Unified Interior Regions

Washington

Washington's Puget Sound is a complex ecosystem directly adjacent to a robust metropolitan area that scientists from the USGS Western Fisheries Research Center study. Recent surveys have looked at juvenile surf smelt, a key link in the food web that are consumed by predators such as salmon, orca, and many marine birds. 

Western Fisheries Research Center

Western Fisheries Research Center

Research at the WFRC focuses on the environmental factors responsible for the creation, maintenance, and regulation of fish populations including their interactions in aquatic communities and ecosystems. 

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Washington Water Science Center

Washington Water Science Center

The Water Science Center's mission is to collect, analyze and disseminate the impartial hydrologic data and information needed to wisely manage water resources for the people of the United States and the State of Washington.

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States L2 Landing Page Tabs

Filter Total Items: 270
Date published: July 12, 2018
Status: Active

Research on Emerging Viruses of Salmonids - HSL

Tribal Relations

Research on Emerging Viruses of Salmonids

Date published: July 12, 2018
Status: Active

Reference Laboratory Service - HSL

Tribal Relations

Reference Laboratory Service

Date published: July 12, 2018
Status: Active

Tribal Relations - Headquarters Seattle Laboratory

Tribal Relations

Fish Health and Fish Ecology Sections

Date published: July 12, 2018
Status: Active

Data Bases - Headquarters, Seattle Laboratory

Aquatic Pathogen Databases

Date published: July 12, 2018
Status: Active

Emerging Viruses - HSL

Fish Diseases

Emerging Viruses

Date published: July 12, 2018
Status: Active

Nucleospora Salmonis - HSL

Fish Diseases

Nucleospora Salmonis

Date published: July 12, 2018
Status: Completed

Whirling Disease - HSL

Fish Diseases

Whirling Disease

Date published: July 12, 2018
Status: Active

Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia (VHS) - HSL

Fish Diseases

Viral Hemorrhagic Septicemia (VHS)

Date published: July 12, 2018
Status: Active

Spring Viremia of Carp (SVC) - HSL

Fish Diseases

Spring Viremia of Carp (SVC)

Date published: July 12, 2018
Status: Active

Infectious Hematopoietic Necrosis (IHN) - HSL

Fish Diseases

Infectious Hematopoietic Necrosis (IHN)

Date published: July 12, 2018
Status: Active

Bacterial Kidney Disease (BKD) - HSL

Fish Diseases

Bacterial Kidney Disease (BKD)

Date published: July 12, 2018
Status: Active

Diseases - Headquarters, Seattle Laboratory

Fish Diseases

Diseases of Fish Studied at the Headquarters Seattle Laboratory

Filter Total Items: 175
Date published: January 1, 2017

Sediment grain size and digital image calibration parameters from the mouth of the Columbia River, Oregon and Washington, 2014

This dataset includes 63 still images extracted from digital video imagery of sediment grab samples, along with laboratory grain size analysis of the sediment grab samples, taken from the mouth of the Columbia River, OR and WA, USA. Digital video was collected in September 2014 in the mouth of the Columbia River, USA, as part of the U.S. Geological Survey Coastal and Marine Geology Pr

Date published: January 1, 2017

Lagrangian drifter data from the mouth of the Columbia River, Oregon and Washington, 2013

Lagrangian surface currents were measured using drifters equipped with global navigation satellite system (GNSS) receivers. A total of 8 drifter deployments were performed between May 25 and June 8, 2013. For each deployment, drifters were released within the MCR and their positions were recorded until the drifters were recovered. The average duration of the drifter deployments varied bet

Date published: January 1, 2017

Digital elevation models (DEMs) of the Elwha River delta, Washington, September 2013

This part of the data release presents a digital elevation model (DEM) derived from bathymetry and topography data of the Elwha River delta collected in September 2013. Two dams on the Elwha River, Washington State, USA trapped over 20 million m3 of sediment, reducing downstream sediment fluxes and contributing to erosion of the river's coastal delta. The removal of the Elwha and Glin

