dry conditions. And the absorption of additional water in wet conditions reduces potential...

Date published: March 18, 2019
Status: Active

Iowa Alluvial Aquifer

This study is part of ongoing research in Iowa to investigate the availability (quantity and quality) of water in alluvial aquifers that are used for agricultural, domestic, municipal, and industrial supplies. Previous research included modeling and delineation of ground water flow in the Mississippi River, Des Moines River, iowa, and Cedar River alluvial aquifers. The water quality of these...

Date published: February 26, 2019
Status: Completed

September 2016 Northern Plains Floods

Learn more about USGS flood activities related to the September 2016 Northern Plains Floods when more than 12 inches of rain fell in northeast Iowa, southeast Minnesota, and southwest Wisconsin during a 24-hour period on September 22 and 23, 2016.

Date published: February 25, 2019
Status: Completed

June 2014 floods in South Dakota, Minnesota, and Iowa

Learn more about USGS flood activities related to the June 2014 Floods in South Dakota, Minnesota, and Iowa.

Date published: February 25, 2019
Status: Completed

May-June 2013 Midwest Floods

Learn more about USGS flood activities related to the May-June 2013 Midwest Floods.

Date published: February 25, 2019
Status: Completed

April-May 2013 Midwest Floods

Learn more about USGS flood activities related to the April-May 2013 Midwest Floods caused by heavy rainfall and late snow-melt in six states.

Date published: February 25, 2019
Status: Completed

Summer 2011 Missouri River Basin flood

Learn more about USGS flood activities related to the 2011 Missouri River Basin Flood resulting from higher-than-average snowmelt runoff combined with heavy spring rains.

Date published: December 7, 2018
Status: Archived

Forest City Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Forest City Basin Province (5056).

     

    Date published: December 7, 2018
    Status: Active

    Iowa Shelf Oil and Gas Assessments

    The U.S. Geological Survey completed the following assessments of undiscovered oil and gas potential of the Iowa Shelf Province (5052).

       

      Date published: November 28, 2018
      Status: Active

      Natural Drought and Flood Histories from Lacustrine Archives

      Previous work performed as part of the USGS Holocene Synthesis project illuminated complex centennial-scale patterns of drought and wetter-than-average conditions across the North American continent interior during the past two millennia, where paleorecord data coverage is sparse.  In order to explain the patterns of naturally-occurring drought, floods, and storms for the past, identified by...

      Filter Total Items: 23
      Date published: May 19, 2020

      Geophysical Data Collected in the Cedar River Floodplain, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 2015-2017

      A suite of geophysical methods was used along the Cedar River in Cedar Rapids, Iowa to support the hydrogeologic characterization of the alluvial aquifer associated with the river and to assess the area for suitability for larger-scale airborne geophysics. The aquifer is comprised of sand and gravel, interbedded with finer sediments, and underlain by carbonate-dominated bedrock. The aquife...

      Date published: April 23, 2020

      Domestic Wells in the United States

      Domestic wells provide drinking water supply for approximately 40 million people in the United States. Knowing the location of these wells, and the populations they serve, is important for identifying heavily used aquifers, locations susceptible to contamination, and populations potentially impacted by poor-quality groundwater. 

      Date published: October 15, 2019

      Principal facts of regional gravity data in northeast Iowa

      Gravity data were collected from 2016 through 2018 to assist in mapping subsurface geology in northeastern Iowa. This data release provides principal facts for 1080 new gravity stations that were acquired to supplement existing public gravity data coverage.

      Date published: July 12, 2019

      Crustal Architecture Beneath the Southern Midcontinent (USA) -- Data Grids and 3D Geophysical Models

      Regional grid files and 3D voxel models were used to study crustal architecture beneath the Southern Midcontinent (USA) by McCafferty and others (2019). The study covered a rectangular, multi-state area of 924 by 924 kilometers centered on Missouri, and a corresponding volume extending from the topographic surface to a depth of 50 kilometers below sea level. The grid files consist of

      Date published: December 6, 2018

      Downloadable Data for Forest City Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

      GIS Data for Forest City Basin Oil and Gas Assessments

      Date published: December 6, 2018

      Downloadable Data for Iowa Shelf Oil and Gas Assessments

      GIS Data for Iowa Shelf Oil and Gas Assessments 

      Date published: October 5, 2018

      Annual Water Data Reports - Iowa, Illinois, and Missouri

      Beginning with Water Year 2006 and ending with Water Year 2013, annual water data reports were made available as individual electronic Site Data Sheets for the entire Nation for retrieval, download, and localized printing on demand. As of 2014, NWISWeb now provides an on-demand, print-ready Water-Year Summary as an annual water-data product.

