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Photo and Video Chronology - Kīlauea - June 3, 2018

June 3, 2018

Slumping of west rim of Halema‘uma‘u

This animated GIF shows a sequence of radar amplitude images that were acquired by the Italian Space Agency's Cosmo-SkyMed satellite system. The images illustrate changes to the caldera area of Kīlauea Volcano that occurred between May 5 and June 2 at 6:00 p.m. HST. The satellite transmits a radar signal at the surface and measures the strength of the return, with bright areas indicating a strong return and dark areas a weak return. Strong returns indicate rough surfaces or slopes that point back at the radar, while weak returns come from smooth surfaces or slopes angled away from the radar. Over time, expansion of the summit eruptive vent within Halema‘uma‘u crater and the widening of Halema‘uma‘u itself are clear. The last image in the sequence, from June 2, shows the development of several cracks outside Halema‘uma‘u (previously seen in UAS footage of the crater) and inward slumping of a large portion of the western crater rim. The west side of Halema‘uma‘u is clearly unstable, and it is possible that rockfalls and continued slumping will occur in the future.

Fissure 8 flow front

Photo from 7AM helicopter overflight, hovering offshore and looking up the flowfront at kapoho. Nearly all of the front was active and advancing; advance rates were estimated at an average of 250 feet/hour (76 m/hr), and as of 7AM the flow was 500 yards (457 m) from the ocean.
Overflight photo at 7AM HST from offshore looking up the flowfront at Kapoho. Nearly all of the front was active and advancing/spreading.
Thermal image of Kapoho Beach Rd. taken during a helicopter overflight at approximately 12:30 p.m. HST on June 3, 2018
This thermal image of Kapoho Beach Rd. was taken during a helicopter overflight at approximately 12:30 p.m. HST on June 3, 2018. The temperature scale is estimated using a standard atmospheric temperature correction with blue colors indicative of cooler temperatures and red colors indicative of warmer temperatures. USGS photo. 


Halema'uma'u Crater and weak plume on morning of June 3

Summit plume at 8:40AM HST on June 3. A slight mist in the air softens the look of the plume, which is predominantly white steam with minor amounts of ash.

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