Date published: January 1, 2017

Digital elevation models (DEMs) of the Elwha River delta, Washington, September 2010

This part of the data release presents a digital elevation model (DEM) derived from bathymetry and topography data of the Elwha River delta collected in September 2010. Two dams on the Elwha River, Washington State, USA trapped over 20 million m3 of sediment, reducing downstream sediment fluxes and contributing to erosion of the river's coastal delta. The removal of the Elwha and Glin

Date published: January 1, 2017

Terrestrial invertebrate abundance in the Elwha River estuary, Washington, in 2007 and 2013.

This portion of the data release presents terrestrial invertebrate abundance data from samples collected in emergent and shrub vegetation along the edge of the Elwha River estuary, Washington, in 2007 and 2013 (no associated USGS Field Activities numbers because data were collected predominantly by biologists from the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe). We deployed terrestrial insect fallout trap

Date published: January 1, 2017

Water quality in the Elwha River estuary, Washington, from 2006 to 2014.

This portion of the data release presents water column dissolved nutrient concentration data and water quality parameters from samples collected in the Elwha River estuary, Washington, in 2006, 2007, 2013, and 2014 (USGS Field Activities L-15-13-PS, L-24-13-PS, T-R5-13-PS, T-R6-13-PS, T-RA-14-PS, 2014-614-FA, 2014-628-FA, 2014-633-FA, 2014-666-FA). Water column sampl

Date published: January 1, 2017

Oceanographic measurements obtained offshore of the Elwha River delta in coordination with the Elwha River Restoration Project, Washington, USA, 2010-2014

Time-series data of velocity, pressure, turbidity, conductivity, and temperature were collected near the mouth of the Elwha River, Washington, USA, from December 2010 through October 2014, for the Department of Interior’s Elwha River Restoration project. As part of this project, the U.S. Geological Survey studied the effects of renewed sediment supplies on the

Date published: January 1, 2017

Geomorphic habitat units derived from 2013 aerial imagery and elevation data for the Elwha River estuary, Washington

Estuary geomorphic units delineated at a scale of 1:1500 using a combination of (a) 26 August 2013 0.15 meter resolution NPS Elwha PlaneCam aerial imagery; and (b) elevation-colored and hillshaded digital elevation models from USGS backpack/jetski topobathy surveys (16 September 2013) for areas < MHHW and aerial lidar surveys (17 October 2012) supplemented with NPS Elwha P

Date published: January 1, 2017

Vessel-mounted acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) data from the mouth of the Columbia River, Oregon and Washington, 2013

Spatial surveys of water column currents were performed between June 14 and 16, 2013, in the mouth of the Columbia River, Oregon and Washington. These data were collected using an acoustic-doppler current profiler (ADCP).

Date published: January 1, 2017

Characterization of seafloor photographs near the mouth of the Elwha River during the first two years of dam removal (2011-2013)

We characterized seafloor sediment conditions near the mouth of the Elwha River from underwater photographs taken every four hours from September 2011 to December 2013. A digital camera was affixed to a tripod that was deployed in approximately 10 meters of water. Each photograph was qualitatively characterized as one of six categories: (1) base, or no sediment; (2) low sediment;

Date published: January 1, 2017

Fish abundance in the Elwha River estuary, Washington, from 2006 to 2014

This portion of the data release presents fish abundance data from samples collected in the Elwha River estuary, Washington, in 2006, 2007, 2013, and 2014 (no associated USGS Field Activities numbers because data were collected predominantly by biologists from the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe). We used the Puget Sound beach seining protocol (Simenstad and others, 1991) to sample

Date published: January 1, 2017

Riparian vegetation species richness in the Elwha River estuary, Washington, in 2007 and 2014

This portion of the data release presents riparian plant species richness (number of unique taxa) data from plots sampled in the Elwha River estuary, Washington, in 2007 and 2014. In August 2007, we established 21 vegetation plots within the study area in a stratified random fashion, with three to five plots in five of the vegetation cover types denoted in the habitat classification m

Filter Total Items: 717
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Year Published: 2013

Emergence of MD type infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus in Washington State coastal steelhead trout

Infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHNV) occurs in North America as 3 major phylogenetic groups designated U, M, and L. In coastal Washington State, IHNV has historically consisted of U genogroup viruses found predominantly in sockeye salmon Oncorhynchus nerka. M genogroup IHNV, which has host-specific virulence for rainbow and steelhead...

