Unified Interior Regions

Virginia

Virginia has a total area of 42,774.2 square miles, including 3,180.13 square miles of water, making it the 35th-largest state by area. The Chesapeake Bay separates the contiguous portion of the Commonwealth from the two-county peninsula of its Eastern Shore. The geography and climate of the Commonwealth are shaped by the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Chesapeake Bay.

Virginia - West Virginia Water Science Center

Virginia - West Virginia Water Science Center

1730 East Parham Road
Richmond, VA 23228

Phone: (804) 261-2600
Fax: (804) 261-2657

VA WV Water

States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 136
Date published: June 24, 2017
Status: Active

Hampton Roads Benchmark Monitoring Network

The southern Chesapeake Bay region is experiencing land subsidence along with rising sea levels, both of which can contribute to coastal flooding. The rates at which these two processes are occurring are not exactly known. Mapping of land elevation change requires ground-truth survey data at multiple locations that are accurate and precise. With the exception of a few CORS sites that have...

Date published: June 21, 2017
Status: Active

Great Dismal Swamp carbon dynamics

The Land Use and Carbon Scenario Simulator (LUCAS) model was used to develop a baseline carbon (C) budget for the Great Dismal Swamp, VA., using an annualized Stock-Flow approach. The model infrastructure will be used going forward to assist with future land management and ecosystem services assessments.

 

 

Date published: June 15, 2017
Status: Active

Hydrologic Monitoring and Analysis to Support Water Resource Management in the City of Roanoke

The U.S. Geological Survey, partnering with the City of Roanoke and Virginia Tech, are working to monitor the water volume and quality in streams throughout the City of Roanoke. There are currently six monitoring stations within the city. Water-quality data are collected at five stations through real-time monitors and manual sampling to support the estimation of suspended sediment loads. The...

Contacts: James Webber
Date published: May 12, 2017
Status: Active

Climate Change in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed: Effects on Riverine Discharge, Ecosystems, and Water Quality

The 64,000-square mile watershed that drains to the Chesapeake Bay is highly populated and has diverse land use, including forested, agricultural, and urbanized areas. Increased precipitation in the eastern United States over the last 100 years has affected stream flow and thus the loading of pollutants delivered to the bay. Such pollutants as suspended sediment and dissolved phosphorus and...

Contacts: Karen C Rice
Date published: May 6, 2017
Status: Active

USGS-VDOT Bridge Scour Pilot Study

Cost effective and safe highway bridge designs are required to ensure the long-term sustainability of Virginia’s road systems. The water flows that, over time, scour streambed sediments from bridge piers inherently affect bridge safety and design costs. To ensure safety, bridge designs must anticipate streambed scour at bridge piers over the lifespan of a bridge. Until recently Federal Highway...

Contacts: Samuel H Austin, John H. Matthews, PE
Date published: May 1, 2017
Status: Active

GIS-based landscape analysis to identify sources of endocrine disrupting chemicals

A key component to assessing the contaminant exposure pathways in streams and rivers of the Chesapeake Bay is using GIS-based landscape analysis to identify sources of endocrine disrupting chemicals. Municipal and industrial wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) discharges are potentially major sources of EDCs to streams, and therefore understanding the de facto wastewater reuse (represented as...

Date published: April 27, 2017
Status: Active

Summary of Nutrient and Sediment Loads and Trends in the Cheseapeake Watershed

Changes in nitrogen, phosphorus, and suspended-sediment loads in rivers across the Chesapeake Bay watershed have been calculated using monitoring data from the Chesapeake Bay Nontidal Water-Quality Monitoring Network (NTN). These results are used to help assess efforts to decrease nutrient and sediment loads being delivered to the bay. Additional information for each monitoring station is...

Date published: April 27, 2017
Status: Completed

Load and Trends Results Through Water Year 2015

Changes in nitrogen, phosphorus, and suspended-sediment loads in rivers across the Chesapeake Bay watershed have been calculated using monitoring data from the nine Chesapeake Bay River Input Monitoring (RIM) stations.  

