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Geospatial Data for a Preliminary GIS Representation of Deep Coal Areas for Carbon Dioxide Storage in the Contiguous United States and Alaska

September 26, 2019

These geospatial data and their accompanying report outline many areas of coal in the United States beneath more than 3,000 ft of overburden. Based on depth, these areas may be targets for injection and storage of supercritical carbon dioxide. Additional areas where coal exists beneath more than 1,000 ft of overburden are also outlined; these may be targets for geologic storage of carbon dioxide in conjunction with enhanced coalbed methane production. These areas of deep coal were compiled as polygons into a shapefile for use in a geographic information system (GIS). The coal-bearing formation names, coal basin or field names, geographic provinces, coal ranks, coal geologic ages, and estimated individual coalbed thicknesses (if known) of the coal-bearing formations were included. An additional point shapefile, coal_co2_projects.shp, contains the locations of pilot projects for carbon dioxide injection into coalbeds. This report is not a comprehensive study of deep coal in the United States. Some areas of deep coal were excluded based on geologic or data-quality criteria, while others may be absent from the literature and still others may have been overlooked by the authors.