Unified Interior Regions

South Dakota

Surface water and groundwater provide important water supplies in South Dakota. Major rivers include the Big Sioux, James, Cheyenne, and Missouri Rivers. Key aquifers include the Dakota, Madison, Minnelusa, and Big Sioux aquifers. The Dakota Water Science Center has many studies that focus on these resources as well various other national and international studies. 

Link to Science Center

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 94
Date published: September 6, 2017

Rosebud Sioux Tribe and U.S. Geological Survey Collaboration for Groundwater Flow Modeling of the Ogallala and Arikaree Aquifers

Project Period: 2006-2009
Cooperators: Rosebud Sioux Tribe
Project Chief: Andy Long

Date published: September 5, 2017
Status: Active

Simulation of Groundwater Flow in the Madison and Minnelusa Aquifers, Black Hills Area

Project Period: 2011-2018
Cooperator: National Park Service, Black Hills National Forest, City of Rapid City, West Dakota Water Development District
Project Chief: Bill Eldridge

Contacts: Bill Eldridge
Date published: September 5, 2017
Status: Active

Real-time, Continuous Nitrate Monitoring of the Big Sioux River near Sioux Falls, South Dakota

Project Period: ongoing
Cooperators: City of Sioux Falls and East Dakota Water Development District
Project Chief: Galen Hoogestraat

Date published: September 1, 2017

Study to Examine Water-Quality Concerns within Mount Rushmore National Memorial

Project Period: 2011-2016
Cooperators: Mount Rushmore National Memorial
Project Chief: Galen Hoogestraat

Date published: August 29, 2017
Status: Active

Characterizing the Hydrogeological Framework for the Cedar River Alluvial Aquifer System near Cedar Rapids, Iowa, using Airborne Electromagnetic Surveys

Project Period: 2016-18
Cooperators: City of Cedar Rapids
Project Chiefs: Eddie Haj (Iowa/Illinois Water Science Center) and Joshua Valder (Dakota Water Science Center)

Contacts: Joshua Valder
Date published: August 29, 2017

Water-Quality Monitoring of Canyon Lake

Project Period: May 2017 - September 2018
Cooperator: West Dakota Water Development District
Project Chief: Galen Hoogestraat

Date published: August 29, 2017
Status: Completed

Implementing a Web-Based Streamflow Statistics Tool for South Dakota (StreamStats)

The objective of this study is to provide a Web-based interactive tool (StreamStats) for determining streamflow statistics for any stream location within South Dakota for which applicable streamflow regression equations have been published.

Contacts: Ryan F Thompson
Date published: August 28, 2017
Status: Completed

South Dakota Watershed Boundary Dataset

Dataset for South Dakota Watershed Boundary.

Contacts: Ryan F Thompson
Date published: August 28, 2017
Status: Completed

Armenia - Building Groundwater Management Capacity for the Ararat Valley

Project Period: 2016-17
Cooperator: U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)
Project Chief: Joshua Valder

Contacts: Joshua Valder
Date published: August 16, 2017


Frequently Asked Questions

Date published: August 7, 2017

Water Use in South Dakota

Water Use in South Dakota

Filter Total Items: 400
Water Sampling Locations Rapid Creek and Canyon Lake
June 8, 2018

Water Sampling Locations Rapid Creek and Canyon Lake

Water-quality sampling locations on Rapid Creek and Canyon Lake in Rapid City, SD.

May 16, 2018

An Overview of EROS

The EROS mission is to document and study changes to earth. With a vast archive of imagery from multiple sources, the EROS archive is the longest continuous record or earth's changing landscapes.

Alkalinity Sample Analysis to Ensure Accuracy of Field Results
May 1, 2018

Alkalinity Sample Analysis to Ensure Accuracy of Field Results


USGS Field Technician, Kammy Durham, analyzing an alkalinity sample for the National Field Quality Assurance (NFQA) project.  Nationwide, hundreds of field measurements are made daily by USGS field analysts. The data reported by the NFQA project provides a confidence level to these field measurements by testing the proficiency of the instruments and the field

April 16, 2018

10th Anniversary of Landsat's Free & Open Data Policy

Leaders in the field of remote sensing discuss working with Landsat data since it began in 1972. With the change to a free and open policy 10 years ago, new and exciting possibilities have opened up.

March 27, 2018

Landsat in Action - Advocating for Landsat with Kass Green

Kass Green talks about the role Landsat plays to help create high resolution maps, the benefits of the archive at EROS and the value of Landsat imagery to agencies throughout the government.