Date published: January 24, 2017
Status: Active

USGS works with academic and CBP partners to summarize science on water-quality

Pollution-reducing practices can improve water quality in the Chesapeake Bay and its rivers and streams, according to new research from the Chesapeake Bay Program partnership. In a report released today, a number of case studies show that “best management practices”—including upgrading wastewater treatment plants, lowering vehicle and power plant emissions and reducing runoff from farmland—...

Date published: December 9, 2016
Status: Active

Managing the Extinction Risk of the Shenandoah Salamander

The Shenandoah salamander is an endangered salamander that is at risk of extinction due to its small, high-elevation range, competition with the co-occurring red-backed salamander, and the predicted future climate in the Appalachian mountain range. We are working with multiple partners to understand the current status of the species, predict future extinction risk, and engage stakeholders in a...

Date published: September 30, 2016
Status: Active

Appalachian Plateau Groundwater Availablity Study

Pennsylvanian- and Mississippian-age aquifers occupy approximately 86,000 square-miles in the Appalachian Plateaus Physiographic Province of Pennsylvania, Ohio, Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, and Alabama. As one of several USGS Regional Groundwater Studies, the primary goal of this study is to provide a regional understanding of groundwater flow and availability in the...

Date published: September 30, 2016
Status: Active

Fairfax County Water Resources Monitoring Network

Hundreds of millions of dollars have been invested into the implementation of Best Management Practices (BMPs), with the explicit goal of improving water quality. Earlier research has demonstrated that these implemented BMPs are effective at the plot-scale and the field-scale; however, less information is available to document the effectiveness of these BMPs at the watershed scale - precisely...

Contacts: John D Jastram
Filter Total Items: 97
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Year Published: 2007

The Quality of Water and Bottom Material in Lunga Reservoir, Virginia, September 2004 through August 2005

Lunga Reservoir is on the U.S. Marine Corps Base in Quantico, which is in the Potomac River basin and the Piedmont Physiographic Province of northern Virginia. Because of the potential use of the reservoir for scuba-diver training and public water supply in addition to current recreational activities, the U.S. Marine Corps wanted to know more...

Lotspeich, R. Russell
The Quality of Water and Bottom Material in Lunga Reservoir, Virginia, September 2004 through August 2005; 2007; OFR; 2007-1053; Lotspeich, R. Russell

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Year Published: 2007

A Multiple-Tracer Approach for Identifying Sewage Sources to an Urban Stream System

The presence of human-derived fecal coliform bacteria (sewage) in streams and rivers is recognized as a human health hazard. The source of these human-derived bacteria, however, is often difficult to identify and eliminate, because sewage can be delivered to streams through a variety of mechanisms, such as leaking sanitary sewers or private...

Hyer, Kenneth Edward
A Multiple-Tracer Approach for Identifying Sewage Sources to an Urban Stream System; 2007; SIR; 2006-5317; Hyer, Kenneth Edward

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Year Published: 2006

The Virginia Coastal Plain Hydrogeologic Framework

A refined descriptive hydrogeologic framework of the Coastal Plain of eastern Virginia provides a new perspective on the regional ground-water system by incorporating recent understanding gained by discovery of the Chesapeake Bay impact crater and determination of other geological relations. The seaward-thickening wedge of extensive, eastward-...

McFarland, Randolph E.; Scott, Bruce T.
The Virginia Coastal Plain Hydrogeologic Framework; 2006; PP; 1731; McFarland, E. Randolph; Bruce, T. Scott

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Year Published: 2006

Drainage Areas of Selected Streams in Virginia

Drainage areas were determined for more than 1,600 basins in the three major river basins of Virginia -- the North Atlantic Slope, South Atlantic Slope, and Ohio River Basins. Drainage areas range from 0.004 square mile to 7,866 square miles. A geographic information system was used to digitize and store data associated with the drainage basins....