      Date published: August 28, 2018

      USGS Domestic Continuous (Unconventional) Oil & Gas Assessments, 2000-Present

      Interactively explore assessment summary information for continuous (unconventional) assessments conducted at the USGS from 2000-2018. The assessment results data used to generate this visualization can be downloaded here in Excel Format.  These data represent all assessment results...

      Date published: August 13, 2018

      Airborne electromagnetic and magnetic survey data and inverted resistivity models, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, May 2017

      Airborne electromagnetic (AEM) and magnetic survey data were collected by CGG Canada Services Ltd. in collaboration with the US Geological Survey (USGS) for the City of Cedar Rapids in a 53-square-kilometer area of the Cedar River Basin to the west of Cedar Rapids, Iowa. The survey was flown between May 4 and May 5, 2017 along 347 line kilometers. Electromagnetic data were acquired us

      Date published: January 1, 2018

      Nitrapyrin, 6-CPA, and herbicide concentrations in agricultural soils, subsurface drains, and corresponding streams in the Midwestern US

      Nitrapyrin is a nitrification inhibitor that is co-applied with N-fertilizer in agroecosystems. Over the course of one year (March 2016 to June 2017), 192 water samples from seven streams across Iowa and Illinois were analyzed for nitrapyrin, its degradate 6-chloropicolinic acid (6-CPA), and three widely used herbicides acetochlor, atrazine, and metolachlor. Additional environme

      Date published: September 1, 2017

      National Water Information System web interface (NWISweb)

      The National Water Information System (NWIS) web application provides access to real-time and historical surface-water, groundwater, water-quality, and water-use data collected at approximately 1.5 million sites across all 50 states.

      Filter Total Items: 4
      USGS Fluvial Erosion Hazards (FEH) Primer
      February 9, 2021

      This primer highlights methods used in regional and reach-scale assessments of fluvial erosion hazards (FEH)Fluvial erosion includes bed erosion, meaning lowering of the bed of a stream, as well as bank erosion, which refers to the retreat of stream banks that occurs as a stream widens or migrates laterally.

      Black and grey map of the contiguous 48 states shaded by the number of people using domestic wells per square kilometer (2010)
      April 23, 2020

      Domestic wells provide drinking water supply for approximately 40 million people in the United States. Knowing the location of these wells, and the populations they serve, is important for identifying heavily used aquifers, locations susceptible to contamination, and populations potentially impacted by poor-quality groundwater. 

      Digital Elevation Model in the Atchafalaya Basin, LA
      April 19, 2016

      The 3DEP products and services available through The National Map consist of standard digital elevation models (DEMs) at various horizontal resolutions, elevation source and associated datasets, an elevation point query service and bulk point query service. All 3DEP products are available, free of charge and without use restrictions.

      Filter Total Items: 19
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      Year Published: 2018

      Transport of nitrogen and phosphorus in the Cedar River Basin, Iowa and Minnesota, 2000–15

      Nitrate concentrations in the Cedar River in Iowa and Minnesota have increased from an average of less than 1.0 milligram per liter in the early 1900s to more than 5.0 milligrams per liter in the 2000s and have resulted in periodic water-quality impairment of the river. Spatial differences and temporal changes in nitrogen and phosphorus transport...

      Kalkhoff, Stephen J.
      Kalkhoff, S.J., 2018, Transport of nitrogen and phosphorus in the Cedar River Basin, Iowa and Minnesota, 2000–15: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2018–5090, 44 p., https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20185090.

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      Year Published: 2016

      St. Louis area earthquake hazards mapping project; seismic and liquefaction hazard maps

      We present probabilistic and deterministic seismic and liquefaction hazard maps for the densely populated St. Louis metropolitan area that account for the expected effects of surficial geology on earthquake ground shaking. Hazard calculations were based on a map grid of 0.005°, or about every 500 m, and are thus higher in resolution than any...