March 26, 2018

FORE-SCE Land Use Model with Terry Sohl

Terry Sohl talks about the FORE-SCE Land Use model that is being used to assist a variety of groups. the model uses land cover products from the USGS and extrapolates that data to predict what areas will look like in the future, based on a variety of scenarios.

March 16, 2018

LP DAAC Prospectus 2017 - 2019

The “LP DAAC Prospectus: 2017 to 2019” short video features the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC), a key access point for global land remote sensing data. The video provides an overview of the significance of the LP DAAC’s archive and distribution functions, explains the depth of the user

Ice Jam on White River near White River, SD (06447450)
March 15, 2018

Ice Jam on White River near White River, SD (06447450)

Ice jam on the White River near White River, SD (USGS streamgage 06447450) on March 15, 2018. Ice jams occur when floating ice carried with a stream’s current accumulate at any obstruction to the stream flow. These ice jams can develop near river bends, mouths of tributaries, areas of decreased river slope, and upstream of obstructions like bridges. Ice jams can cause

 Groundwater-Level Measurement near Jewel Cave National Monument, SD
March 9, 2018

Groundwater-Level Measurement near Jewel Cave National Monument, SD

USGS groundwater hydrologist, Bill Eldridge, is lowering a transducer into an observation well near Jewel Cave National Monument to monitor water-level changes in the Madison aquifer. The data collected will be used to update previously published groundwater-altitude maps to help better understand groundwater flow. The work is being conducted in cooperation with the

February 27, 2018

Landsat's Calibration and Validation

Engineers and scientists from both Landsat and Sentinel missions are working together to calibrate observation data and validate its quality to improve the science using these resources.

February 26, 2018

Landsat in Action - Forestry Research with Warren Cohen

Warren Cohen with the USDA Forest Service talks about the value of Landsat's long history of observations in monitoring and assessing forests.

February 13, 2018

Getting Started with VIIRS Surface Reflectance Data Part 3

This video focuses on how to interpret quality information for Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) Surface Reflectance data products created by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). VIIRS is a sensor that flies on the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (S-NPP) satellite, which was launched as a partnership between the National

Filter Total Items: 129
collage of scientists conducting science related to each mission are
September 2, 2014

A U.S. Geological Survey streamgage will be dedicated by Congressional and city officials on September 3 in Rapid City. This showcase streamgage is located on Rapid Creek at Rapid City in Founders Park and will provide visitors with critical information about how streamflow is measured and other water-resource issues related to floods, droughts, water supply and recreation.

July 28, 2014

Streamflow in the eastern portions of the Missouri River watershed has increased over the past 52 years, whereas other parts have seen downward trends. 

USGS science for a changing world logo
June 19, 2014

U.S. Geological Survey field crews are measuring flooding on the Big Sioux River and its tributaries in South Dakota.

USGS science for a changing world logo
March 26, 2014

The public and media are invited to attend a free conference about critical South Dakota water issues on April 9 in Rapid City. The John T. Loucks Distinguished Lecturer, Dr. Thomas Loveland of the U.S. Geological Survey EROS Data Center, will deliver “Landsat 8: A Sharper Eye in the Sky” during the luncheon.

Digital Surface Watersheds superimposed along the U.S. and Candian International Boundary on satellite image of North America.
February 19, 2014

Clearer views of waters along the U.S. and Canadian border are now possible with new seamless digital maps. These maps make it easier to solve complex water issues that require a thorough understanding of drainage systems on both sides of the International Boundary.

USGS science for a changing world logo
February 11, 2014

One year ago, on February 11, 2013, NASA launched the Landsat 8 Earth-observing satellite from Vandenberg Air Force Base near Lompoc, California.

December 19, 2013

Secretary of the Interior Sally Jewell announced today that Interior's North Central Climate Science Center is awarding slightly more than one million dollars to universities and other partners for research to guide managers of parks, refuges and other cultural and natural resources in planning how to help species and ecosystems adapt to climate change.

February 22, 2013

The U.S. Geological Survey has released a new report detailing changes of groundwater levels in the High Plains Aquifer. The report presents water-level change data in the aquifer in two separate periods: from 1950–the time prior to significant groundwater irrigation development–to 2011, and 2009 to 2011. 

August 6, 2012

Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS), will be used August 21-23 to monitor Missouri River bank erosion on the Lower Brule Reservation, S.D. 

July 19, 2012

Streamflow levels are below normal across much of the Midwest states of Iowa, Nebraska, Illinois and Wisconsin, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. Many states are experiencing severe drought, such as Iowa, where flows are less than 25 percent of normal streamflow conditions for the majority of the state. 

May 30, 2012

Flood Markers in Rapid City Vicinity Highlight ‘72 Flood Levels