Photo and Video Chronology - Kīlauea - April 20, 2003

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Easter morning at Kohola west arm

photo of lava

Tree about to go, surrounded by lava in moving west arm of Kohola flow 750 meters north of coconut grove.

(Credit: USGS, . Public domain.)

photo of lava

Tree now aflame 1 minute later.

(Credit: USGS, . Public domain.)

photo of lava

Toe breaking out from inflating Kohola arm and crossing grassy surface. Width of toe front, about 1 meter.

(Credit: USGS, . Public domain.)

photo of lava

Deep furrows have developed by compression at snout of small breakout, where lava slows on flat ground. Width of view, about 75 centimeters.

(Credit: USGS, . Public domain.)

photo of lava

Small breakout sends lava into crack of old, grassy tumulus.

(Credit: USGS, . Public domain.)

photo of lava

With a crack and thick gushing sound, lava burst from under crust of inflating flow 30 meters east of left image. This photo taken about 25 seconds after gush started. Such a sudden breakout is on the large size; most are far smaller and less rapid. Length of flowing lava, about 6 meters.

(Credit: USGS, . Public domain.)

 

photo of lava

Same breakout as in upper right, 40 sec later. Lava has moved so quickly that even now only a very thin crust has formed. Length of flow 7-8 meters.

(Credit: USGS, . Public domain.)

photo of lava

Head-on view of slowing breakout, looking upstream at developing, already wrinkled crust. Width of stream nearest camera, about 6 meters.

(Credit: USGS, . Public domain.)

photo of lava

About 6 minutes later, most of breakout is crusted, with only the source area and a new breakout at the snout of the large one remaining uncrusted.

(Credit: USGS, . Public domain.)

photo of lava

Four minutes later, looking across terminus of breakout. The show is mostly over. Figure in upper left is photographer, not Peter Cottontail.

(Credit: USGS, . Public domain.)

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