      Cramer, Chris H.; Bauer, Robert A.; Chung, Jae-won; Rogers, David; Pierce, Larry; Voigt, Vicki; Mitchell, Brad; Gaunt, David; Williams, Robert; Hoffman, David; Hempen, Gregory L.; Steckel, Phyllis; Boyd, Oliver S.; Watkins, Connor M.; Tucker, Kathleen; McCallister, Natasha
      Cramer C.H., Bauer R.A., Chung J.-W., Rogers J.D., Pierce L., Voigt V., Mitchell B., Gaunt D., Williams R.A., Hoffman D., Hempen G.L., Steckel P.J., Boyd O.S., Watkins C.M., Tucker K., McCallister N.S. St. Louis area earthquake hazards mapping project; seismic and liquefaction hazard maps Seismological Research Letters, January, 2017, Vol. 88, Issue 1, pp. 206-223

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      Year Published: 2016

      Historical files from Federal Government mineral exploration-assistance programs, 1950 to 1974

      The Defense Minerals Administration (DMA), Defense Minerals Exploration Administration (DMEA), and Office of Minerals Exploration (OME) mineral exploration programs were active over the period 1950–1974. Under these programs, the Federal Government contributed financial assistance in the exploration for certain strategic and critical minerals. The...

      Frank, David G.
      Frank, D.G., 2016, Historical files from Federal Government mineral exploration-assistance programs, 1950 to 1974: U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1004, http://dx.doi.org/10.3133/ds1004.

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      Year Published: 2015

      A random-walk algorithm for modeling lithospheric density and the role of body forces in the evolution of the Midcontinent Rift

      This paper develops a Monte Carlo algorithm for extracting three-dimensional lithospheric density models from geophysical data. Empirical scaling relationships between velocity and density create a 3D starting density model, which is then iteratively refined until it reproduces observed gravity and topography. This approach permits deviations from...

      Levandowski, William Brower; Boyd, Oliver S.; Briggs, Richard W.; Gold, Ryan D.
      Levandowski, W., Boyd, O., Briggs, R. and Gold, R. (2015), A random-walk algorithm for modeling lithospheric density and the role of body forces in the evolution of the Midcontinent Rift. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst.. Accepted Author Manuscript. doi:10.1002/2015GC005961

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      Year Published: 2012

      Selected water-quality data from the Cedar River and Cedar Rapids well fields, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 2006-10

      The Cedar River alluvial aquifer is the primary source of municipal water in the Cedar Rapids, Iowa area. Municipal wells are completed in the alluvial aquifer approximately 40 to 80 feet below land surface. The City of Cedar Rapids and the U.S. Geological Survey have been conducting a cooperative study of the groundwater-flow system and water...

      Littin, Gregory R.
      Selected water-quality data from the Cedar River and Cedar Rapids well fields, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 2006-10; 2012; DS; 657; Littin, Gregory R.

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      Year Published: 2011

      Using observed postconstruction peak discharges to evaluate a hydrologic and hydraulic design model, Boneyard Creek, Champaign and Urbana, Illinois

      Boneyard Creek—which drains an urbanized watershed in the cities of Champaign and Urbana, Illinois, including part of the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) campus—has historically been prone to flooding. Using the Stormwater Management Model (SWMM), a hydrologic and hydraulic model of Boneyard Creek was developed for...

      Over, Thomas M.; Soong, David T.; Holmes, Robert R.
      Using observed postconstruction peak discharges to evaluate a hydrologic and hydraulic design model, Boneyard Creek, Champaign and Urbana, Illinois; 2011; SIR; 2011-5176; Over, Thomas M.; Soong, David T.; Holmes, Robert R. Jr.

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      Year Published: 2011

      Nest success of northern bobwhite on managed and unmanaged landscapes in southeast Iowa

      Range‐wide declines in northern bobwhite populations (Colinus virginianus) have been attributed to concomitant loss of breeding habitat. Bobwhite management efforts to restore this habitat resource can be informed by empirical studies of associations between breeding success and multi‐scale habitat attributes. We compared bobwhite nest success in...