Breyta, Rachel; Jones, Amelia; Stewart, Bruce; Brunson, Ray; Thomas, Joan; Kerwin, John; Bertolini, Jim; Mumford, Sonia; Patterson, Chris; Kurath, Gael

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Year Published: 2013

Distribution of Pacific lamprey Entosphenus tridentatus in watersheds of Puget Sound Based on smolt monitoring data

Lamprey populations are in decline worldwide and the status of Pacific lamprey (Entosphenus tridentatus) is a topic of current interest. They and other lamprey species cycle nutrients and serve as prey in riverine ecosystems. To determine the current distribution of Pacific lamprey in major watersheds flowing into Puget Sound, Washington, we...

Hayes, Michael C.; Hays, Richard; Rubin, Stephen P.; Chase, Dorothy M.; Hallock, Molly; Cook-Tabor, Carrie; Luzier, Christina W.; Moser, Mary L.

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Year Published: 2013

The effects of increased stream temperatures on juvenile steelhead growth in the Yakima River Basin based on projected climate change scenarios

Stakeholders within the Yakima River Basin expressed concern over impacts of climate change on mid-Columbia River steelhead (Oncorhynchus mykiss), listed under the Endangered Species Act. We used a bioenergetics model to assess the impacts of changing stream temperatures—resulting from different climate change scenarios—on growth...

Hardiman, Jill M.; Mesa, Matthew G.
The effects of increased stream temperatures on juvenile steelhead growth in the Yakima River Basin based on projected climate change scenarios; 2013; Article; Journal; Climate Change; Hardiman, Jill M.; Mesa, Matthew G.

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Year Published: 2013

Development of a database-driven system for simulating water temperature in the lower Yakima River main stem, Washington, for various climate scenarios

A model for simulating daily maximum and mean water temperatures was developed by linking two existing models: one developed by the U.S. Geological Survey and one developed by the Bureau of Reclamation. The study area included the lower Yakima River main stem between the Roza Dam and West Richland, Washington. To automate execution of the labor-...

Voss, Frank; Maule, Alec
Development of a database-driven system for simulating water temperature in the lower Yakima River main stem, Washington, for various climate scenarios; 2013; OFR; 2013-1010; Voss, Frank; Maule, Alec

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Year Published: 2013

Report A: Fish distribution and population dynamics in Rock Creek, Klickitat County, Washington

The U.S. Geological Survey collaborated with the Yakama Nation starting in fall of 2009 to study the fish populations in Rock Creek, a Washington State tributary of the Columbia River 21 kilometers upstream of John Day Dam. Prior to this study, very little was known about the ESA-listed (threatened) Mid-Columbia River steelhead (Oncorhynchus...

Allen, Brady; Munz, Carrie S.; Harvey, Elaine
Allen, B., C. Munz, and E. Harvey. 2007. Report A: Fish distribution and population dynamics in Rock Creek, Klickitat County, Washington. Pages A11-A78 in Rock Creek fish and habitat assessment for prioritization of restoration and protection actions. June 1, 2008 - May 31, 2013. Prepared by E. Harvey, Yakama Nation Fisheries Resource Management, Goldendale Field Office for the Bonneville Power Administration. Project Number 2007-156-00, Contract Number 56662.