Hayes, Donald C.; Wiegand, Ute
Drainage Areas of Selected Streams in Virginia; 2006; OFR; 2006-1308; Hayes, Donald C.; Wiegand, Ute

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Year Published: 2006

Water resources data Virginia water year 2005 Volume 1. Surface-water discharge and surface-water quality records

Water-resources data for the 2005 water year for Virginia includes records of stage, discharge, and water quality of streams and stage, contents, and water quality of lakes and reservoirs. This volume contains records for water discharge at 172 gaging stations; stage only at 2 gaging stations; elevation at 2 reservoirs and 2 tide gages; contents...

Wicklein, Shaun M.; Powell, Eugene D.; Guyer, Joel R.; Owens, Joseph A.
Water resources data Virginia water year 2005 Volume 1. Surface-water discharge and surface-water quality records; 2006; WDR; VA-05-1; Wicklein, Shaun M.; Powell, Eugene D.; Guyer, Joel R.; Owens, Joseph A.

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Year Published: 2006

Physical habitat classification and instream flow modeling to determine habitat availability during low-flow periods, North Fork Shenandoah River, Virginia

Increasing development and increasing water withdrawals for public, industrial, and agricultural water supply threaten to reduce streamflows in the Shenandoah River basin in Virginia. Water managers need more information to balance human water-supply needs with the daily streamflows necessary for maintaining the aquatic ecosystems. To meet the...

Krstolic, Jennifer L.; Hayes, Donald C.; Ruhl, Peter M.
Physical habitat classification and instream flow modeling to determine habitat availability during low-flow periods, North Fork Shenandoah River, Virginia; 2006; SIR; 2006-5025; Krstolic, Jennifer L.; Hayes, Donald C.; Ruhl, Peter M.

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Year Published: 2006

Water resources data Virginia water year 2005 Volume 2. Ground-water level and ground-water quality records

Water-resources data for the 2005 water year for Virginia consist of records of water levels and water quality of ground-water wells. This report (Volume 2. Ground-Water-Level and Ground-Water-Quality Records) contains water levels at 349 observation wells and water quality at 29 wells. Locations of these wells are shown on figures 3 through 8....

Wicklein, Shaun M.; Powell, Eugene D.; Guyer, Joel R.; Owens, Joseph A.
Water resources data Virginia water year 2005 Volume 2. Ground-water level and ground-water quality records; 2006; WDR; VA-05-2; Wicklein, Shaun M.; Powell, Eugene D.; Guyer, Joel R.; Owens, Joseph A.

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Year Published: 1997

Ground Water Atlas of the United States: Segment 11, Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia

Segment 11 consists of the States of Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, West Virginia, and the Commonwealths of Pennsylvania and Virginia. All but West Virginia border on the Atlantic Ocean or tidewater. Pennsylvania also borders on Lake Erie. Small parts of northwestern and north-central Pennsylvania drain to Lake Erie and Lake...

Trapp, Henry; Horn, Marilee A.

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Year Published: 1996

Water Resources Data, Virginia, Water Year 1995, Volume 1. Surface-Water Discharge and Surface-Water Quality Records

White, R.K.; Hayes, Donald C.; Eckenwiler, M.R.; Belval, D.L.; Herman, P.E.
Water Resources Data, Virginia, Water Year 1995, Volume 1. Surface-Water Discharge and Surface-Water Quality Records; 1996; WDR; VA-95-1; White, R. K.; Hayes, D. C.; Eckenwiler, M. R.; Belval, D. L.; Herman, P. E.

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Year Published: 1996

Water Resources Data, Virginia, Water Year 1995; Volume 2. Ground-Water-Level and Ground-Water-Quality Records

Water Resources Data, Virginia, Water Year 1995; Volume 2. Ground-Water-Level and Ground-Water-Quality Records; 1996; WDR; VA-95-2; Geological Survey (U.S.)