      Potter, Lisa M.; Otis, David L.; Bogenschutz, Todd R.

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      Year Published: 2011

      Assessing the role of conspecific attraction in habitat restoration for Henslow's sparrows in Iowa

      The presence of conspecific individuals may provide important cues about habitat quality for territorial songbirds. We tested the ability of a conspecific song playback system to attract Henslow’s sparrows to previously unoccupied restored habitat. We successfully attracted Heslow’s sparrows to 3 of 7 treatment plots using conspecific...

      Vogel, Jennifer A.; Koford, Rolf R.; Otis, David L.

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      Year Published: 2010

      Calibrating recruitment estimates for mourning doves from harvest age ratios

      We examined results from the first national-scale effort to estimate mourning dove (Zenaida macroura) age ratios and developed a simple, efficient, and generalizable methodology for calibrating estimates. Our method predicted age classes of unknown-age wings based on backward projection of molt distributions from fall harvest collections to...

      Miller, David A.; Otis, David L.

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      Year Published: 2010

      Selected Water-Quality Data from the Cedar River and Cedar Rapids Well Fields, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 1999-2005

      The Cedar River alluvial aquifer is the primary source of municipal water in the Cedar Rapids, Iowa area. Municipal wells are completed in the alluvial aquifer at approximately 40 to 80 feet deep. The City of Cedar Rapids and the U.S. Geological Survey have been conducting a cooperative study of the groundwater-flow system and water quality near...

      Littin, Gregory R.; Schnoebelen, Douglas J.
      Selected Water-Quality Data from the Cedar River and Cedar Rapids Well Fields, Cedar Rapids, Iowa, 1999-2005; 2010; DS; 494; Littin, Gregory R.; Schnoebelen, Douglas J.

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      Year Published: 2009

      Effects of commercial harvest on shovelnose sturgeon populations in the Upper Mississippi River

      Shovelnose sturgeon Scaphirhynchus platorynchus have become an increasingly important commercial species in the upper Mississippi River (UMR) because of the collapse of foreign sturgeon (family Acipenseridae) populations and bans on imported caviar. In response to concerns about the sustainability of the commercial shovelnose sturgeon fishery in...

      Koch, Jeff D.; Quist, Michael C.; Pierce, Clay L.; Hansen, Kirk A.; Steuck, Michael J.

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      Year Published: 2009

      Individual variation in baseline and stress-induced corticosterone and prolactin levels predicts parental effort by nesting mourning doves

      Endocrine systems have an important mechanistic role in structuring life-history trade-offs. During breeding, individual variation in prolactin (PRL) and corticosterone (CORT) levels affects behavioral and physiological processes that drive trade-offs between reproduction and self-maintenance. We examined patterns in baseline (BL) and stress...

      Miller, David A.; Vleck, Carol M.; Otis, David L.

      Filter Total Items: 36
      October 23, 2020

      Image of the Week - Iowa Fields Flattened

      The punishing derecho storm that struck the Midwest in early August had an immediate impact on Iowa's farm fields. But it took weeks for the long term damage to appear in satellite imagery. Landsat 8 passed over central Iowa just one day after 100 mile per hour winds pummeled fields of corn and soybeans leaving thousands without power. The lighter shades of green in  the

      Ecomapper Autonomous Underwater Vehicle
      October 13, 2020

      Ecomapper Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV)

      The Ecomapper is an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) that is a specialized submersibile device that operates by propelling through a water body between points along a constant depth.

      Agricultural field with row crops and pesticide sprayer
      June 30, 2020

      Pesticides sprayed on a soybean field in Iowa

      Pesticides sprayed on agricultural fields and on urban landscaping can run off into nearby streams and rivers. Here, pesticides are being sprayed on a soybean field in Iowa.

      April 16, 2019

      Variable Warming Upper Midwest Lakes and Implications for Sport Fish

      Climate change is predicted to alter sport fish communities in Midwestern lakes, but managers currently have limited information on individual lakes that can be used to set local expectations or intervene with mitigation strategies. Northeast and North Central CASC supported researchers, with strong participation from the Midwest Glacial Lakes Partnership, have combined

      USGS crews respond to flooding on the Big Sioux River
      March 17, 2019

      USGS crews respond to flooding on the Big Sioux River

      USGS technician Chris Broz helps take water measurements on the Big Sioux River during record flooding in March, 2019.