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Year Published: 2012

Alternative barging strategies to improve survival of salmonids transported from Lower Granite Dam: Final report from the 2006-2008 spring/summer Chinook salmon and Steelhead juvenile migrations

In 2011, the final year class of adult salmon Oncorhynchus spp. returned from smolt groups released for a multi-year study to evaluate an alternate release site for transported fish. Smolts were collected and tagged at Lower Granite Dam, transported, and released at the alternate site near Astoria, Oregon (river kilometer 10) or at the traditional...

Marsh, Tiffani M.; Muir, William D.; Sandford, Benjamin P.; Smith, Steven G.; Elliott, Diane G.

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Year Published: 2012

Potential climate-induced runoff changes and associated uncertainty in four Pacific Northwest estuaries

As part of a larger investigation into potential effects of climate change on estuarine habitats in the Pacific Northwest, we estimated changes in freshwater inputs into four estuaries: Coquille River estuary, South Slough of Coos Bay, and Yaquina Bay in Oregon, and Willapa Bay in Washington. We used the U.S. Geological Survey's Precipitation...

Steele, Madeline O.; Chang, Heejun; Reusser, Deborah A.; Brown, Cheryl A.; Jung, Il-Won
Potential climate-induced runoff changes and associated uncertainty in four Pacific Northwest estuaries; 2012; OFR; 2012-1274; Steele, Madeline O.; Chang, Heejun; Reusser, Deborah A.; Brown, Cheryl A.; Jung, Il-Won

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Year Published: 2012

Fish population and habitat analysis in Buck Creek, Washington, prior to recolonization by anadromous salmonids after the removal of Condit Dam

We assessed the physical and biotic conditions in the part of Buck Creek, Washington, potentially accessible to anadromous fishes. This creek is a major tributary to the White Salmon River upstream of Condit Dam, which was breached in October 2011. Habitat and fish populations were characterized in four stream reaches. Reach breaks were based on...

Allen, M. Brady; Burkhardt, Jeanette; Munz, Carrie; Connolly, Patrick J.
Fish population and habitat analysis in Buck Creek, Washington, prior to recolonization by anadromous salmonids after the removal of Condit Dam; 2012; OFR; 2012-1270; Allen, M. Brady; Burkhardt, Jeanette; Munz, Carrie; Connolly, Patrick J.

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Year Published: 2012

Evaluation of stream flow effects on smolt survival in the Yakima River basin, Washington

Study Summary The influence of stream flow on salmon smolt emigration survival is a topic of widespread management interest. We collected smolt survival data to inform flow management decisions in the Yakima Basin. The Yakima River watershed drains the eastern slopes of the Cascade Mountain Range in central Washington State. The upper basin is...

Courter; Garrison; Kock, Tobias J.; Perry, Russell W.

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Year Published: 2012

River turbidity and sediment loads during dam removal

Dam decommissioning has become an important means for removing unsafe or obsolete dams and for restoring natural fluvial processes, including discharge regimes, sediment transport, and ecosystem connectivity [Doyle et al., 2003]. The largest dam-removal project in history began in September 2011 on the Elwha River of Washington State (Figure 1a)....

Warrick, Jonathan A.; Duda, Jeffrey J.; Magirl, Christopher S.; Curran, Chris A.
River turbidity and sediment loads during dam removal; 2012; Article; Journal; Eos; Warrick, Jonathan A.; Duda, Jeffrey J.; Magirl, Christopher S.; Curran, Chris A.

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Year Published: 2012

Assessing fish predation on migrating juvenile steelhead and a retrospective comparison to steelhead survival through the Priest Rapids Hydroelectric Project, Columbia River, Washington, 2009-11

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW) have been working with the Public Utility District No. 2 of Grant County, Washington (Grant PUD), to increase their understanding of predator-prey interactions in the Priest Rapids Hydroelectric Project (PRP), Columbia River, Washington. For this study, the...

