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Correlation Between Seismic-Reflection Profiles and Well Data, Broward County, FL

July 25, 2017

Synthetic seismograms provide a means to calibrate (groundtruth) seismic-reflection profiles to specific subsurface stratigraphic events observed in one-dimensional core and geophysical log data acquired from wells. Independently, Walker Marine Geophysical Company and Geokinetics Incorporated used velocity data from 13 borehole-compensated sonic logs as input for specialized geophysical software to generate 13 synthetic seismograms. Velocity data from the sonic logs were converted to a synthetic seismic trace using synthetic-seismogram production software, reproduced either 5 or 8 times, and placed side-by-side to resemble a seismic-reflection profile. For each well, the synthetic seismogram was used to relate geologic and geophysical well data to the respective seismic-reflection data. Stratigraphic and hydrogeologic interfaces were fit to the true wavelet traces on seismic-reflection profiles. Selected stratigraphic and hydrogeologic interfaces were identified on the basis of comparisons to published geologic and hydrogeologic frameworks. The direct correlation of key traces on the synthetic seismograms to seismic-reflection profiles was not a perfect fit; however, some disparity is common between synthetic seismograms and seismic-reflection profiles (Bruns and others, 1994) and in many cases is a result of imperfect modeling of synthetic seismograms.

Publication Year 2017
Title Correlation Between Seismic-Reflection Profiles and Well Data, Broward County, FL
DOI 10.5066/F72R3PVF
Authors Kevin J Cunningham, Joann F Dixon
Product Type Data Release
Record Source USGS Digital Object Identifier Catalog
USGS Organization Caribbean-Florida Water Science Center - Tampa, FL Office