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Year Published: 1995

Water use in Virginia; surface-water and ground-water withdrawals during 1992

Attribution: Water Resources
Water use in Virginia; surface-water and ground-water withdrawals during 1992; 1995; FS; 057-94; Geological Survey (U.S.)

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Year Published: 1994

Ground water in Virginia; use during 1990, availability, and resource information needs

McFarland, E.R.; Focazio, M.J.
Attribution: Water Resources
Ground water in Virginia; use during 1990, availability, and resource information needs; 1994; OFR; 94-114; McFarland, E. R.; Focazio, M. J.

Filter Total Items: 194
Mobile laboratory fathead minnow experiment station pictures
May 1, 2017

Shenandoah mobile laboratory fathead minnow experiment station

Shenandoah mobile laboratory fathead minnow experiment station

Picture of the burned area within the Great Dismal Swamp
March 21, 2017

Great Dismal Swamp Burn Area, March 2017

USGS scientists recently collected peat and lake core samples from the swamp to help reconstruct natural, environmental conditions over the past 12,000 years. 

The USGS is working with the Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge on this effort. Learn more: https://www2.usgs.gov/climate_landuse/

...
Living up to it's name, this picture shows the interior of the Great Dismal Swamp
March 21, 2017

Great Dismal Swamp, March 2017

Centuries of ditching, draining and harvesting resources have greatly altered the Great Dismal Swamp in Virginia. USGS scientists recently collected peat and lake core samples from the swamp to help reconstruct natural, environmental conditions over the past 12,000 years. This project will help managers understand how this system has changed in order to better manage and

...
January 27, 2017

NMIC - 2017 Mineral Commodity Summaries Release

The National Minerals Information Center, the primary agency for collecting and analyzing nonfuel minerals information, releases the 2017 Mineral Commodity Summaries, a collection of reports on over 85 commodities essential to the U.S. economy and national security.

Satellite image showing the Delaware Bay and Chesapeake Bay region
January 25, 2017

Satellite Image of the Delaware Bay and Chesapeake Bay Region

This Indian Space Research Organization LISS-3 image of the Delaware Bay and Chesapeake Bay region, acquired on January 25, 2017, shows the landscape along the densely populated U.S. East coast. Ecosystems and sea-level rise are among the regional landscape changes that satellite imagery helps to monitor. 

USGS scientists inspect a sediment core from Bearsden Pond near the Fredericks Hall fault
December 31, 2016

Sediment Core from Bearsden Pond

USGS Research Geologist Jessica Rodysill and USGS-NAGT Student Intern Kristen Steele inspect a sediment core from Bearsden Pond near the Fredericks Hall fault, one of three subsidiary faults that broke in response to slip along the main Quail fault on 23 August 2011 during the M5.8 earthquake.  This research is a collaborative project between the USGS Land Use Mission Area

...
Bath Creek, Bath County, VA
December 31, 2016

Bath Creek, Bath County, VA

Bath Creek, upstream of Blowing Springs Campground, George Washington National Forest, Bath County, VA.

Attribution: Water Resources
Image shows a sample of Apophyllite and Prehnite on a black background
December 31, 2016

Sample of Apophyllite and Prehnite

These two minerals are apophyllite and prehnite. Both apophyllite, the clear crystals, and prehnite, the green mineral, are primarily prized as collectors minerals. 

Sample provided by Carlin Green, USGS. Sample originated from Virginia Crushed Stone Quarry, Virginia, and is 4.6cm in size.

Reston Microbiology Laboratory Roll Bottle
December 31, 2016

Iron Reducing Bacteria

Iron Reducing Bacteria
FeRB isolated using a roll bottle technique from the former Uranium Mine near Ronneburg, Germany, Photo credit: Denise Akob, USGS

Water flowing from culvert
December 31, 2016

Hampton Roads WQMP CoverImage1.png

Hampton Roads WQMP Image 1. Water flowing from a culvert.