      USGS technician stands next to a boat on a flooded and debris-filled landscape
      March 17, 2019

      Spring 2019 Flooding - Big Sioux River, Akron, IA

      After record flooding on the Big Sioux River, USGS crews mobilized to take important water measurements.

      A USGS technician deploys a water measurement tool from a bridge to measure floodwaters
      March 16, 2019

      Spring 2019 Flooding - Big Sioux River, Hawarden, IA

      After record flooding on the Big Sioux River, USGS crews mobilized to take important water measurements.

      March 16, 2019

      Spring 2019 Flooding - Big Sioux River

      After record flooding on the Big Sioux River, USGS crews mobilized to take important water measurements.

      Image from an application that navigates users through USGS National Oil and Gas Assessment Provinces
      November 14, 2018

      National Oil and Gas Assessment Provinces

      This is a graphic from the USGS National Oil and Gas Assessment Explorer application, which allows user to drill into 70 oil and gas assessment provinces throughout the United States.

      Assessing bridge scour countermeasures
      August 17, 2018

      Assessing bridge scour countermeasures

      USGS hydrologist Taylor Dudunake assesses the rip-rap countermeasure along the pier of the Iowa State Route 76 bridge over the Upper Iowa River near Dorchester, Iowa. The assessment was part of a nationwide study of bridge scour countermeasures the USGS conducted on behalf of the Federal Highway Administration. 

      Cedar Rapids
      December 31, 2017

      Greg Delzer Talking with the Local Press Regarding the AEM Flight Plan

      USGS Scientist, Greg Delzer, talking with the local press regarding the AEM flight plan and details on what USGS and others will be collecting and analyzing.

      Cedar Rapids
      December 31, 2017

      RESOLVE bird used to collect airborne electromagnetic data

      USGS team of scientists were on site before the survey to help answer questions and go over last minute flight and data collection details. (Photo includes individuals from USGS: Iowa/Illinois Water Science Center, Dakota Water Science Center, Denver Crustal Geophysics Group, Office of Communication, and Branch of Geophysics)

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      Dragonfly larvae being held in an open hand
      July 21, 2020

      A team of federal, academic, and NGO researchers conducted a national-scale assessment of mercury bioaccumulation in aquatic ecosystems using dragonfly larvae as biosentinels.

      Centennial Bridge, Mississippi River at Davenport Iowa
      September 20, 2019

      U.S. Geological Survey expands its network of water-quality sensors to include the American Queen Steamboat as she travels the entire length of the Mississippi River collecting nutrient levels and water-quality data along the way.  (Image Courtesy: Iowa Public Radio, Iowa City, Iowa, limited use USGS only)

      Image: Big Sioux River at Akron, Iowa, 2010
      May 10, 2019

      Reporters: Do you want to accompany a USGS field crew as they inspect high-water marks? Please contact Marisa Lubeck or Paul Rydlund. 

      Photo of a young girl drinking water, which likely originated from groundwater sources. 
      December 7, 2017

      A regional assessment of untreated groundwater in the Cambrian-Ordovician aquifer system, which includes parts of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, Iowa, Illinois, Missouri and Indiana, is now available from the U.S. Geological Survey.

      Exterior of a municipal water pumping station
      December 6, 2017

      Oxygen levels, dissolved minerals among factors responsible for high concentrations of radium in untreated water from aquifer that underlies six states

      Image of a red dye study conducted in the Brandon Road Lock on the Des Plaines River near Joliet, Illinois, in 2015.
      June 6, 2017

      U.S. Geological Survey scientists will inject a harmless, bright red fluorescent dye into the auxiliary lock at Locks and Dam 14 on the Mississippi River near Pleasant Valley, Iowa, Tuesday, June 13, 2017, weather permitting. If needed, a backup date is scheduled for June 27, 2017.  

      Low-flying helicopter survey
      April 27, 2017

      Starting on May 2 and lasting for about two days, a helicopter towing a large, cylindrical sensor will make low-level flights over parts of Cedar Rapids as part of a groundwater survey.

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