Hardiman, Jill M.; Counihan, Timothy D.; Burgess, Dave S.; Simmons, Katrina E.; Holmberg, Glen S.; Rogala, Josh; Polacek, Rochelle

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Year Published: 2012

Assessing native and introduced fish predation on migrating juvenile salmon in Priest Rapids and Wanapum Reservoirs, Columbia River, Washington, 2009--11

Hydroelectric development on the mainstem Columbia River has created a series of impoundments that promote the production of native and non-native piscivores. Reducing the effects of fish predation on migrating juvenile salmonids has been a major component of mitigating the effects of hydroelectric development in the Columbia River basin....

Counihan, Timothy D.; Hardiman, Jill M.; Burgess, Dave S.; Simmons, Katrina E.; Holmberg, Glen S.; Rogala, Josh A.; Polacek, Rochelle R.
Assessing native and introduced fish predation on migrating juvenile salmon in Priest Rapids and Wanapum Reservoirs, Columbia River, Washington, 2009--11; 2012; OFR; 2012-1130; Counihan, Timothy D.; Hardiman, Jill M.; Burgess, Dave S.; Simmons, Katrina E.; Holmberg, Glen S.; Rogala, Josh A.; Polacek, Rochelle R.

Filter Total Items: 873
July 31, 2017

E2 West Transect – 2017

Permanent Site: E2 West Transect; Depth: 14.6 Meters (47.9 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 0.9 Kilometers (0.5 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 6 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.15653002, -123.56197605; Site Description: This is one of our deeper sites. Substrate is mainly gravel/cobble with scattered boulders. Only a few small brown seaweeds were present (acid

July 31, 2017

H1 East Transect – July 2017

Permanent Site: H1 East Transect; Depth: 5.2 Meters (16.9 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 2.4 Kilometers (1.5 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 6 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.1479177,-123.53472865; Site Description: This is a shallow site and one of the farthest removed from the effects of the sediment plume outside of the control sites. Substrate remains mainly

July 31, 2017

H1 West Transect – 2017

Permanent Site: H1 West Transect; Depth: 5.4 Meters (17.7 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 2.4 Kilometers (1.5 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 6 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.14803012,-123.53535558; Site Description: This is a shallow site and one of the farthest removed from the effects of the sediment plume outside of the control sites. Substrate remains

July 31, 2017

E2 East Transect – 2017

Permanent Site: E2 East Transect; Depth: 15.1 Meters (49.4 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 0.9 Kilometers (0.5 Miles) east; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 6 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.15653002,-123.56130401; Site Description: Video is only of the last 10 meters of the transect. This is one of our deeper sites. Substrate is mainly gravel/cobble with an occasional boulder

July 30, 2017

L1 East Transect – 2017

Permanent Site: L1 East Transect; Depth: 11.0 Meters (36.2 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 2.3 Kilometers (1.4 Miles) west; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 6 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.13957527,-123.59359993; Site Description: This transect is medium depth. Substrate is mainly fine sediment/sand/mud covered in a layer of brown diatoms (0:05 seconds). Scattered boulders

July 30, 2017

L1 West Transect – 2017

Permanent Site: L1 West Transect; Depth: 10.9 Meters (35.7 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 2.3 Kilometers (1.4 Miles) west; Pre/Post Dam Removal: 6 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.13957527,-123.59427175; Site Description: This transect is medium depth. The first 20 meters contains scattered boulders (0:52, 1:12 seconds). Where there are no boulders, substrate is

July 30, 2017

D2 East Transect – 2017

Permanent Site: D2 East Transect; Depth: 12.1 Meters (39.7 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 0.3 Kilometers (0.2 Miles); Pre/Post Dam Removal: 6 years post-dam removal; Lat/Long: 48.15233001,-123.56829403; Site Description: This site is right off the mouth of the river. In 2016 it was actively being buried in sand but this year the substrate was returning to mainly gravel

July 30, 2017

D2 West Transect – 2017

Permanent Site: D2 West Transect; Depth: 12.3 Meters (40.3 Feet); Distance from river mouth: 0.3 Kilometers (0.2 Miles); Pre/Post Dam Removal: 6 years post-dam removal Lat/Long: 48.15233001,-123.56896603; Site Description: This site is right off the mouth of the river. In previous years the substrate has been mainly gravel with some cobble and about 10% sand but this year

