National Hydrography

FAQ

For additional hydrography-related FAQs, please visit the Mapping, Remote Sensing, and Geospatial Data Questions page and choose "Hydrography" from the drop down.

Visit the Mapping, Remote Sensing, and Geospatial FAQs

How should USGS National Hydrography datasets and services be cited?

The USGS does not require a specific format when citing our datasets, but a few suggestions and examples are below. Citation for Datasets Author: U.S. Geological Survey Release date: the first four numbers of <pubdate> from dataset metadata for the year of the release date. For example, if the <pubdate> is 20190426, the year 2019...

What sources were used to produce the National Hydrography Dataset (NHD)?

The NHD is a combination of USGS hydrologic digital line graph (DLG) files and EPA reach files, version 3.0 (RF3). Also used were: U.S. Forest Service Cartographic Feature Files (CFF) and USGS Tagged Vector Hydro (TVH) captured from 7.5-minute printed maps. Some states also contributed their own stream layer data to the compilation of the 1:24,000...

What is the positional accuracy of the National Hydrography Dataset (NHD)?

Original hydrographic data were compiled to meet National Map Accuracy standards . These standards have been maintained in the process of creating the NHD. At 1:100,000 scale, ninety percent of well-defined features are within 167 feet (0.02 inches at map scale) of their true geographic position. When higher resolution data are created and...

What is the National Hydrography Dataset (NHD)?

The NHD is a digital vector dataset used by Geographic Information Systems (GIS) to define the spatial locations of surface waters and is designed to provide comprehensive coverage of surface water data for the U.S. The NHD contains features such as lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, canals, dams, and stream gages, in a relational database model...

In what scale are the data in the National Hydrography Dataset (NHD)?

For the conterminous United States, Hawaii, and the Virgin Islands, medium and high resolution NHD data are available at 1:100,000 and 1:24,000-scale, respectively. NHD data are available for Puerto Rico at 1:20,000-scale, and at 1:63,360-scale in Alaska. Users are encouraged to work with their state's principal steward to produce and submit data...

Is there a layer that shows the National Wetlands Inventory (NWI) data?

NWI data is available in the Content sub-tab under Overlays in a panel called Other Featured Data in the table of contents of The National Map viewer . NWI data layers are provided by the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (FWS) to download Wetlands data, go to the FWS National Wetlands Inventory website.

What are available download formats for hydrography data products?

Hydrography data are offered in Esri File Geodatabase 10.1 or Shapefile formats. NHD data is available as State extracts, 4-digit sub-regions, 8-digit sub-basins, or in a specified extent from The National Map Download Client . A national extent of medium and high resolution NHD in File Geodatabase format is also available at this site by browsing...

How do I download hydrography data products?

Hydrography data can be downloaded by using The National Map Download Client or from ftp sites that contains Pre-staged data. For directions go to the Interactive Tutorials folder in the NHD User Guide located at the USGS Hydrography Web site. Information on hydrography data available through The National Map download client can be found on the...