October 31, 2016

USGS Extensometer Drilling in Virginia

Along the Atlantic Coast, a 2000+ ft deep hole has been drilled by the USGS to assess the issues of groundwater pumping, relative sea-level rise, and land subsidence. This video shows the drilling of the first extensometer to measure land subsidence in the North Atlantic Coastal Plain in 30+ years.

Land subsidence has been observed at various locations in the

Connecting drill stem to the top head drive on the USGS Research Drilling program’s rig.
August 20, 2016

Connecting drill stem to the top head drive on the USGS Research Rig

Connecting drill stem to the top head drive on the USGS Research Drilling program’s rig.

Filter Total Items: 258
USGS science for a changing world logo
August 23, 2011

U.S. Geological Survey seismologists answer questions about the magnitude 5.3 felt in and around Trinidad, Colo., and the magnitude 5.8 in Central Va. that was felt across the Eastern Seaboard today.

USGS science for a changing world logo
August 23, 2011

The Marcellus Shale contains about 84 trillion cubic feet of undiscovered, technically recoverable natural gas and 3.4 billion barrels of undiscovered, technically recoverable natural gas liquids according to a new assessment by the U. S. Geological Survey (USGS). 

USGS science for a changing world logo
July 15, 2011

A manatee spotted this week in Calvert County, Maryland is the same one that first made waves 17 years ago when he appeared in Chesapeake Bay just before the onset of winter and later had to be rescued.

USGS science for a changing world logo
May 23, 2011

The most recent USGS Earth as Art exhibit, the third in the series of award-winning Landsat satellite images, will be on display at the Library of Congress beginning May 31. 

USGS
May 14, 2010

More than one-third of the nation’s population uses drinking water from public water systems that rely on groundwater pumped from public wells. The U.S. Geological Survey has collected data nationwide on water-quality in public wells.

USGS
May 12, 2010

In the United States, 1 in 4 people live with the risk of earthquakes. The U.S. Geological Survey and its partners are designing innovative tools to better detect earthquakes and share critical information. The involvement of citizens is key, as decisions made before and immediately after an earthquake can save lives and protect property.

USGS
March 9, 2010

U.S. Geological Survey conservation geneticists will showcase their science at the Department of the Interior on March 10 from 10 a.m. to 2 p.m. (South Interior Building, South Interior Auditorium, 1951 Constitution Ave., NW, Washington, D.C.)

USGS
January 25, 2010

The United States Geological Survey (USGS) sponsored a workshop on volunteered geographic information January 12-13, 2010 in Herndon, Va. The workshop explored how citizen mapmakers might contribute to The National Map, the USGS source for topographic information for the nation.

USGS science for a changing world logo
December 1, 2009

Riverbank and floodplain soils are the major source of mercury in fish from several Shenandoah Valley rivers. A new federal study shows that 96 percent of the mercury loads to the South River come from soil that was contaminated more than 50 years ago by a textile manufacturing plant in Waynesboro, Va.

USGS science for a changing world logo
November 30, 2009

U.S. Geological Survey celebrates its national program for topographic mapping (1884–2009) and looks to the future. Topographic maps became a signature product of the U.S. Geological Survey because the public found them — then and now — to be a versatile tool for viewing the nation's vast landscape.

USGS science for a changing world logo
July 30, 2009

During the next 15-20 years, the reservoirs behind all three dams of the lower Susquehanna River in Pennsylvania and Maryland may be filled to capacity with sediments from upstream. If this happens, sediment and nutrient loads entering the Chesapeake Bay are expected to increase. These are among the recent findings of a U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) report.

Virginia - West Virginia Water Science Center

Virginia - West Virginia Water Science Center

1730 East Parham Road
Richmond, VA 23228

Phone: (804) 261-2600
Fax: (804) 261-2657

VA WV Water