Five people, spread out along a beach with rocky and sandy areas, walk parallel to the water's edge carrying gear.
July 23, 2017

Mapping squadron

Left to right: In July 2017 Tim Elfers (USGS), Hannah Drummond (WA State Dept. of Ecology), Heather Weiner (WA State Dept. of Ecology), Andrew Stevens (USGS), and Andy Ritchie (USGS) used handheld computers and backpack-mounted GPS equipment to record topography along a beach near the mouth of the Elwha River.

Shoreline trap
July 5, 2017

Shoreline trap in Lookout Point Reservoir, OR

Shoreline traps in Lookout Point Reservoir, Oregon.

Juvenile Chinook salmon
July 3, 2017

Juvenile Chinook salmon

Juvenile Chinook salmon on the Middle Fork Willamette River, Oregon.

Filter Total Items: 377
USGS
April 20, 2016

Building a river setback levee to reduce the risk of flood for a community may also help endangered fish species to thrive, according to the results of a novel computer model reported by the U.S. Geological Survey. 

Murals on the USGS Western Fisheries Research Structure Pump House structure by Jeff Jacobson.
April 20, 2016

The U.S. Geological Survey announced the completion of its new Western Fisheries Research Center pump-house structure in the southeast part of Magnuson Park in Seattle. The pump-house provides water for scientific research, nearby wetlands and associated wildlife and recreation.

USGS
April 4, 2016

Water managers in eastern Washington now have access to the first U.S. Geological Survey computer model of the East Pasco Basin, allowing them to simulate “what-if” groundwater management scenarios, according to a USGS report.

Bat hanging from a cave ceiling
March 31, 2016

OLYMPIA, Wash. – White-nose syndrome (WNS) has been confirmed in a little brown bat (Myotis lucifugus) found near North Bend – the first recorded occurrence of this devastating bat disease in western North America. The presence of this disease was verified by the U.S. Geological Survey’s National Wildlife Health Center

USGS
February 10, 2016

The Sumas River, in northwest Washington, contains sediment that carries naturally occurring asbestos. 

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February 3, 2016

Partnership Paves the Way for Understanding Biology of Threatened Snake River Basin Fall Chinook

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January 5, 2016

How Infectious Hematopoietic Necrosis (IHN) Got its Name

USGS science for a changing world logo
December 10, 2015

CORVALLIS, Ore. – Northern spotted owl populations are declining in all parts of their range in the Pacific Northwest, according to research published in The Condor. Based on data from 11 study areas across Washington, Oregon and northern California, a rangewide decline of nearly 4 percent per year was estimated from 1985 to 2013.

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December 8, 2015

Using Challenges and Prizes to Find Innovative Solutions

Image:  Big Sagebrush Re-establishing 15 Years Post-wildfire Along the Boise Front Mountains
December 7, 2015

CORVALLIS, Ore. — Ecosystem restoration is complex and requires an understanding of how the land, plants, and animals all interact with each other over large areas and over time. Today, the U.S. Geological Survey published part two of a three-part handbook addressing restoration of sagebrush ecosystems from the landscape to the site level.

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November 2, 2015

Western Fisheries Research Center Hosts Visit from U.S. Department of the Interior Secretary Sally Jewell and U.S. Representative Suzan DelBene

Filter Total Items: 160

Western Fisheries Research Center

Western Fisheries Research Center

Research at the WFRC focuses on the environmental factors responsible for the creation, maintenance, and regulation of fish populations including their interactions in aquatic communities and ecosystems. 

Go to Center

Washington Water Science Center

Washington Water Science Center

The Water Science Center's mission is to collect, analyze and disseminate the impartial hydrologic data and information needed to wisely manage water resources for the people of the United States and the State of Washington.

Go to Center